Notes on Figurative Language (from Week 7) Imagery Imagery is used in writing to appeal to a variety of the five senses. It is very descriptive writing that provides the reader with a vivid image of the scene. For example, "The swishing sound the dress made against her legs wafted the scent of fresh laundry up to her nose." This sentence uses the "hearing" and "smelling" senses Example from Fahrenheit 451 “Rain. The storm. The uncle laughing. Thunder falling downstairs…The fire gushing up in a volcano. All rushing on down around in a spouting roar and rivering stream toward morning” (Bradbury 18) Simile (Review) Similes: A comparison using like of as Example: Life is like a box of chocolates Example: Kevin runs as slow as a a line Example from Fahrenheit 451 “There was only a girl walking with him now, her face bright as snow in the moonlight, and he knew” (Bradbury 5) Metaphor (Review) Metaphor: A comparison not using like or as Example: Life is a broken winged bird that can not fly Example: That foot ball player is an unstoppable train Example from Fahrenheit 451 Her face was a snow-covered island upon which rain might fall, but it felt no rain...” (Bradbury 13). Personification Personification: Giving non human things, human characteristics The snow whispered as it fell to the ground The strawberries seemed to sing “eat me first.” Example from Fahrenheit 451 “As he stood there the sky over the house screamed” (Bradbury 13) Allusion Allusion: A reference to a well known person, place, event, literary work or work of art Example: You are such a Scrooge. Example: I am hoping to have a phoenix moment so that I can make a comeback. Example: I can do for you what Martin did for the people (Jay-Z) Example from Fahrenheit 451 “he would look at himself, minstrel man…” (Bradbury 4). “You’ve been locked up here for years with a regular damned Tower of Babel” (Bradbury 38). Hyperbole Hyperbole is a statement of exaggeration for dramatic effect. Examples: Abby was so sick, she was coughing up a lung. I could eat my arm right now. I finished that test in 10 seconds! Example from Fahrenheit 451: “Montag was cut in half. He felt his chest chopped down and split apart” (Bradbury 13).