Root words Form the main part of a word, provide the basic meaning of the word Joined along with some other letters to form different words which have related meanings Arabic words have three letter roots and rarely four or five letter roots Always maintain their order / specific arrangement. To know the translation of the word To analyze the word To use the Arabic dictionary one must know the root of the word TO Pass the tests Why know the Roots ? Eat eating eats eaten eatable branching words Masdar Root Topic : 2 Huroof Illat (Missing/Chilling Letters) Huroof Illat • • • Alif Waaw Yaa You can call them sick letters - weak letters They get tired easily So when they appear in Roots , they may Be Present Or Absent Or send another weak letter in their place Huroof Illat قَالHe said Changed قول dropped speech قلSay ! Present َيقَولHe says can be the first radical For Example : ي ق ن ون ُ ُيُو ِقن can be the second radical For Example: ق و م can be the third Radical For Example: ُيُقِيمُون ه د ي ٱ ۡه ُِدنا Huroof Illat : Can there be more than one defective letters in one Root? Yes there can be ۡ َّ َلِّلمتقِين و ق ي Example : Surah Al Baqarah : 2 • Normal Root words You just need to recognize them • Root words with defective letters You have to learn them Meat of the matter is • Let’s give some examples! More Examples The Double Lettered Root word…. • In Some Root words the Second and Third Radical are identical • In Such cases the second radical will have shaddah • Example : The word ِّ ّ َربis from root رب ب • Shaddah means “The Letter is twice” In other words… ين • ضالّ َّ يَ ُم ُّد ُهمّ • صمّ• ُ َربهّ • Other Examples…. • Not every shaddah means identical root letters. • For Example : ّبَشر بّشّر Keep in mind ….