Document

Report
Половко Л.В.
Учитель английского языка
МАОУ гимназии №6 г.
Новороссийск
As you could see, you can form new words with
different meanings by adding a prefix or a sufix.
Prefixes don’t change
the word class!
 unfair;
 uncommon;
 untrue...
 illegal;
 illegitimate;
 illogical...
 incorrect;
 informal;
 inconvenient...
 irrational;
 irrelevant;
 irresponsible...
 impossible;
 immature;
 imperfect...
 disadvantage;
 dislike;
 dishonest...
 misunderstanding;
 mistrust;
 misbehave...
 non-smoker;
 non-violent;
 non-profit...
To memorize!
RULES
 When you want to change a word that starts with P or M, you add the prefix “im”:
 improper; immodest; impartial; impersonal; impolite; impractical, immigrant…
 Adjectives starting with L, you add the prefix “il”:
 illiterate; illegible; illicit; illegality; illegal; illogical…
 Adjectives beginning with R , you add the prefix “ir”:
 irrational; irresistible; irregular; irreverent; irresponsible…
If you have any doubts, go to the dictionary!
He’s your friend!
Suffixes usually change
the word class of the base word!
Noun formation
-ation
-al
 survive - survival;
 arrive - arrival;
 try - trial...
 combine - combination;
 accuse - accusation;
 image - imagination...
-ance/
-ence
-er
 work - worker;
 sing - singer;
 win - winner...





perform - performance;
insure - insurance;
entry – entrance;
differ – difference;
prefer - preference...
-ment
 employ - employment;
 move - movement;
 arrange – arrangement...
-age
 carry - carriage;
 use - usage;
 pack - package...
Noun formation
-ity
 national - nationality;
 feminine - femininity;
 curious - curiosity...
-ness
 dark - darkness;
 fit - fitness;
 weak - weakness...
-ant/ ent
 study - student;
 serve - servant;
 assist - assistant...
-dom
 king - kingdom;
 free - freedom;
 wise - wisdom...
-ship
 relation - relationship;
 friend - friendship;
 champion - championship...
-ist
 novel – novelist;
 art - artist;
 piano - pianist...
-hood
 neighbour - neighbourhood;
 man - manhood;
 parent - parenthood...
- ess
 actor – actress;
 prince - princess;
 waiter - waitress...
-th/ -t
 true - truth;
 grow- growth;
 weigh – weight...
Adjective formation
-ful
-ish
 tall - tallish;
 dark - darkish;
 green - greenish...
 care - careful;
 beauty - beautiful;
 delight - delightful...
-less
-able/ ible
 accept - acceptable;
 agree - agreeable;
 access - accessible...
 use - useless;
 shame - shameless;
 hair - hairless...
-al
 electric – electrical;
 nation - national;
 emotion - emotional...
-y
 sleep - sleepy;
 rain - rainy;
 fun - funny...
-ous
 fame – famous;
 fury - furious;
 poison - poisonous...
-ive
 create – creative;
 attract - attractive;
 act - active...
Verb formation
-en
 deep - deepen;
 wide - widen;
 short - shorten...
-ise/ -ize
 apology - apologise;
 tranquil - tranquilise;
 sympathy - sympathise...
-ify
 identity - identify;
 solid - solidify;
 example - exemplify...
-ate
 regular - regulate;
 circular - circulate;
 domestic - domesticate...
Form nouns from the verbs:
to arrive to govern to arm to agree to recover to inform to proposeto pay –
arrival
government
army
agreement
recovery
information
proposal
payment
Form nouns from the adjectives:
kind quiet happy active stupid human -
kindness
quietness
happiness
activity
stupidity
humanism
Form adjectives from the nouns:
the fool the child the fun the friend the month the dangerthe fame -
foolish
childish
funny
friendly
monthly
dangerous
famous
Используемые ресурсы:
http://www.englishege.ru/grammar/150-slovoobrazovanie-vanglijskom-yazyke.html -правила
http://scholar.urc.ac.ru/courses/English/rref/wform.html.ru#ex
1- упражнения
Изображения:
http://www.clipartof.com/portfolio/ctsankov/illustration/happ
y-caucasian-professor-using-a-pointer-stick-1099926.html
http://www.clipproject.info/free-clipart-gallery/people-clipartfree/boy-clipart-free-people-clipart-994.html#.UOhEPqzWVOY
http://www.clipproject.info/free-clipart-gallery/school-clip-artimages-free/pupil-in-school-clip-art-image-free1273.html#.UOhE9azWVOY
http://www.clipproject.info/free-clipart-gallery/people-clipartfree/cartoon-human-free-image-996.html#.UOhJwKzWVOY
http://www.clipproject.info/free-clipart-gallery/people-clipartfree/question-clipart-people-pics-free-download1015.html#.UOhKWqzWVOY

similar documents