Social Studies Notes

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Social Studies Notes
13 Colonies
Name that Colony
• A colony founded by the Quakers-Pennsylvania
• A place for English debtors to live – Georgia
• A colony where Catholics could practice their
religion – Maryland
• The first colony to allow freedom of religion –
Rhode Island
• A Dutch colony taken over by the English –New
York
The Triangular Trade
• 1st leg – rum, iron goods,
guns were sent from
Boston to Africa
• 2nd leg (the middle
passage) – enslaved
Africans were sent from
Africa to the West Indies
• 3rd leg – slaves picked
sugar cane and molasses
was sent from the West
Indies to Boston
Colonial Economy
How Did the Colonists Earn a Living?
Common Industries
New England
Fishing
Shipbuilding
Woodworking
Middle
Southern
Farming
Farming-Plantations
Grains - wheat & corn rice, tobacco, indigo
"the breadbasket"
Southern Economy
• Large farms that often
grew only one crop
were called
plantations. They
usually grew rice,
tobacco, or indigo.
• Large numbers of
slaves worked the
farms.
Slavery
• These people lost most of
their basic human rights
under rules known as
slave codes.
• Work on the farms was
supervised by overseers.
• Secret meetings were held
at night by captives to
plan escape.
Ben Franklin
• He started the first volunteer fire
department.
• He published Poor Richard’s Almanac.
• He invented the lightning rod.
• He started the University of Pennsylvania.
• He started a school for African Americans.
• He began the first pubic library and Click here
hospital.
Why People Came to the
Colonies
• Religious freedom
• To get rich
• To become debt free
• For a better life
• Slavery

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