Urban Theory - Abingdon School Study Site

Urban Theory
Burgess Model
Concentric Rings
Urban Transect
Hoyt Model
Central Business District
• As land values increase
towards the city centre
buildings become higher. It is
cheaper to build upwards
than across
• Has the departmental shops,
large offices, main railway
and bus stations, many
churches, pubs, clubs and
cinemas and the town hall
• The main roads head into
the C.B.D.
• C.B.D.s suffer from the worst
traffic congestion
• Old factories and houses are
mixed in together as they
were built when most people
walked to work
• Housing is usually terraced
housing, in rows
• There are often empty
buildings, derelict land,
vandalism, crime, poverty,
unemployment and other
social and economic
• Recent changes have taken
place in these areas; many
high rise multi-storey
residential blocks of flats
have been built
• Younger buildings than in the
middle of the city
• Cul-de-sacs (dead ends)
slow down traffic to make the
streets safer
• More detached and semidetached houses; as the
land is less expensive
people have gardens
• Fewer factories than the
inner city
• More open space and parks
• Many people travel from
here to the city for work
• Less pollution than the
centre of the city
Rural-Urban Fringe
• This is on the boundary of
the town and country
• As towns and cities
expand, more countryside
is being used for housing
• Only possible as most
houses now have at least
one car
• There are also out-of-town
shopping centres and

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