Quiz 9 Review WWI & 1920s • Which event sparked World War I? • the assassination of the heir to the AustroHungarian throne • How would you describe the first few years of World War I? • stalemate. • Why did the United States enter World War I? • Sinking of Lusitania • Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare • Zimmerman note • What was the Great Migration? • the movement of African Americans to northern cities • What were the underlying causes of World War I? • • • • Imperialism Militarism Nationalism Alliances • What was the Selective Service Act of 1917? • a means of drafting young men for the military forces. • What happened after Vladimir Lenin seized control of Russia in 1917? • Russia withdrew from the war. • What did fears of spies and sabotage in the United States during the war lead to? • restrictions on immigration (National Origins Act) • discrimination and violence toward Germans (Espionage Act) • repression of free speech (Sedition Act) • Why did most Americans oppose the Central Powers in WWI? • because of Germany’s frightening militarism • How did the German U-boat change the rules of naval warfare? • They remained hidden and fired without warning (violation of the Sussex Pledge). • What impact did Russia’s exit from the war have? • It increased the pressure on the Allies. • How was the United States able to loan more than $10 billion to the Allies in WWI? • Liberty Bonds. • What was Germany forced to agree to in the Versailles treaty? • They lost territory and had to pay reparations to the Allies. • What was a major demographic shift of the 1920s? • large numbers of Americans moving to the suburbs. • What did the rapid development of the mass media during the 1920s lead to? • the creation of a national culture. • What was the result of Prohibition during the 1920s? • the rise of organized crime. • How did life change for American women in the 1920s? • Many women felt freer to experiment with bolder styles and manners. • Which baseball player was one of the most exciting heroes of the 1920s? • Babe Ruth • What was a big change in movies in the late 1920s? • the introduction of sound. • Who brought jazz to northern cities? • southern African Americans. • What kind of music did people listen to in the clubs of Harlem, New York? • Jazz • What literary movement were James Weldon Johnson and Zora Neale Hurston a part of? • Harlem Renaissance • Which dance embodied the Jazz Age? • The Charleston • What was the Red Scare a response to? • the Russian Revolution. • Why did the economy grow in the 1920s? • Consumers began to buy goods on credit. • Why did many Americans fear Vladimir I. Lenin and his followers, the Bolsheviks? • They promoted a system that was hostile to American values. • How did installment plans affect the American economy in the 1920s? • They fueled the growth of the consumer economy. • What was the purpose of the National Origins Act of 1924? • To reduce immigration • What did Henry Ford do for the automobile industry? • Made cars that ordinary people could afford. • How did Ford mass produce vehicles? • He made assembly line production more efficient.