Urban Geography - Taylor High School

Urban Geography
Learning Intentions
 By
the end of this unit, you should be able
 Understand
 List
why cities grow,
the main land uses in a developed city,
 Understand
one land use model of a
developed city.
The 7 Billion people who live on this planet are not evenly
spread out. We prefer to live in some areas more than
Increasingly we prefer to live in towns and cities.
One hundred years ago, fewer than 200 million people lived
in towns and cities; now the urban population is 3.5 billion.
Why do people live in cities?
People move to cities because there are more job opportunities. There
may be jobs in factories, offices, shops and services.
Each town or city used to have a specific function and would offer jobs in
this area of work, for example,
Industrial centres – factory jobs making things.
 Ports – jobs loading/ unloading goods on and off ships and jobs in the
warehouse and distribution trade.
 Tourist resort, such as Blackpool – jobs in hotels and restaurants catering
for tourists.
From Village to city
Nearly all the buildings in a village are houses.
As it starts to grow, it develops other land use zones.
It will have an industrial area as well as new housing zones
and the old village will be taken over by shops and
This will become known as the town centre or the Central
Business District. (CBD)
Village to city
A typical town grows out from its original village in all
directions and its different land use zones can be shown as
concentric zones.
Inner City
Characteristics of the CBD
Oldest part of town.
Where most roads meet.
Bus and train stations.
High order shops.
Lots of Churches.
Tallest buildings.
Most densely packed buildings.
Hotels, pubs and restaurants.
Entertainment facilities.
Characteristics of the inner city
Built in the 19th century.
High density of buildings.
Old factories.
Low order shops and services.
Stone tenement houses.
Brick terraced houses.
Few gardens or small gardens.
Characteristics of the city edge
 Dates
from 20th century onwards.
 Planned shopping centres.
 Business and office parks.
 Some detached housing.
 Low density of buildings.
 Beside main roads.
Characteristics of the Suburbs
 Built
 Low
in the 20th and 21st century.
density of buildings.
 Mainly
detached and semi detached houses.
 Many
houses with large gardens and
 Lots
of open space and parks.
Changes to Zones
These zones are consistently changing.
Old buildings are knocked down, new ones are constructed
and others change their use.
For example.
Housing to offices.
Old factory buildings to stylish flats close to the city
Changes in the CBD
More indoor shopping centres, for example Buchanan Galleries.
Changes to road systems to ease congestions and increase
pedestrian safety. For example, bus and taxi lanes, pedestrianized
streets such as Buchanan Street .

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