Hazardous Chemical Spill Containment Program

Hazardous Chemical Spill
Response and Containment
OSHA Standard
29 CFR 1910.120
Hazardous Waste Operations and
Emergency Response
 Organizations have two options for
responding to a chemical spill:
 Evacuate all employees and call in
professional emergency response personnel
 Respond internally
Companies that opt to respond
internally to chemical spills must
have an emergency response plan
that includes comprehensive
training for employees.
 OSHA forbids the involvement of
untrained employees in responding to a
In the event of a chemical
 Alert and evacuate all non-essential personnel
 Shut off electrical equipment and stop all hot work
 Administer first aid to victims
 Remove them to fresh air
 Remove contaminated clothing and flush contaminated
skin and eyes with water for 15 minutes.
 If anyone has been injured or exposed to toxic
chemicals or chemical vapors, call 911 and seek
medical attention immediately.
Confine the spill
 Close any doors if possible
 Prevent people from entering the area by
blocking off areas leading to the spill
 Post staff by entrances to warn people
and direct them away from the spill
Emergency response personnel
who perform spill control work
are expected to:
 Wear the proper protective clothing and
 Follow the established standard operating
procedures for spill control
 Be trained in the use and care of spill control
 Be trained in the associated hazards of spill
containment work
 Read and understand MSDS forms
 Conduct practice drills
Standard equipment for
spill control work
A portable
spill cart
Portable Spill Cart
 Should contain at least the following items:
 Mops and brooms
 Absorption materials such as pads, blankets,
 Acid Neutralizers
 Barricade devices (mesh or tape)
 PPE (gloves, face shields, aprons, coveralls)
A spill should be contained and
cleaned based on the chemical’s
physical and hazardous properties.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(Non-Mandatory Form)
Form Approved OMB No. 1218-0072
 The chemical’s MSDS is
the best reference for
this information.
Accidental Release Measures
 Remove all sources of ignition
 Ventilate area of leak or spill
 Wear appropriate PPE:
 A full-face piece positive-pressure, air-supplied respirator
 Impervious protective clothing including boots, gloves, lab
coat, apron or overalls to prevent skin contact
 Use chemical safety goggles and/or a full face shield where
splashing is possible.
 Clean up spills in a manner that does not disperse dust into
the air
 Reduce airborne dust and prevent scattering by moistening
with water
Phosphoric Acid
Accidental Release Measures
 Ventilate the area
 Wear appropriate PPE:
 Full-face piece positive-pressure, air-supplied
 Impervious protective clothing including boots,
gloves, lab coat, apron or coverall
 Chemical safety goggles and/or a full face shield
 Neutralize spill with alkaline material
 Absorb with an inert material
I.D. Red (Liquid)
Accidental Release Measures
 Eliminate all ignition sources
 Put on appropriate PPE
 Splash goggles
 Chemical resistant gloves and synthetic apron
 Respirator if ventilation is inadequate
 Absorb with an inert material
 Use detergent to clean the floor and all other
contaminated objects
 Finish cleaning with water
Accident Investigation
 The safety coordinator and the emergency
response team should investigate the incident
 What caused the spill?
 How can this type of accident be prevented in the
 Critiques should also be done after an incident
 Evaluate what worked and what did not
 How could the incident be better handled the next
Medical Surveillance
 The program should:
 Assess and monitor the individual’s health
and fitness
 Provide emergency and other treatment as
 Keep accurate records for future reference
Handle ALL Chemicals with
 Only trained personnel are allowed to respond to a
chemical spill
 Refer to the MSDS for proper use, storage, cleanup and
disposal of a chemical
 Use proper PPE when working with chemicals
 Be aware of the chemical’s physical and hazardous
properties to prevent a chemical reaction

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