Author’s Purpose and Perspective

Report
How does their purpose and
perspective affect meaning?
What is author’s purpose?
It is the goal or aim an author expresses
in a work.
 If you can recognize the text structure,
figuring out the author’s purpose or
perspective becomes easier.

Just a Review

Text structure is how our texts are
organized.
 Cause and Effect
 Problem and Solution
 Descriptive
 Compare and Contrast
 Chronological Order
Other text structures to consider…

Spatial order
 Describe how something looks or its location

Bulleted lists
 Make important points

Degree order
 Ideas are presented in order of importance

Foreshadowing
 The author gives subtle hints of what will happen later

Flashback
 The author starts with a situation and then takes you back
to earlier events

Argument/support
 The author takes a stand on an issue and then supports it
with details
Before…

You learned that author’s purpose can
either be to explain, persuade, entertain,
or inform.
But…
○ Explain what?
○ Persuade whom?
○ Entertain why?
○ Inform of us what?
Now…
We have to think about what the author
is explaining, who the author is
persuading, why the author is
entertaining, and what the author
informing us of.
 This is where knowing the text structure
comes into play.

Determining Author’s Purpose

Once you know the type of text
structure, then consider the type of
writing.
Type of Writing
Author’s Purpose
Narrative
To tell a story
Descriptive
To illustrate a person, event, or place; to convey a
mood
Expository
To explain, illustrate, or present information
Persuasive
To express an opinion and convince readers to
think, feel, or act a certain way
Using the Title
The title of a passage can help you
predict the main idea and the author’s
purpose.
 Look at the titles on the next page and
think about what the author’s purpose
might be.

 Example
○ Title: Scuba Diving Basics
○ Purpose: Explain what people need to know to
go scuba diving.
What is the author’s purpose?
Red-Heads Rule: Why It’s Good to Be a
“Carrot Top”
 10 Ways to Improve Your Study Habits
 Lessons from My Great-Grandmother

What is the author’s perspective?
It’s their point of view!
 This is the author’s position on a subject
and how their point of view is expressed.

Type of Writing
Elements of Perspective
Fiction
The author may use characters or a narrator to
express the author’s attitude.
Non-fiction
The author’s perspective is primarily neutral.
Informative writing is used to explain, describe, or
instruct.
Persuasive
The point of view clearly reflects the author’s
attitude about a subject.

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