Trojan War Culture

Report
The Trojan War and Aeneas
Heroes, gods, beautiful
women, battles, love,
betrayal, death, destruction:
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I can:
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Identify the event of the Trojan War
Recognize the major characters of the Trojan War
Locate Troy on a map
Retell the events of the Trojan War
Retell the quest of Aeneas to found the Roman race
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1. What were the two groups fighting in the
Trojan War?
2. Have you read the Iliad, Odyssey, or Aeneid?
3. Who was the face that launched a thousand
ships?
4. Who led each side?
5. Who were the best warriors on each side?
6. Who won the war?
7. What is Achilles weakness?
8. Where is Troy?
9. Who is Aeneas?
10. Why did Odysseus/Ulysses wander 20 years?
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Greek:
◦ Epic Poems Iliad (covers last year of the ten
year war), Odyssey ( Odysseus/Ulysses 20
year trip home)
 Both written by Homer
◦ Numerous Plays by Sophocles, Euripides,
Aeschylus
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Roman:
◦ Epic Poem The Aeneid similar to Iliad and
Odyssey but story of a Trojan warrior who
escapes from Troy to build a new civilization
from the remnants of Troy and which will
become the Romans
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Source as one of Western Cultures first great
epics of numerous allusions, themes,
archetypes
◦ Still affecting modern literature and film
◦ Helen of Troy
◦ Aeneid national epic of Rome, single most
important Latin book
◦ Odyssey, Iliad required reading
◦ Odyssey, face that launched a thousand ships, the
wine dark sea, beware of Greeks bearing gifts,
Achilles heel/tendon, Trojan Horse, Cassandra…
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Peleus
*Thetis
*Eris/Discordia
*Juno
*Minerva
*Venus
*Mercury
◦ * deity
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Helen
Menelaus
Clytemnestra Agamemnon
*Jupiter
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Patroclus
Achilles
Ulysses/Odysseus Penelope
*Diana
Iphigenia
Diomedes
Briseis
Chryseis
Neoptolemus/Pyrrhus
Sinon
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Priam
Hecuba
Paris/Alexander
Oenone
Hector
Andromache
Anchises
*Venus
Laocoon
Cassandra
Astyanax
Aeneas
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Troy
Mt. Ida
Mycenae
Tenedos
Hellespont
Black Sea
Aulis
Sparta
Scaean Gate
Palladium
Elysian Fields
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Role of Troy in Aegean World: trade, horses
Birth of Paris and Prophecy
Wedding of Peleus and Thetis
Judgment of Paris
“Abduction of Helen”
Raising an army
Recruitment Issues: Ulysses, Achilles,
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Journey to Troy: the troops, Aulis, the
sacrifice
The Siege 10 years
◦ The Iliad only the last year; really about the conflict
between Agamenon and Achilles, then Achilles and
Hector
◦ The girl issue: Apollo. Chryseis, Agamemnon,
Achilles, Briseis
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Achilles the brat
Battlefield incidents
◦ Menelaus and Paris
◦ Diomedes, Athena, Aeneas, Venus,
◦ Hector, Andromache, Astyanax
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Achilles still a brat
character of Ulyssess
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Patroclus, the armor old and new
Death of Hector,
Death of Achilles; Apollo and Paris
Ulysses, Minerva, the horse, Laocoon, Sinon
Fall of Troy, Neoptolemus
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The Postwar: Helen and Menelaus,
Andromache and Neoptolemus and Helenus,
Agamemnon and Cassandra meet
Clytemnestra, Neoptolemus and Orestes and
Hermione,
Voyages of Ulysses and Aeneas
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Venus
Vergil
The
Aeneid
Trojans
Greeks
*Troy
Paris
*Thrace
Anchises
Ascanius
*Crete
Aeneas
Creusa
Harpies/*Strophades
Juno
Cyclopes
Polyphemus
*Carthage
Punic War
*Sicily
Dido
Palinurus
Aeolus
Mercury
*Cumae/Sibyl
Neptune
Anna
Prosperpina
Hector
*Mt. Vesuvius/Lake Avernus
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*Latium
Lavinium
Pallas
Mezentius
Turnus
Julius Caesar
Juturna
Evander
Latinus
*Alba Longa
Lausus
Vulcan
Iulus
Euryalus
Etruscans
Lavinia
*Tiber
Camilla
Misus

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