Southern Europe

Report
Preview:
• What country is in the shape of a boot?
• Please label page 28
Southern Europe
Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece
Guided notes from text pages
338-342
Map
Spain’s Geography
• Located on Iberian Peninsula
• “Maseta” – dry plateau surrounded by
mountain ranges
• Borders Mediterranean Sea
Spain’s Economy
• “dry farming” – technique that does not
depend on irrigation; land is left unplanted
every few years so it can store moisture
• Southern Spain: citrus fruits, olives, grapes
• Manufacturing and service: processed foods,
clothing, footwear, steel, cars
• Tourism attractions: castles, cathedrals,
Mediterranean beaches
Spain’s Culture
• Most people live in urban areas
• Roman Catholic Religion
• Castilian Spanish – official language
Spain’s Government
• Democracy in 1970s
• Autonomy-self-ruled regions
Portugal’s Geography
• Located on Iberian Peninsula
• Land is low coastal plain, split by Tagus River
Portugal’s Economy
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Agriculture and farming
Grapes used for wine making
Oak trees for cork
Fishing in Atlantic Ocean
Manufacturing and service industries
Portugal’s Culture
• Live in small villages on the coast
Portugal’s Government
• Democratic government
• Economic subsidies help from European Union
• Subsidies – special government payments to
support an industry
Acrostic Poem – relative to actual
country
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•
S
P
A
I
N
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•
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P
O
R
T
U
G
A
L
Italy’s Geography
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Juts out from Europe into Mediterranean Sea
“boot” shape
Alps in north over broad Lombardy plain
Apennine Mountains in central and southern
areas
• Volcanoes dot the landscape
Italy’s Economy
• Agricultural to industrial economy
• Cities of Milan, Turin, and Genoa produce cars,
technical instruments, appliances, clothing
• Po River valley – rich farming region of grapes
and olives with livestock
• Southern Italy – high unemployment due to
poor mountainous land without navigable
rivers
• Tourism of Rome, Pompeii, Venice
Italy’s Culture
• 90% live in urban areas
• Speak Italian
• Roman Catholic religion
Italy’s Government
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Democratic republic
Rome is capital
Vatican City is within Rome
Church rules Vatican city – smallest
independent country
Acrostic Poem
I
T
A
L
Y
Greece’s Geography
• Extends from Balkan Peninsula into
Mediterranean Sea
• Mainland country with about 2,000 islands
• Earthquakes
Greece’s Economy
• Less agriculture due to stony soil and mountains
• Sheep and goats in highlands
• Farms within plains and valleys grow wheat and
olives
• New Industries: textiles, footwear, chemicals
• Major shipping: oil tankers, cargo ships,
passenger vessels
• Tourism of Parthenon, Athens, Mykonos,
Santorini, and many other islands
Greece’s Culture
• 60% live in urban areas
• Athens is crowded capital
• Speak forms of Greek similar to that of ancient
times
• Greek Orthodox Christian
Greece’s Government
• Democratic Republic
• Member of European Union
Acrostic Poem
G
R
E
E
C
E

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