BLR’s Safety Training Presentations

Report
Accident Investigation
State of Florida
Loss Prevention Program
Session Objectives
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You will be able to:
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Understand your role in the investigation process
Gather facts
Talk to witnesses
Determine causal factors
Identify corrective actions
Send report results to the appropriate people
Why Investigate Accidents?
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Determine the root cause
Identify corrective actions
Prevent the accident from happening again
Document the accident
Report findings to agency Safety Coordinators
You Have Key Roles
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Report any accident or near-miss immediately
As a witness, describe what you observed
Provide your knowledge of normal operating
practices in the situation
Suggest corrective actions
Accident Investigators
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Employees trained
to investigate
accidents
Safety committee
member
Supervisor
Safety Coordinator
Investigator’s Qualifications
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Understand important role of accident
investigation
Have authority and accountability
Have skills to evaluate the incident
Ability to clearly communicate details
Investigate All Accidents
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Workplace fatality
Lost time from the
job or days away
from work
Restricted ability to
work
Medical treatment
First aid
Near-miss incidents
When to Investigate?
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Immediately after
incident
Interview witnesses
before memories
fade
Assess the scene
before clues are
moved
Finish investigation
quickly
Accident Investigation Is Like a Police
Investigation
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Check the scene
before anything has
been moved
Assemble evidence
Interview the
witnesses
Find what, why, and
how
The Accident Occurs
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Employee immediately reports the accident to a
supervisor
Supervisor assesses need for outside medical
treatment
Accident scene is left intact
Supervisor contacts OptaComp
Supervisor completes incident form and
Beginning the Investigation
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Investigator reports
to the scene
Look at the big
picture
Record initial
observations
Take pictures if they
will aid in the
investigation
Questions that Need Answers
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What happened?
When did it happen?
Where did it
happen?
Who was involved?
How did it happen?
Why did it happen?
How can we keep it
from happening
again?
Fact Gathering
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Name of injured and
involved employees
Name of witnesses
Date and time of the
incident
Work shift
information
Fact Gathering (cont.)
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General location of the incident
Specific location of involved employees
Normal job duties and training
Type of injury and body part injured
Fact Gathering (cont.)
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Machines, tools, or
equipment used
Chemicals involved
Environmental
conditions
Interviewing Witnesses
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Interview witnesses one at a time
Convey your desire to prevent accidents
Encourage witness to describe the accident in his
or her own words
Discuss what happened leading up to and after
the accident
Use open-ended questions
Sequence of Events
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Events leading up to
the incident
Describe events of
the incident
Events that
happened
immediately after the
incident
Incident Description
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Details so reader
can clearly picture
the incident
Specific body parts
affected
Specific motions of
injured employee
just before, during,
and after incident
Causal Factors
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Try not to accept single cause theory
Identify underlying causes
Primary cause
Secondary causes
Corrective Actions
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Immediate corrective actions
Recommended corrective actions
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Employee training
Preventive maintenance activities
Better job procedures
Hazard recognition and reporting
Engineering or administrative changes
Completed Report
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Completed and by
investigator
Reviewed by
employee and their
supervisor
Forwarded to
management and
the Agency Safety
Coordinator
Key Points to Remember
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Accident investigations prevent other accidents
Investigate accidents immediately
Gather all the facts
Interview witnesses one at a time
Record detailed description
Determine causal factors
Conduct corrective actions
Accident review between injured worker and their
supervisor
Reports sent to Agency Safety Coordinator
Accident Investigation
State of Florida
Loss Prevention Program

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