The Foundation and Geography of Rome

Report
THE FOUNDATION AND
GEOGRAPHY OF ROME
ROMAN LOCATION
Small
Italian city-
state
Central on Italian
peninsula
Influence of Rivers
Northern Alps
Mediterranean Sea
FORMING ROME…
 Myth
of Romulus and Remus
 Latins move onto peninsula around 800 BC
and establish Rome as a town…
 Greek Influence = trade, technology, crops,
alphabet, culture
 Etruscan Influence = arch, army
 Patricians expelled the Etruscans (ruled
under King Tarquin) = established the
Roman Republic in 509 BC!
ROMULUS AND REMUS
WAR AND CONQUEST
Rome surrounded = conquers Latin states in 338 BC,
by 264 BC overtakes the Greeks and Etruscans
 Latin's allowed full citizenship
 Roman Confederation = allowed to rule locally, but
must give Rome soldiers
 SUCCESS? = good diplomats, great military (with
great infrastructure), practical in sense of law and
government … incorporation of conquered peoples –
they “buy into” Rome!

FEATURES OF CITIZENSHIP
 Patricians
= wealthy land owners
 Plebian Men = merchants, farmers,
artisans
 Selected foreigners allowed to become
citizens to promote loyalty to Rome
 Taxes and Military Service = Roman
Citizens’ Duties
 Rome develops into a representative
democracy over time…
ROMAN REPUBLIC
Senate – 300 members
 Centuriate Assembly
 Consuls – 2 elected members
 Plebian Assembly and Tribunes
 Twelve Tables
 Law of Nations
 Slavery in Rome

ROMAN EXPANSION
Rome
moves toward an empire…
3 Punic Wars
 Competition
for trade
 2nd War with Hannibal
 Roman victory = Carthage destroyed
133
BC – Spain to Asia
 Mediterranean
basin
 Western Europe (Gaul, British Isles)

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