Welcome to The Buzz! Carleton College New Student Week September 11, 2013 Presenters: Patrick Gordon, MA, Area Director & Drew Weis, PhD, LP, SHAC Counselor Fear-Based Programs don’t work, but… They can be good for a laugh… What about Abstinence Programs… How successful are abstinence programs like D.A.R.E.? In its first 20 years, 11 rigorous studies were conducted on D.A.R.E. Per West & O’Neil (2004) how many of those rigorous studies found that D.A.R.E. reduced highrisk substance use? A. 11 out of 11 [Default] B. 7 out of 11 [MC Any] [MC All] C. 3 out of 11 D. 0 out of 11 What does work? Education – Harm-reduction (to a degree) Bystander intervention Consistently enforced policy Let’s… Work smart, play smart! Play Smart: Know the Law The legal drinking age in Minnesota is… 21 Know the Law Under age 21 and consuming alcohol on or off campus: - Mandatory minimum fine is $100… Northfield’s Social Host Ordinance: Residents of a location in which a minor (under age 21) is served alcohol can be fined up to $1000 and could serve up to 90 days in jail New Law: ? New “Bystander Intervention” Law If someone calls for help for self or another student, cooperates with responders, and provides ID… No underage ticket will be given. (New MN Law as of August 1, 2013) Know the Community Standards 1. Go to go.carleton.edu/handbook 2. Select 2nd link: “Health and Safety” 3. Select “Alcohol & Other Drugs Policy” Some key points to remember: Alcohol is not allowed in public spaces Alcohol must be in single-serving containers Limit of 5 guests per resident in your room. Hard alcohol and multiple-serving containers must be registered and served by a college-approved 3rdparty vendor High-risk alcohol-related activities (e.g., progressives, drinking games, drinking-themed parties, beer bongs) are PROHIBITED. Any Items used for illegal drugs of the will be confiscated and not returned. Know the ReDD Flags Repeated Dangerous Disruptive Flagrant What do Carls have to say when asked, “What do you wish you knew your first year? “I wish I’d known” Video 1 What Is A Standard Drink? 12 oz. beer 10 oz. microbrew 10 oz. wine cooler 8 oz. malt liquor 8 oz. ice beer 8 oz. Canadian beer 6 oz. ice malt liquor 4-5 oz. wine 2 ½ oz. fortified wine 1 ½ oz. 80 proof hard alcohol 1 oz. 100 proof hard alcohol Let’s Pour a Few… Can you Pour a Standard Drink? Game BAC (Blood Alcohol Content) and Intoxication are influenced by many factors • Genetics • Sex characteristics • Weight • Fatigue • Medication • Hydration • Illness • Stomach contents (e.g., food, sugar) • Type of drink • Drinking rate • Altitude • Expectancies • Tolerance • Other drugs Effects by BAC level BAC of .02%: Feeling relaxed (about 1 standard drink in < 1hr) BAC of .04%: Relaxation continues, buzz develops (about 2 standard drinks in < 1 hr) BAC of .05%: most people’s “sweet spot” (about 2 standard drinks in < 1 hr, and 1 standard drink per hour after that) Know the Numbers: BAC BAC of .06%: Cognitive judgment is impaired BAC of .08%: Motor control is impaired, Nausea can appear BAC of .10%: Obvious deterioration of motor control and cognitive judgment BAC of .15% to .25%: Black outs BAC of .25% to .35%: Lose consciousness, Passed out/ Non-responsive, RISK of DEATH Difficulty breathing? Skin feels cool? Skin is pale or blue? BAC of .40% to .45%: Typically a LETHAL DOSE Know the Numbers: BAC The trick with BAC is that many factors influence it, for example, sex characteristics… 160 lb (72 kg) male-bodied student (MBS) 120 lb (54 kg) female-bodied student (FBS) Both have 5 standard drinks over 3 hours If all other factors are constant, what BAC will each obtain after those 3 hours? Know the Numbers: BAC 160 lb male-bodied student (72 kg) .069% BAC (judgment impaired) 120 lb female-bodied student (54 kg) .139% BAC (judgment & motor control obviously impaired, close to blacking out) Can you know Your Numbers? BAC tables, wallet cards, and apps typically consider only sex, weight, and drinking duration, so they offer only very rough approximations Android App: AlcoDroid iPhone App: BAC Alcohol Calculator Play Smart: Tolerance Classical Conditioning Theory (e.g., Pavlov’s dogs) Play Smart: Tolerance Classical Conditioning Theory Early models of drug tolerance assumed that the body built up a resistance to the effects of a drug Siegel & Ramos (2002) were the first to show that classical conditioning serves as a better model Tolerance: Classical Conditioning Tolerance: Classical Conditioning Tolerance: Classical Conditioning Tolerance: Classical Conditioning Tolerance: Classical Conditioning What do Carls have to say when asked, “What do you wish you knew your first year? “I wish I’d known” Video 2 Know your limits: The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has identified the number of drinks most associated with negative consequences physically ill accidental self-injury overdose requiring medical intervention involved in property damage or personal violence For female-bodied students, what are the CDC cutoffs for high-risk drinking in one episode? A. B. C. D. [Default] [MC Any] [MC All] 3 or more drinks 4 or more drinks 5 or more drinks 6 or more drinks For male-bodied students, what are the CDC cutoffs for high-risk drinking in one episode? A. B. C. D. [Default] [MC Any] [MC All] 3 or more drinks 4 or more drinks 5 or more drinks 6 or more drinks Current Alcohol Use Carleton College Students (Past 30 days) All student 100 Percent 80 78.4 77.1 2010 2011 60 40 20 0 High-Risk Drinking Carleton College Students (Past 2 weeks) All student 100 Percent 80 60 40 46.2 43.2 2010 2011 20 0 Ages 21 to 23 are the peak years for engaging in high-risk drinking Top Harm Reduction Strategies… Avoid situations where heavy drinking is likely to occur (42%, MyStudentBody.com – Class of ‘17)) Hang out with those who don’t drink or don’t drink excessively (58%, MSB ‘17) Eat before and/or while drinking (71%, MSB ‘17) Track how many drinks you’ve had (75%, MSB ‘17) Stay with the same group of friends while drinking (84%, ACHA) Determine how you will get home before starting out (91%, MSB ‘17) Factors that protect against high-risk drinking Close friendships, especially with students who drink responsibly or not at all Effective stress management Limited access to hard liquor and large volumes of alcohol (e.g., handles, kegs, etc) What do Carls have to say when asked, “What do you wish you knew your first year? “I wish I’d known” Video 3 Carls Help Carls And that’s the spirit of Bystander Intervention And, per MyStudentBody.com, many of you have already helped your friends… Intervening with someone who is rude or aggressive(43%) Seeking help when you see dangerous behavior (55%) Assisting in an alcohol-related medical emergency (69%) Telling friends when they’ve had too much (70%) Helping a friend who may have a drinking problem (91%) What if your friend is “scary drunk”? DO NOT… Give them any medication or caffeine Try to keep them awake Give them a cold shower Induce vomiting Carls help Carls! What if your friend is scary drunk? DO… Assess the situation Get help (an RA is a good first choice) Keep the person on his/her side to avoid choking on vomit Call Security Services (507-222-4444) if it’s a medical emergency or the student is unresponsive Forgot to take notes on that last part? Your Lagniappe provides a more detailed list of do’s and don’ts on the final page if you are concerned about a drunk person What’s the take-home message with all of this? Be well informed. Be smart. (Work smart, play smart!) Take care of yourself and each other. Have fun in lots of different ways. You can even invent your own fun, just ask Austin Hall ‘10… Did you know that a Carl invented Daft Hands? Austin Hall (Class of ‘10) Originator of Daft Hands Filmed on the Ellen DeGeneres Show FUN! That’s just one of many ways Carls have fun without high-risk drinking. Know your Resources Residential Life Security Services Dean of Students Office Student Health and Counseling (SHAC) Know your Peer Leaders New Student Week Leaders Resident Assistants (RAs) OIIL Peer Leaders (OPLs) Gender and Sexuality Center Associates (GSAs) Career Advisors (CAs) Chaplain’s Associates (also CAs) TRIO/SSS Peer Leaders CCCE Student Coordinators (SCs) Student Activities Programming Board (SAPB) Student Wellness Advocates (SWAs) Student Wellness Advocates SWAs provide campus programs on Physical Health Substance Use Mental Health Sexual Health SWA program sponsored by SHAC (Student Health and Counseling) Ask your RA to request a SWA program! Your SWAs KnightLife Events are an inclusive space. Anyone is welcome, regardless of typical drinking habits, as long as you respect everyone in attendance. Stop by the KnightLife table at the Student Organization Fair on Friday, September 20th Thank You!