AP_115th_Day_Feb_28_2013 - Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
February 28, 2013
A/A.P. U.S. History
Mr. Green
Explain the following:
Gentlemen’s Agreement
Federal Reserve Act of 1913
Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
Emilio Aguinaldo
14 points
Students will be able to describe to what extent
government can effect change by analyzing
the impact of the Progressive movement on
American society
When I say I believe in a square deal I do not
mean…to give every man the best hand. If
the cards do not come to any man, or if they
do come, and he has not got the power to
play them, that is his affair. All I mean is that
there shall be no crookedness in the dealing
TR, 1905
Objectives: Students will:
Discuss the origin, leadership, and goals of progressivism.
Describe how the early progressive movement developed at the
local and state level and spread to become a national movement.
Describe the major role that women played in progressive social
reform, and explain why progressivism meshed with many goals of the
women’s movement.
Tell how President Roosevelt began applying progressive principles
to the national economy, including his attention to conservation and
consumer protection.
Explain why Taft’s policies offended progressives, including
Describe how Roosevelt led a progressive revolt against Taft that
openly divided the Republican party.
AP Focus
Corporate abuses and the government’s attempt at patchwork
reforms—Reform is an AP theme—over the previous decades convince
progressives that stronger action is needed.
Legislation had been passed to protect the American worker,
though widespread abuse continues, sparking strikes. One of the most
important is the Anthracite Coal Strike, and it is significant because the
federal government does not instinctively take the side of management.
The strong progressive movement
successfully demanded that the powers of
government be applied to solving the economic
and social problems of industrialization.
Progressivism first gained strength at the city
and state level, and then achieved national
influence in the moderately progressive
administrations of Theodore Roosevelt.
Roosevelt’s hand-picked successor, William
H. Taft, aligned himself with the Republican Old
Guard, causing Roosevelt to break away and lead
a progressive third-party crusade.
5QQ-Multiple Choice Style on Friday
Debate Resume Due on Friday for A Course
Debate Resume Due on Monday for APUSH
Europe threatened to throw out all American
The Jungle highlighted the appalling conditions
of food, even though the book was to show
plight of workers
Meat Inspection Act of 1906-meat shipped
across states would be inspected
Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
Desert Land Act of 1877-government sold cheap arid
land. Land had to be irrigated in 3 years
Forest Reserve Act of 1891-President can set aside
public forests as national parks
Carey Act of 1894-distributed federal land to states.
Land had to be irrigated and settled
Newlands Act of 1902-money from sale of public lands
in the West to use for irrigation projects
Many organizations spun off: Boys Scouts of America,
Audubon Society, Sierra Club
The independent contractor were shouldered aside as
corporations had the capacity to work with the federal
Explain the struggle between preservationists and
Financial world blamed TR for the panic due to
his “meddling “ polices/decisions
Fiscal Reforms as a result
Aldrich-Vreeland Act: authorized national
banks to issue emergency currency backed by
various kinds of collateral
Election of 1908
Democrats-William Jennings Bryan
Republicans-William Howard Taft
321-162: Electoral College went to Taft
7,675,320 to 6,412,294 popular vote
Socialists received 420,793 votes for Eugene V.
Roosevelt’s impact
enlarged the power/prestige of the Presidency
big stick of publicity
shaped the progressive movement
Square Deal grandfather to New Deal
Dollar diplomacy
Manchurian railroad scheme
American/Foreign investors buy the railroad
and liquidate it China-Japan/Russia rejected
Wall Street invested in Honduras/Haiti to keep
out foreign funds
U.S. military intervened to protect investments
Taft brought 90 suits in 4 years
Roosevelt brought 44 in 7.5 years
Taft challenged a U.S. Steel merger that
Roosevelt was personally involved in
Explain how William Howard Taft split the
Republican Party by describing the BallingerPinchot quarrel that erupted in 1910.
Read Chapter 28
Prepare for 5 question quiz on Friday-A Course

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