PowerPoint Template

Report
Innovation Survey
in
Manufacturing Industry
Presented in:
Innovation Session
2011 South East Asian Regional Workshop
On Science, Technology, and Innovation Indicators
Hanoi, Vietnam, December 5-8, 2011
Rizka Rahmaida
Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
Center for Science and Technology Development Studies (PAPPIPTEK)
Information
Innovation
Acivities
Manufacturing
Industry
To provide information regarding activities of
the innovation surveys conducted in
Indonesia and the description of the
innovation activities in manufacturing sector
in Indonesia
CONTENTS
1
Purposes of The Survey
2
Survey Techniques and Methods
3
5
Main Results
4
Problems in Conducting Survey
5
Our Future Plans
1
Purposes of
The Survey
PURPOSES
Planning and
evaluation of S&T
Conducting initial analysis to the
innovation activities and their
implication to the manufacturing sector
Obtaining data and
information about
innovation activities
SURVEY ROUNDS
Second Survey
(2006)
• Census Survey in Java
and Sumatera Area only.
• Survey in all
Indonesian regions
• Data collected with
R&D survey (combined
in questionnaire)
• Census survey for large
scale companies, and
proportional sampling
for medium scale
companies
First Survey
(2000)
• Data collected with
R&D survey (combined
in questionnaire)
• Sampling survey in
innovative companies
with proportional
sampling frame based
on provincial and
industry groups (ISIC)
• Survey conducted
separately from R&D
Survey
Third Survey
(2009)
Survey
Techniques
and Methods
COVERAGE
27,000
companies
Stratified Random
Sampling
ISIC
Firm Scale
Provincies
15
Medium
Scale
Java Island
(6 provincies)
37
to
Large
Scale
North
Sumatera
Based on Innovation Survey in Manufacturing Industry, 2009
90% of population
OUR GUDELINES
Types of
Innovation:
Product
Process
Based on Innovation Survey in Manufacturing Industry, 2009
DATA COLLECTION
In-person interview
1,500 samples
1,341 responds
Respond rate: 89.4%
Based on Innovation Survey in Manufacturing Industry, 2009
Main Results
INNOVATION ACTIVITY
Types of Innovation Activity
Product
13%
Product
&
Process
68%
Distribution of innovation activity based on innovation output
Process
19%
75%
67%
53%
Most firms (68%)
applied both types of
innovation
54%
27%
Goods
Services
Product Innovation
Methods of
manufacturing
Logistics/derlivery Supporting activity
or distribution
methods
Process Innovation
Based on Innovation Survey in Manufacturing Industry, 2009
INNOVATION ACTOR
Product
Process
Together with
other firm/org
7%
Together
with other
firm/org
11%
Mainly your
plant in your
firm
84%
Mainly other
firm/org
5%
Mainly your
plant in your
firm
89%
Both in Product and Process innovation, companies mostly
performed their innovation activities on their own firms
This indicated low collaboration and entrust in performing
innovation activities
Based on Innovation Survey in Manufacturing Industry, 2009
Mainly other
firm/org
3%
INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION’S SOURCE
Scientific journals and
trade/technical publication
0.80
Sales and marketing staff
Internet
Production Staff
0.70
Investors
0.60
0.50
Management staff
Industry assosiation
0.40
0.30
Research and development
(R&D) staff
0.20
Conference, trade fairs,
exibitions
0.10
Other plants or research and
development (R&D)…
0.00
Experience risk taker or
enterpreneur
Private non profit research
laboratories
Clients or customers
Suppliers of equipment,
materials, components, or…
Colleges/technical institutes
Competitors or other firms in
your sector
Federal Government Research
laboratories
Universities or other higher
Consultants
education institutions
Commercial labs/R&D firm
Based on Innovation Survey in Manufacturing Industry, 2009
IMPACTS OF INNOVATION
Met regulatory requirements
Improved quality of goods or
0.80
Improved health and safety
services
0.70
Increased range of goods or
Meningkatnya taraf kesehatan
services
dan keselamatan kerja
0.60
Increased the speed of
supplying and/or delivering…
0.50
0.40
Increased market share
0.30
0.20
Improved flexibility of
production or service…
Allowed expansion to new
markets
0.10
0.00
Increased capability of
production or service…
Increased the plant’s
profitability
Reduced labour costs per unit
output
Allowed plant to maintain its
profit margins
Met requirements of existing
clients
Increased the plant’s
Allowed the plant to keep up
productivity
with its competitors
Allowed plant’s expansion
Improved the quality of jobs
Based on Innovation Survey in Manufacturing Industry, 2009
INNOVATION’S OBSTACLES
Inability to devote staffto
innovation project on an ongoing basis because of… Difficulty in finding
Market dominated by
0.8
cooperation partners for
established firm
innovation
0.7
Uncertain demand for
Lack of information on
0.6
innovation goods or services
technology
0.5
Lack of finance from sources
0.4
Insuffient marketing effort
outside your plant for
innovation
0.3
0.2
Risk related to the feasibility
of the innovation project
0.1
Lack of knowledge of market
0
Lack of qualified personel to
work on innovation project
Inappropriate targeting
Lack of customer acceptance
Lack of industry-wide
standard
Lack of government standard
and regulation
Innovation cost is too high
Lack of funds within your
plant or your firm for
innovation
Innnappropriate packaging
Based on Innovation Survey in Manufacturing Industry, 2009
Our Problems
and
Future Plans
PROBLEMS IN CONDUCTING SURVEY
Manufacturing Industry Sector
• Weakness of the survey method.
• Database industries are incomplete and
inadequate,
• Respondents' lack of knowledge about
concepts and types innovation,
• Limited access to obtain information
from the Company.
OUR FUTURE PLANS
To conduct the survey
biannually
To develop database of
industrial manufacture
To conduct in-depth
studies
TIMELINE OF THE FULL PROCESS
Thank You
Indonesian Institute of Sciences
(LIPI)
Center for Science and Technology Development Studies
(PAPPIPTEK)

similar documents