9/22/2014 Do Now – 9/22/2014 In your notebooks, explain in 1-2 sentences what theme is. Then, provide an example. Agenda • Do Now • Share out • Themes in literature • TKAM Theme - Partner Work • Chapter 2 THEME What is a Theme? Theme: what the story teaches readers about life or human nature. A theme is not a word, it is a sentence. Examples Money can’t buy happiness. Don’t judge people based on the surface. It is better to die free than live under tyranny. COMMON THEMES IN LITERATURE 1. How is justice decided? 2. How do we know who we really are? 3. Where do we fit into society? 4. What does it mean to be a hero or antihero? Anti hero is a main character who has the goals of a hero, but has different morals. 5. What does it mean to be a “survivor?” 7. How do I deal with loneliness and despair? 8. What does tomorrow’s world hold for us? 9. How do we deal with all different types of love? • Friend Love • Self-centered love • Love of Country • Game-Playing • Admiration • Unrequited love • Possessiveness • Godly love • Physical Love • Familial love • Romance • Infatuation • Logical Type Love • Jealousy 10. Where do we find the strength to be brave/courageous in tough circumstances? TKAM THEMES With the person next to you… • Work with a partner sitting next to you to identify what you think will be one of the major themes from the book. • Write your answers on the construction paper provided. • Do not move your seats. • You may not work alone. • Be sure to support your claims with one piece of textual evidence (with page number!) For example: Bravery means standing up for what you believe in, even if it means negative consequences. For example: The two men who refuse to plead guilty to a lesser charge. Share Out TKAM CHAPTER 2 Homework • Read Chapter 2 and come up with one question per page of reading! • Chapter 2 is 8 pages. • 8 pages = 8 questions. 9/23/2014 Do Now – 9/23/2014 In your notebooks, answer this question in 3-5 sentences: What does the conversation with Ms. Caroline and Walter say about Ms. Caroline? What is the purpose of her character? Agenda • Do Now • Share out • Words of the Wiser • Practice • Chapter 3 • Homework STOP, NOTICE AND NOTE SIGNPOSTS - READING ON THE ROAD What is this? • A signpost – an object or idea that helps you know where you’re going or what you should be doing while on the route. • Think of reading a novel as something similar to being on a road. • The author has already paved the road for you, but it is up to you to read the signs to figure out where you should go and what you should do. SIGNPOST #1 – WORDS OF THE WISER Words of the Wiser Stop and Notice and Note Words of the Wiser • When you’re reading and a character (who is probably older and a lot wiser) takes the main character aside and gives serious advice, you should ask yourself: • What’s the life lesson, and how might it affect the character? • Whatever the lesson is, you’ve just found a theme. For Example… on the sheet… How might this affect the character? If Hazel takes it into consideration, she will learn that there was meaning to Gus’ existence, and that our lives and our energy helps to create new energy and life. Part I – Van Houten: All cells come from cells. Every cell is born of a previous cell, which was born of a previous cell. Life comes from life. Life begets life begets life begets life…” (276) Now You… 4 minutes… • Read the 2nd part on the back of the sheet… • As you read the second part of the excerpt, jot down an answer to this question on the side of your paper: How might this advice affect the character? TKAM CHAPTER 3 Chapter 3 Reading • As we read, write down the words of the wiser on the sheet provided. • That’s your homework, as well. Homework • Read the rest of Chapter 3 and come up with one question per page of reading! 9/24/2014 Do Now – 9/24/2014 • Do you think bending the law is fair in some cases? • Why do you think Atticus says this to Scout about Burris Ewell? Agenda • Do Now • Share out • Characterization • Characterization and Words of the Wiser • Chapter 4 • Homework LEARNING ABOUT CHARACTERS Direct and Indirect Characterization Direct Characterization • direct characterization: the author or narrator makes direct statements about a character’s traits. The author tells us about the character’s personality to our face. • TELLING • Example: • “The patient boy and quiet girl were both well mannered and did not disobey their mother.” • Explanation: The boy is “patient” and the girl is “quiet.” Indirect Characterization • Indirect characterization: the author or narrator reveals a character’s traits through his or her actions and speech. • SHOWING • When Jane walked in the room, nobody could help but look at her stunning, gorgeous face. She commanded attention wherever she went due to her good looks. • Jane is beautiful. • Jim was very unlike any other businessman. He made sure that all his clients got what they had paid for. • Jim is honest and hardworking. STEAL THOSE TRAITS! STEAL METHOD • SPEECH - What does the character say? How does the character speak? • THOUGHTS - What is revealed through the character’s private thoughts and feelings? • EFFECTS - What is revealed through the character’s effect on other people? How do other characters feel or behave in reaction to the character? • ACTIONS - What does the character do? How does the character behave? • LOOKS - What does the character look like? How does the character dress? PRACTICE On your worksheet… Passage I "Which one is the boy with the reddish brown hair?" I asked. "That's Edward. He's gorgeous, of course, but don't waste your time. He doesn't date. Apparently none of the girls here are good looking enough for him. - pg 22 Type of characterization of Edward? – Direct (and indirect) Proof? Direct: “Reddish brown hair,” Indirect: He’s picky and choosy about who he dates. Reading and watching… • Go through the second example from Gatsby on your worksheet with your partner and decide whether or not it is direct or indirect characterization. • Then, we’ll watch a video and you’ll do the same. • Make sure you provide the WHY. • https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=mWBWnJM HEs8&safe=active TKAM CHAPTER 4 As we read through Chapter 4… • Pick ONE character from the book and fill out the STEAL chart with examples from the text. • That is also your homework. 9/25/2014 Do Now – 9/25/2014 • What do you make of the last few lines of Chapter 4? (LOOK IN YOUR BOOKS!) • Please identify who you think the person is and how that might change our understanding of that character. Agenda • Do Now • Share out • Types of Conflict • Chapter 5 • Homework TYPES OF CONFLICT Conflict: A struggle between opposing forces Characters in conflict form the basis for novels, short stories, and plays. EXTERNAL There are four types of external conflict External Person vs. Person The protagonist fights directly against another character with apparently opposing aims. External Person vs. Nature This type of conflict pits a story's main character or characters against a natural force such as a flood, predatory animal, or disease epidemic. External Person Against Society In many stories, the protagonist battles an unjust element of government or culture. External Person vs. Unknown • Is considered an External Conflict but usually prompts an Internal Conflict by raising questions • This conflict encompasses: • Man vs. Supernatural • Man vs. God • Usually prompts Man vs. Self conflict of either fear or indecisiveness. INTERNAL Internal Person vs. Self Character struggles to overcome fear, addiction, emotional damage or other crippling personal issue. PRACTICE – ON THE WORKSHEET PROVIDED Example #1 • Let’s look at page 6, and Scout’s description of her fight with Calpurnia: • “… our battles were epic and one- sided. Calpurnia always won, mainly because Atticus always took her side” (Lee 6) • Step 1. What kind of conflict? • Person vs. Person • Step 2. Impact on the story? • Calpurnia is set up as a person who checks Scout’s behavior, acts as a mother figure, and disciplines her. Calpurnia is someone very important to Scout and her family. CONFLICT IN TKAM TKAM Chapter 5 • As we read, think of other types of conflict we might encounter. • For homework, please fill out the rest of the conflict sheet of conflicts that we have seen so far. • You may refer to other chapters. TKAM Quiz • Quiz on chapters 1-5 tomorrow. • This is not your typical multiple choice quiz! • You will be able to use your book. • Review your notes from class this week. 9/26/2014 Do Now • Take FOUR minutes to look over your notes from this week. • You will be able to use your book for this quiz. TKAM Quiz • Please answer all five questions. • Each question is worth four points. • Make sure you answer in complete sentences. • Partial sentences and partial answers will get partial credit. • You will have the entire period – please use the time wisely! START TO READ CHAPTER 6 I will give you your homework for Monday.