Balanced Literacy: An Overview

Report
Using the Learners’ Talents
in Balanced Literacy
Language Arts K - 3
Governor’s Urban Academy
at Muhlenberg College
June 23 - 28, 2002
Dr. Margaret L. Benson
The Pennsylvania
Standards
1.2 Reading Critically in All Content Areas
1.3 Reading, Analyzing and Interpreting
Literature
1.5 Quality of Writing
1.8 Research
Traditional View of
Intelligence
 Verbal-Linguistic &
Math-Logical
 Binet-Simon
Intelligence Scale
 Stanford-Binet
Intelligence Test
 mental age/chron. Age
 times 100
 WISC
Multiple Intelligences
Howard Gardner
 Brain research
 Theory in progress
 Frames of the Mind
(1983)
 Probe beyond the
traditional
What Type
of Learner Are You?
As a child
 Favorites outside school
 Favorite subject in school
 Favorite teacher - because
 You were intelligent in _____
 School would have been
better if __________
 You decided you wanted to
be a teacher because _______
Eight+ Ways
of Being Smart
 Verbal-Linguistic
 Musical
 Math-Logical
 Interpersonal
 Spatial
 Intrapersonal
 Bodily-Kinesthetic
 Naturalist
Spatial
 Strong in:
 maps, puzzles
 Likes to:
 design, create, looks
at pictures
 Learns best through:
 visualizing
 Famous examples:
 Pablo Picasso
 Frank Lloyd Wright
Bodily-Kinesthetic
 Strong in:
 acting,
 Likes to:
 move around, touch and
feel
 Learns best through:
 touching, processing
through senses
 Famous examples:
 Charlie Chaplin
 Martina Navratilova
Musical
 Strong in:
 singing, rhythms
 Likes to:
 sing, hum, listen to music
 Learns best
through:
 rhythm, melody
 Famous examples:
 Leonard Bernstein
 Ella Fitzgerald
Intrapersonal
 Strong in:
 understanding self, setting
goals
 Likes to:
 work alone, reflect
 Learns best through:
 doing self-paced projects
 having own space
 Famous examples:
 Eleanor Roosevelt
 Sigmund Freud
Using the Learners’
Talents
 Pennsylvania Standards
 Multiple Intelligences
 Balanced Literacy
Balanced Literacy
Six Aspects
Ownership of Literacy
Reading Comp.
(Reader’s Workshop)
Writing Process
(Writers’ Workshop)
Language and Vocabulary Knowledge
Word Reading and Spelling Strategies
Voluntary Reading
(Au, Carroll, & Scheu, p. 4)
Balanced Literacy
Six Aspects of Literacy
 Full process
 Authentic context
 Reading and writing
 Speaking and listening
 Community of learners
Balanced Literacy
Positive Attitudes towards Literacy
 Part of their daily routine
 Affective side as important as cognitive
 Accomplishment of real-world tasks
 The will as well as the skill
 Responsibility for their own learning
 Control over their lives in school
 Teacher’s responsibility to guide
Balanced Literacy
Reader Response Theory
Louise Rosenblatt
 Transaction between reader and text
 Aesthetic
 reading for the sake of reading
 attention on what she/he is living while
reading
 Efferent
 what should be retained
Balanced Literacy
Lev Vygotsky:
 Guided and paced by a
more capable person
(Zone of Proximal
Development - ZPD)
 Enable the child to
actively participate
 Support from someone
who knows the child
Balanced Literacy
Practical Implications
 Use heterogeneous grouping
 Give students choices of the texts
they will read and discuss
 Base discussions on students’
responses to the text, not preset
teacher questions
 Take the role of a facilitator rather
than question-asker
Balanced Literacy
Writing
 Construct meaning
 Communicate a message
 Choose self-selected topics
 See themselves as authors
 Dynamic, nonlinear process
Balanced Literacy
Writing
 Shared Writing
 Interactive
Writing
 Guided Writing
 Independent
Writing
Balanced Literacy
Writing Process
Planning
Drafting
Revising
Editing
Publishing
Balanced Literacy
Reading
 Read-Aloud
 Guided Reading
 Shared Reading
 Independent
Reading
Balanced Literacy
Continuum of Reading Strategies
Teacher Read Alouds
Sustained Silent Reading
Literature Discussion Groups
Guided Discussion
Guided Reading
Shared Reading
K
1
2
3
4
5
6
(Au, Carrol, Scheu, p. 79)
Balanced Literacy
Writing
Reading
 Shared Writing
 Read-Aloud
 Interactive
 Guided Reading
Writing
 Guided Writing
 Independent
Writing
 Shared Reading
 Independent
Reading

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