CScope Unit 2 - Laredo Independent School District

Report
Key Academic
Vocabulary
Sentence Structure
listening
paying attention to what
you hear
sensory language/
imagery
The descriptive language an
author uses to create word
pictures for the reader.
Sensory words are descriptions
of the five senses – sight, sound,
touch, smell and taste.
figurative language
language layered with meaning
by word images and figures of
speech, as opposed to literal
language
personification
figurative language in which a
nonhuman subject is given
human characteristics
Example: The leaves danced in the wind.
simile
a comparison of two things
that are essentially
different, usually using
the words like or as
Example: He is as happy as a clam.
metaphor
a subtle comparison in which
the author describes a person
or thing using words that are
not meant to be taken
literally
Example: The streets were a furnace under the hot sun.
Hyperbole
Hyperbole is an exaggeration
or overstatement for effect.
Example: I had so much homework, I needed a
pickup truck to carry all my books home.
symbol
A concrete thing such as a
person, place, or object—that
stands for something more than
just itself.
For example:
A heart symbolizes ____________
A dove symbolizes ____________
idiom
an expression that has a
different meaning from
the literal meaning of its
individual words; cannot
be translated literally
Example: The TAKS test was a piece of cake.
adages
a short but memorable
saying that holds some
important fact that is
considered true by many
people
Example: Don’t judge a book by its cover.
Devices of Sound
Onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia is the use of
words that imitate sounds.
Example: sizzle, hiss, bang, boom
Alliteration
Alliteration is the repetition
of initial consonant sounds
in words.
Example: She sells sea shells by the seashore.
Assonance
Assonance is the repetition of
similar vowel sounds
And in the air the fireflies,
Example: Our only light in paradise
Consonance
Similar to alliteration except:
in consonance the repetition of
the consonant sound can be
anywhere in the word
Example: “silken, sad, uncertain, rustling”
poetry
Poetry is written in sets of lines.
Often poems have rhythm and
rhyme. The writer may want to
express feelings about something,
describe something, or simply
entertain readers.
*Types of poetry include: narrative,
humorous, lyrical and free verse
stanza
A stanza is a unit within a
larger poem.
A stanza consists of a grouping
of lines, set off by a space,
that usually has a set pattern
of meter and rhyme.
couplet
Stanzas can be given a specific name
depending on their structure and
rhyme pattern.
A couplet is a poem made of
two lines whose last words
rhyme.
Example: The cat ate a mouse, then brought it to the house.
rhyme
words that sound alike
because they share the
same ending vowel and
consonant sounds
Examples: Mop up that slop!!
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyming
lines
Example: ABAB, ABBA, etc…
meter
the basic rhythmic
structure in verse, made
up of stressed and
unstressed syllables
graphical elements
capital letters, line
length…; also called shape
of the poem
llullaby
A soothing song, usually
sung to children before
they go to sleep

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