Legal aspects of RS. Applications on Earth and other

An Overview of Legal
Aspects related to
Remote Sensing
Cynthia Jimenez Monroy
UN/Russian Federation/ European Space Agency Workshop
on Use of Micro-Satellite Technologies for Environmental
Monitoring and Impact to human Health.
Moscow, Russia
Flow of the presentation
International space law regime
 UN Principles
 Remote Sensing Principles
 Frequent questions about legal aspects of
 PhD Project
 Conclusions
International space law regime
United Nations Treaties
Outer Space Treaty
Registration Convention
Liability Convention
Moon Agreement
Rescue of Astronauts Agreement
Principles and declarations
Principles adopted by the General Assembly
Declaration of Legal Principles Governing
Space Activities.
Broadcasting Principles
Remote Sensing (RS) Principles
Nuclear Power Sources Principles
Declaration on International Cooperation
Remote sensing activities
Principles Relating to Remote Sensing of
the Earth from Outer Space. (1986)
1. Legality of remote sensing activities
2. Main purposes of RS: natural resources
management, land use, protection of the
Earth’s natural environment (Principle I
(a), Principle X) and protection of mankind
from natural disasters (Principle XI) = SD
Frequent questions about legal
aspects of RS
1. Does the sensing State need to inform
the sensed State when is sensed its
 Is it legal that sensing States take pictures
of other countries without their consent?
Answer 1
The sensing State does not need prior
consent from the sensed State. Freedom
of observation is inferred from the RS
Principles and the OST by some experts.
 Permanent sovereignty over wealth and
national resources (Principle IV)
Frequent questions about legal
aspects of RS
2. In the role of sensed State: can I ask to
the sensing State for data concerning my
territory? Is it legal that information
concerning my territory is at the disposal
of third parties?
Answer 2
Yes, the sensed State shall have access to
information concerning its territory on a non
discriminatory basis and on reasonable cost
terms (Principle XII)
Freedom of dissemination of information
Data policy
National regulations. Restrictions on access to
some data, for instance: VHR imageries
Frequent questions about legal
aspects of RS
 High
cost of space activities.
3. How developing countries could
Answer 3
International cooperation in RS activities
 International and regional agreements
 Examples of international cooperation:
CEOS, IGOS, The International Charter
for Natural Disasters
PhD Project
Minisatellite constellation for RS
applications (Faster, Cheaper, Better)
 Regional agreement
 Reaching solutions to regional problems
 Effective use of Outer Space
1. There is an international legal
framework for space activities (5 Treaties
& 5 Principles)
 2.Principles of RS= legality of RS activities
 3. Regional cooperation is crucial for Latin
American countries to perform long term
space projects in order to solve common
 Thank
[email protected]

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