12-The Civil War

Report
Warm- up: The Civil War
Number you paper 1-6 and answer all questions.
1. Define sectionalism – (look in journal if you
have trouble)
2. Name the two sides that fought during the
Civil War.
3. Who was the general for the North?
4. Who was the general for the South?
5. Who was the President during the Civil War?
6. Who won the Civil War?
Warm- up: The Civil War
Number you paper 1-6 and answer all questions.
1. Define sectionalism – loyalty to a region
2. Name the two sides that fought during the Civil
War. North (Union) & South (Confederacy)
3. Who was the general for the North? U.S. Grant
4. Who was the general for the South? Robert E.
Lee
5. Who was the President during the Civil War?
President Lincoln
6. Who won the Civil War? The North (Union)
Civil War Basics - Quiz
1. Define Sectionalism:
2. President during Civil War:
3. Create the chart below. Fill in the blanks.
North
South
Also called: (write answer)
Also called: (write answer)
General: (write answer)
General: (write answer)
Winner or loser: (choose one) Winner or loser: (choose one)
Anthem/Song:
Anthem/song:
I CAN EXPLAIN THE CAUSES OF THE
CIVIL WAR
Warm-up: Copy slide
Sectionalism
1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War
• Loyalty to local interests (region)
• Northern – manufacturing & commerce
(Capital was invested in transportation & manufacturing)
• Southern – cash crop agriculture
(Capital was invested in slaves & overseas markets)
• Western – cheap land for expansion & good
transportation to keep in touch with eastern
businesses
Discussion Question #1
Transportation: ___________ ::
Slaves : South
Discussion Question #2
Which set of graphics correctly lists the political and
military leaders of the Civil War?
A.
Union
President: Abraham Lincoln
Major General: Ulysses S. Grant
B.
Union
President: Abraham Lincoln
Major General: Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate
President: John C. Calhoun
Major General: Zachary Calhoun
Confederate
President: Jefferson Davis
Major General: Robert E. Lee
Discussion Question #3
Economic Differences Prior to the Civil War
Northern States
Textile Manufacturing
Large Urban Labor Force
Support High Tariffs
•
•
•
•
•
Southern States
Cotton Plantation
Rural Labor Force
Oppose High Tariffs
Which inference is best supported by the table?
F. The South's population primarily lived in large cities.
G. The South had a higher standard of living than the North.
H. The North depended upon foreign imports to feed its population.
J. The North was more industrial while the South was mostly agricultural.
Discussion Question #4
• Which three of the following are
characteristics of sectionalism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
attitudes toward private ownership of land
feelings about slavery as an economic institution
degree of industry in different areas of the country
different uses of land in different areas of the country
States’ Rights
1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War
• Strict interpretation of the Constitution
• Limited Federal Power
• Explore the Ten Amendments on pg. 221.
• Which amendment did the South use to
support their cause?
States’ Rights
1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War
• Strict interpretation of the Constitution
• Limited Federal Power
• Tenth Amendment – Southerners believed the
10th amendment prohibited the government
from interfering with slavery where it already
existed and from interfering with a
slaveholders right to take slaves into a new
territory.
Warm-up: Answer the following
questions in your journal. Complete
sentences.
1. Which amendment did the south use to
support their right to continue the practice of
slavery?
2. Why did the south think that this
amendment allowed them to continue the
practice of slavery?
Slavery
1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War
• Slavery began in Virginia during Colonial Era (1619)
• Slavery was maintained by equal balance of slave &
free states
• Regional differences caused the balance of power to
shift in the government
Ex. South – Agrarian plantation economy, slow growth in population
………….. (Remember 3/5 Compromise – count 3 of 5 slaves for population)
North – Industrialization, Large urban area, infrastructure growth, high
……..
birth rates, & large influx of European immigrants
……………….(Balance of power shifts - more Northern, anti-slavery states)
Warm-up:
Write the question and an answer in your
journal.
• Explain the Missouri Compromise in your own
words.
• Include the problem.
• Include the congressional solution.
• Include the key person.
Missouri Compromise
• Problem: Unbalance in congress
• Solution: Missouri as a slave state. Maine as
a free state. Kept the balance in congress.
• Key person: Henry Clay
Political Issues regarding SLAVERY
• Missouri Compromise - 1820
• Compromise of 1850
• Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854
Key People Involved
John C. Calhoun – S. Carolina Senator * favored states’
rights *led opposition in SC to protective Tariff of 1828
Henry Clay – Kentucky Senator * “Great Compromiser”
*sponsored Missouri Compromise in 1820
Daniel Webster- Massachusetts Senator * “The Great
Orator” *created compromises with South to delay war
Congressional Conflicts & Compromises
Prior to the Civil War
Provisions & Effects
1. Missouri Compromise- Henry Clay sponsor -1820
*allowed Missouri to enter Union as a slave state
*allowed Maine to enter Union as a free state
*maintained balance of power in the Senate
*all new states north of 36°30’ would be free
Congressional Conflicts & Compromises
Prior to the Civil War
Provisions & Effects
2. Nullification Crisis - John C. Calhoun *SC Senator
*1828 Tariff of Abominations passed – high tariff
*1832 Lower Tariff passed – SC still angry
*Calhoun declared tariff null & void w/in SC borders
*SC threatens to secede
*Clay proposed Compromise Tariff
Of 1833 to prevent war –
govt. lowers tariff
Congressional Conflicts & Compromises
Prior to the Civil War
Provisions & Effects
3. Compromise of 1850 – Henry Clay Sponsor
*California enters Union as a free state
*Remainder of Southwest – open to slavery by
popular sovereignty (vote of the people living there)
*Slave trade in Washington, D.C. Ended,
but allowed those owing slaves to keep them
*Fugitive Slave Law – required the return of runaway slaves
North Happy
South Happy
Congressional Conflicts & Compromises
Prior to the Civil War
Provisions & Effects
4. Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) - *allowed Kansas &
Nebraska to decide slavery by popular sovereignty
(people living there would vote)
*overturned the Missouri Compromise of 1820
*Purpose was to open many thousands of new farms & make
feasible a transcontinental railroad
Warm-Up
• Describe the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Warm-up:
• What year did the Civil War begin?
• What year did the Civil war end?
• You will be required to answer this on a piece
of paper before you leave class, for a grade.
Make sure that you do this warm-up.
Civil War Time-line of Events
(write this list in your journal)
1.Fort Sumter
2.Battle of Antietam
3.Battle of Gettysburg
4. Siege at Vicksburg
5.Emancipation Proclamation
6. Assassination of Lincoln
7. General Lee’s surrender at Appomattox court
house
Timeline Rubric
• You must include the following in your
timeline.
• Title of event (Ex. Fort Sumter)
• Date of event (Ex. April 1861)
• Description of event in your own words (Ex.
Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil
War. It was a federal fort that was fired on by
the rebels to start the Civil War.)
Testable Items
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Sectionalism
Begin date and end date of Civil War
Tariffs
Free blacks vs. Slaves (ESP)
Missouri Compromise
Compromise of 1850
Basic Civil War Facts
Economic Differences between North & South
Nullification Crisis
Kansas – Nebraska Act
Henry Clay
36 30 N
Complete Timelines Today!
• 1st step: Complete information portion of the
timeline
• 2nd step: fold another piece of paper in 6 equal
parts.
• 3rd step: Title each box with event AND DATE
from timeline.
• 4th step: Draw a picture or symbol for each event.
• ONLY TWO WILL BE GRADED. 10 POINTS FOR
EVENT & DATE/40 POINTS FOR ILLUSTRATION
Warm –up:
Complete the following chart in your journal.
Quiz next Tuesday on this information.
1.
North –
– The _____________
– General __________
2. South –
– The _____________
– General __________
3. First battle of the Civil War - ______________________________
4. Bloodiest single day of the Civil War -_______________________
5. Turning point of the Civil War - ____________________________
6. North got control of the Mississippi River - __________________
7. Document that said the slaves were free - ___________________
8. President during Civil War - _______________________________
9. Where did General Lee surrender? _________________________
10. Who won the Civil War? __________________________________
Warm-up: Use your book or device to answer
the following: pg.450 in text book
• Step 1: Who was the President of the
Confederacy/South during the Civil War?
• Step 2: Write an analogy using the President of
the Union AND the President of the
Confederacy.
• Ex: Mrs. Currey : Social Studies :: Coach Kelley : Math
– Mrs. Currey (is to) Social Studies (as) Coach Kelley (is to)
Math
Reminder!!
• Quiz Wednesday on basic Civil War Facts!!
• See warm-up from last week to study.
• I can identify key people in
congressional conflicts and
compromises prior to the Civil War.
Create this chart in your journal
Calhoun
Clay
Webster
Match the characteristic with the person on the
T-Chart that you created. Use your book or device.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Compromises with South delayed the Civil War
Opposed the Tariff of 1828
Kentucky Senator
Senator from Massachusetts
Senator from South Carolina
Supporter of states rights
The Great Orator
The Great Compromiser
Sponsored the Missouri Compromise of 1850
Warm-up: Write the question and answer in
your journal
• What are the 3 causes of the Civil War?
• (the 3 S’s)
– 1.
– 2.
– 3.
Quiz: Only write the correct answer on your paper.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
The Union is also known as the ___________________.
The General for the Union is _____________________.
The Confederacy is also known as the ______________.
The General for the Confederacy is _________________.
First battle of the Civil War - ________________________
Bloodiest single day of the Civil War -_______________________
Turning point of the Civil War - ____________________________
Battle when North got control of the Mississippi River - __________
Document that said the slaves were free - ___________________
President during Civil War - _______________________________
Where did General Lee surrender? _________________________
Who won the Civil War? __________________________________
Who was the President of the Confederacy? __________________
Tariff Review
Create this chart in your journal
exactly like you see it.
The Gettysburg Address
Equality:
Union:
Government:
Liberty:
Read as a class:
• Page 487 – 488 : Lincoln at Gettysburg
The Gettysburg Address – Pg. 618
1. What does the first paragraph say about
equality?
2. What does Lincoln feel is the duty of the
Union?
3. What is the goal of the government
according to Lincoln? (see last paragraph)
4. What document do you think the ideas of the
Gettysburg Address are taken from?
Phillip Bazaar
• born in Chile, South America,
• was a Navy seaman
• awarded the Medal of Honor
• (tell students why he received the
medal of honor) have them
write a summary in journal
Dred Scott V. Sanford - 1857
• Supreme court case
• Confirmed that slaves were property not
citizens
• A slave wasn’t a citizen = no protection under
constitution = can’t take a case to court
• Led to further sectional tension
Dred Scott
• http://youtu.be/YM7onFP9vUQ
South’s view on slavery
• With a partner, discuss the following question
and be prepared to share your answer.
• How do you think the southern slaveholders
viewed slavery?
• (Ex: Southerners felt it was a tradition that
should be kept in the south)
• You may not use my example!!! <3
Congressional Conflicts & Compromises
Prior to the Civil War
Provisions & Effects
3. Compromise of 1850 – Henry Clay Sponsor
*California enters Union as a free state
*Remainder of Southwest – open to slavery by
popular sovereignty (vote of the people living there)
*Slave trade in Washington, D.C. Ended,
but allowed those owing slaves to keep them
*Fugitive Slave Law – required the return of runaway slaves
North Happy
South Happy
Turning points & Why
• Battle of Gettysburg
– The Union turned back
the Confederate
invasion of the North.
• Battle of Vicksburg
– The North gained
control of the
Mississippi River.
– This spilt the
Confederacy in to two
parts.
Assassination of Lincoln
• http://youtu.be/oUdDLXcbANQ
John Wilkes Booth
Lincoln’s Assassination
• With a partner discuss how Lincoln’s
assassination affected the nation.

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