Warm- up: The Civil War Number you paper 1-6 and answer all questions. 1. Define sectionalism – (look in journal if you have trouble) 2. Name the two sides that fought during the Civil War. 3. Who was the general for the North? 4. Who was the general for the South? 5. Who was the President during the Civil War? 6. Who won the Civil War? Warm- up: The Civil War Number you paper 1-6 and answer all questions. 1. Define sectionalism – loyalty to a region 2. Name the two sides that fought during the Civil War. North (Union) & South (Confederacy) 3. Who was the general for the North? U.S. Grant 4. Who was the general for the South? Robert E. Lee 5. Who was the President during the Civil War? President Lincoln 6. Who won the Civil War? The North (Union) Civil War Basics - Quiz 1. Define Sectionalism: 2. President during Civil War: 3. Create the chart below. Fill in the blanks. North South Also called: (write answer) Also called: (write answer) General: (write answer) General: (write answer) Winner or loser: (choose one) Winner or loser: (choose one) Anthem/Song: Anthem/song: I CAN EXPLAIN THE CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR Warm-up: Copy slide Sectionalism 1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War • Loyalty to local interests (region) • Northern – manufacturing & commerce (Capital was invested in transportation & manufacturing) • Southern – cash crop agriculture (Capital was invested in slaves & overseas markets) • Western – cheap land for expansion & good transportation to keep in touch with eastern businesses Discussion Question #1 Transportation: ___________ :: Slaves : South Discussion Question #2 Which set of graphics correctly lists the political and military leaders of the Civil War? A. Union President: Abraham Lincoln Major General: Ulysses S. Grant B. Union President: Abraham Lincoln Major General: Ulysses S. Grant Confederate President: John C. Calhoun Major General: Zachary Calhoun Confederate President: Jefferson Davis Major General: Robert E. Lee Discussion Question #3 Economic Differences Prior to the Civil War Northern States Textile Manufacturing Large Urban Labor Force Support High Tariffs • • • • • Southern States Cotton Plantation Rural Labor Force Oppose High Tariffs Which inference is best supported by the table? F. The South's population primarily lived in large cities. G. The South had a higher standard of living than the North. H. The North depended upon foreign imports to feed its population. J. The North was more industrial while the South was mostly agricultural. Discussion Question #4 • Which three of the following are characteristics of sectionalism? A. B. C. D. attitudes toward private ownership of land feelings about slavery as an economic institution degree of industry in different areas of the country different uses of land in different areas of the country States’ Rights 1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War • Strict interpretation of the Constitution • Limited Federal Power • Explore the Ten Amendments on pg. 221. • Which amendment did the South use to support their cause? States’ Rights 1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War • Strict interpretation of the Constitution • Limited Federal Power • Tenth Amendment – Southerners believed the 10th amendment prohibited the government from interfering with slavery where it already existed and from interfering with a slaveholders right to take slaves into a new territory. Warm-up: Answer the following questions in your journal. Complete sentences. 1. Which amendment did the south use to support their right to continue the practice of slavery? 2. Why did the south think that this amendment allowed them to continue the practice of slavery? Slavery 1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War • Slavery began in Virginia during Colonial Era (1619) • Slavery was maintained by equal balance of slave & free states • Regional differences caused the balance of power to shift in the government Ex. South – Agrarian plantation economy, slow growth in population ………….. (Remember 3/5 Compromise – count 3 of 5 slaves for population) North – Industrialization, Large urban area, infrastructure growth, high …….. birth rates, & large influx of European immigrants ……………….(Balance of power shifts - more Northern, anti-slavery states) Warm-up: Write the question and an answer in your journal. • Explain the Missouri Compromise in your own words. • Include the problem. • Include the congressional solution. • Include the key person. Missouri Compromise • Problem: Unbalance in congress • Solution: Missouri as a slave state. Maine as a free state. Kept the balance in congress. • Key person: Henry Clay Political Issues regarding SLAVERY • Missouri Compromise - 1820 • Compromise of 1850 • Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854 Key People Involved John C. Calhoun – S. Carolina Senator * favored states’ rights *led opposition in SC to protective Tariff of 1828 Henry Clay – Kentucky Senator * “Great Compromiser” *sponsored Missouri Compromise in 1820 Daniel Webster- Massachusetts Senator * “The Great Orator” *created compromises with South to delay war Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects 1. Missouri Compromise- Henry Clay sponsor -1820 *allowed Missouri to enter Union as a slave state *allowed Maine to enter Union as a free state *maintained balance of power in the Senate *all new states north of 36°30’ would be free Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects 2. Nullification Crisis - John C. Calhoun *SC Senator *1828 Tariff of Abominations passed – high tariff *1832 Lower Tariff passed – SC still angry *Calhoun declared tariff null & void w/in SC borders *SC threatens to secede *Clay proposed Compromise Tariff Of 1833 to prevent war – govt. lowers tariff Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects 3. Compromise of 1850 – Henry Clay Sponsor *California enters Union as a free state *Remainder of Southwest – open to slavery by popular sovereignty (vote of the people living there) *Slave trade in Washington, D.C. Ended, but allowed those owing slaves to keep them *Fugitive Slave Law – required the return of runaway slaves North Happy South Happy Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects 4. Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) - *allowed Kansas & Nebraska to decide slavery by popular sovereignty (people living there would vote) *overturned the Missouri Compromise of 1820 *Purpose was to open many thousands of new farms & make feasible a transcontinental railroad Warm-Up • Describe the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Warm-up: • What year did the Civil War begin? • What year did the Civil war end? • You will be required to answer this on a piece of paper before you leave class, for a grade. Make sure that you do this warm-up. Civil War Time-line of Events (write this list in your journal) 1.Fort Sumter 2.Battle of Antietam 3.Battle of Gettysburg 4. Siege at Vicksburg 5.Emancipation Proclamation 6. Assassination of Lincoln 7. General Lee’s surrender at Appomattox court house Timeline Rubric • You must include the following in your timeline. • Title of event (Ex. Fort Sumter) • Date of event (Ex. April 1861) • Description of event in your own words (Ex. Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil War. It was a federal fort that was fired on by the rebels to start the Civil War.) Testable Items • • • • • • • • • • • • Sectionalism Begin date and end date of Civil War Tariffs Free blacks vs. Slaves (ESP) Missouri Compromise Compromise of 1850 Basic Civil War Facts Economic Differences between North & South Nullification Crisis Kansas – Nebraska Act Henry Clay 36 30 N Complete Timelines Today! • 1st step: Complete information portion of the timeline • 2nd step: fold another piece of paper in 6 equal parts. • 3rd step: Title each box with event AND DATE from timeline. • 4th step: Draw a picture or symbol for each event. • ONLY TWO WILL BE GRADED. 10 POINTS FOR EVENT & DATE/40 POINTS FOR ILLUSTRATION Warm –up: Complete the following chart in your journal. Quiz next Tuesday on this information. 1. North – – The _____________ – General __________ 2. South – – The _____________ – General __________ 3. First battle of the Civil War - ______________________________ 4. Bloodiest single day of the Civil War -_______________________ 5. Turning point of the Civil War - ____________________________ 6. North got control of the Mississippi River - __________________ 7. Document that said the slaves were free - ___________________ 8. President during Civil War - _______________________________ 9. Where did General Lee surrender? _________________________ 10. Who won the Civil War? __________________________________ Warm-up: Use your book or device to answer the following: pg.450 in text book • Step 1: Who was the President of the Confederacy/South during the Civil War? • Step 2: Write an analogy using the President of the Union AND the President of the Confederacy. • Ex: Mrs. Currey : Social Studies :: Coach Kelley : Math – Mrs. Currey (is to) Social Studies (as) Coach Kelley (is to) Math Reminder!! • Quiz Wednesday on basic Civil War Facts!! • See warm-up from last week to study. • I can identify key people in congressional conflicts and compromises prior to the Civil War. Create this chart in your journal Calhoun Clay Webster Match the characteristic with the person on the T-Chart that you created. Use your book or device. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Compromises with South delayed the Civil War Opposed the Tariff of 1828 Kentucky Senator Senator from Massachusetts Senator from South Carolina Supporter of states rights The Great Orator The Great Compromiser Sponsored the Missouri Compromise of 1850 Warm-up: Write the question and answer in your journal • What are the 3 causes of the Civil War? • (the 3 S’s) – 1. – 2. – 3. Quiz: Only write the correct answer on your paper. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. The Union is also known as the ___________________. The General for the Union is _____________________. The Confederacy is also known as the ______________. The General for the Confederacy is _________________. First battle of the Civil War - ________________________ Bloodiest single day of the Civil War -_______________________ Turning point of the Civil War - ____________________________ Battle when North got control of the Mississippi River - __________ Document that said the slaves were free - ___________________ President during Civil War - _______________________________ Where did General Lee surrender? _________________________ Who won the Civil War? __________________________________ Who was the President of the Confederacy? __________________ Tariff Review Create this chart in your journal exactly like you see it. The Gettysburg Address Equality: Union: Government: Liberty: Read as a class: • Page 487 – 488 : Lincoln at Gettysburg The Gettysburg Address – Pg. 618 1. What does the first paragraph say about equality? 2. What does Lincoln feel is the duty of the Union? 3. What is the goal of the government according to Lincoln? (see last paragraph) 4. What document do you think the ideas of the Gettysburg Address are taken from? Phillip Bazaar • born in Chile, South America, • was a Navy seaman • awarded the Medal of Honor • (tell students why he received the medal of honor) have them write a summary in journal Dred Scott V. Sanford - 1857 • Supreme court case • Confirmed that slaves were property not citizens • A slave wasn’t a citizen = no protection under constitution = can’t take a case to court • Led to further sectional tension Dred Scott • http://youtu.be/YM7onFP9vUQ South’s view on slavery • With a partner, discuss the following question and be prepared to share your answer. • How do you think the southern slaveholders viewed slavery? • (Ex: Southerners felt it was a tradition that should be kept in the south) • You may not use my example!!! <3 Congressional Conflicts & Compromises Prior to the Civil War Provisions & Effects 3. Compromise of 1850 – Henry Clay Sponsor *California enters Union as a free state *Remainder of Southwest – open to slavery by popular sovereignty (vote of the people living there) *Slave trade in Washington, D.C. Ended, but allowed those owing slaves to keep them *Fugitive Slave Law – required the return of runaway slaves North Happy South Happy Turning points & Why • Battle of Gettysburg – The Union turned back the Confederate invasion of the North. • Battle of Vicksburg – The North gained control of the Mississippi River. – This spilt the Confederacy in to two parts. Assassination of Lincoln • http://youtu.be/oUdDLXcbANQ John Wilkes Booth Lincoln’s Assassination • With a partner discuss how Lincoln’s assassination affected the nation.