ABD General

Report
AREA BASED DEVELOPMENT
APPROACHES
Brussels (JRC headquarters)
6 and 7 September 2010
Area Based Recovery &
Development can be defined as:
Targeting specific geographical areas in a
country, characterized by particular and
complex recovery and development
problems, through an integrated, inclusive,
participatory and flexible approach


Area of intervention: typically smaller than the country
itself (but can be cross-border)
4 categories of problems to be addressed:
– Conflict-related
– Disaster-related
– Poverty-related
– Exclusion-related

ABD only appropriate if problem can be addressed at the
level of the area

Aim is to make the area fully participate in and benefit
from national recovery & development processes

Integrated: multi-sector, multi-agency, multi-level

Inclusive: targets communities rather than specific
groups and is non-discriminatory

Participatory: involving all stakeholders in planning,
decision-making and implementation

Bottom-up approach: feeding into policy/ institutional
reform through horizontal & vertical linkages

Flexible: tailor-made responses evolving with rapid
changes in the area/ environment

Not every project that intervenes at local or
grassroots level is area based:
– nation-wide local governance, decentralized
planning or community development programmes
– local piloting of national programmes
– sector-specific programmes at local level

ABD is area-specific, not sector- or target groupspecific
Regional planning,
decentralization &
local governance
programmes
Community
development &
integrated rural
development
programmes
Area based
recovery &
development
programmes
Programmes
responding to crises,
emergencies & postconflict situations
Deciding on an Area Based Approach:
1. Clearly identifiable
area with unique or
specific development
setting
YES
Area based
approach
2. Area has complex &
multi-dimensional
development setting
NO
YES
MDG
localization
approach
NO
Sector or
target group
approach
Defining the Area Based Intervention
1.
2.
3.
4.
Defining the target area – always based on
existing territorial-administrative units
Assessing the specific situation – baseline,
critical needs, priorities, ongoing interventions,
etc.
Defining the programme – main outcome,
objectives/results, level/scale/magnitude of
interventions
Implementation & management arrangements
Typical Components of ABD Interventions
Public Administration &
Participatory Governance
–
–
–
–
Planning, budget execution, public investment
Decentralization and self-governance
Mechanisms for dialogue and participation
Access to information, legal protection, human rights
Typical Components of ABD Interventions
Community Empowerment
– Community organization through social
mobilization
– Community-based self-help initiatives
– Strengthening CSOs/NGOs
Typical Components of ABD Interventions
Basic Infrastructure and Services
– Small grant schemes
– Larger infrastructure
– Local procurement and sub-contracting
– Sustainable management, operation and
maintenance
Typical Components of ABD Interventions
Local Economic Development
–
–
–
–
–
–
Planning, policy, regulatory framework
Micro-, small- and medium-enterprise development
Vocational training & employment generation
Financial & non-financial business services
Farming, agriculture, agro-processing
Marketing, transport, storage, rural-urban linkages
Typical Components of ABD Interventions
Policy and Institutional Reform
–
–
–
–
–
Knowledge and practice networks
Independent research
Lobbying with Government/Parliament
Codifying practices into policies and laws
Replication of successful practices
Typical Components of ABD Interventions
Some Conflict and
Disaster-specific components
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Restoring local government capacities
Building on community self-help initiatives
Emergency employment and restoration of livelihoods
Reintegration of returning refugees, IDPs, former combatants
Early warning systems, conflict prevention and disaster risk
reduction
Community security and access to justice
Mine Action, restoring access by road, to land
Gender based violence, protection
Building Back Better
Social cohesion, conflict mediation

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