Enlightenment ideas spread

Report
 Laissez-Faire

replaces mercantilism
Physiocrats (economic thinkers) rejected
mercantilism (government regulation of trade;
Believed that the economy would develop on its own


Sellers would meet the demands of the buyers
Best market system  Laissez Faire business
should operate with little to no government
interference
 Adam

Smith: Wrote The Wealth of Nations
Economic growth linked to supply and demand
 Because
of the Encyclopedia, more and more
people begin to question society

Start to wonder if ruling because of divine right
is just
 Authors
face censorship from government
and church

Authors began to disguise censorship in fiction
 Ideas
spread in salons  informal social
gatherings

Madame Geoffrin ran most famous salon in
France

Architecture changes from baroque or Roman
style to rococo
Baroque  Huge colorful paintings; historic battles of
saints
 Rococo  Moved away from religion; light, elegant,
charming
 Believed it encouraged imagination


Inspires composers

“Classical” music emerges at this time



Mozart emerges as a child prodigy
Johann Sebastian Bach wrote religious music
Literature finds a wider audience

Daniel Defoe writes Robinson Crusoe about a sailor
shipwrecked on an island
 Frederick
II (Frederick the
Great)



Tight control over Prussia
Believed he worked for the
common good
Praised Voltaire’s work


Allowed religious freedom
Simplified the laws
 Catherine





the Great
Empress of Russia
Abolished torture
Religious tolerance in her lands
Expanded empire
Like Frederick, would not give
up power
 Joseph



II
King of Austria
Travelled in disguise among
people to learn their problems
Modernized Austria’s
government




Religious equality
Ended censorship
Tried to bring Catholic Church
under monarch’s control
Abolished serfdom
 By
late 1700s, ideas of equality and justice
reach peasant villages…..
 Question:
What do you think will happen once the
peasants start to hear about these ideas?

Find the following in your book to create a
timeline

Timeline should range from 1650-1800









Montesquieu writes Spirit of the Laws
Scientific Revolution
John Locke publishes Two Treatise of Government
Encyclopedia spreads through Europe
Frederick the Great reforms Prussia
Treaty of Paris
America defeats Britain
Declaration of Independence
Constitution ratified

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