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Quia
Level 1
Quarter 2
Week 1
Dynamics
Definition: How loud or soft you
sing
There are different symbols and words for different
dynamic levels.
Dynamics
English Word
Very Loud/Strong
Loud/Strong
Medium Loud/Strong
Medium Soft
Soft
Very Soft
Gradually get louder
Gradually get softer
Italian Word
Fortissimo
Forte
Mezzo Forte
Mezzo Piano
Piano
Pianissimo
Crescendo
Decrescendo
Dynamics
English Word
Very Loud/Strong
Loud/Strong
Medium Loud/Strong
Medium Soft
Soft
Very Soft
Gradually get louder
Gradually get softer
Symbol
ff
f
mf
mp
p
pp
<
>
Quia
Level 1
Quarter 2
Week 2
Key Signature
Definition: A key signature tells
us what notes are flatted or
sharped in the song
Flats
NAME: Flat Symbol
What does a flat do to a note?
A flat symbol
lowers a note a half
step
Flats
Practice
drawing flats
THREE times
Flats
Gb
G
Move down a HALF STEP from G
Order of the Flats
There is a certain order that flats get used in…
WHAT’S THE ORDER OF THE FLATS?
BEADGCF
Flat Identification
What flats are being used?
Bb
Eb
Ab
F
D
B
G
E
C
A
F
E
Flat Identification
What flats are being used?
Bb
Eb
Ab
Db
Gb
Cb
Fb
Flat Identification
What flats are being used?
Bb
Flat Accidentals
True or False: The first note is higher than the
second note.
FALSE
Eb
E
Flat Accidentals
True or False: The first note is higher than the
second note.
TRUE
E
Db
Flat Accidentals
True or False: The first note is higher than the
second note.
FALSE
G
Ab
Flat Accidentals
True or False: The first note is higher than the
second note.
FALSE
Bb
B
Quia
Level 1
Quarter 2
Week 3
Finding “DO”
NO FLATS OR SHARPS
DO = C
Finding “DO”
NO FLATS OR SHARPS
Key
signature
is CLEAR
Finding “DO”
ONE FLAT
Do = F
Finding “DO”
ONE FLAT
First
Flat
Rule for Finding “DO”
The second to last
flat is the key
signature
Rule for Finding “DO”
1.Find second to
last flat
2.Determine name
of the flat
3.Name of flat = DO
DO = D-FLAT
Finding “DO”
TWO FLATS
Do = B-flat
Finding “DO”
THREE FLATS
Do = E-flat
Finding “DO”
FOUR FLATS
Do = A-flat
Finding “DO”
FIVE FLATS
Do = D-flat
Finding “DO”
SIX FLATS
Do = G-flat
Finding “DO”
SEVEN FLATS
Do = C-flat
Practice
Draw in the flats on the staff for the
following key signature.
DO = E-FLAT
Practice
Draw in the flats on the staff for the
following key signatures.
DO = G-FLAT
Practice
Draw in the flats on the staff for the
following key signatures.
DO = F
Quia
Level 1
Quarter 2
Week 4
Flat Review
What’s the order of the flats?
BEADGCF
Flat Review
What’s the rule for finding “DO”?
The second to last
flat is the key
signature
Flat Solfege
WHAT IS DO?
E-Flat
DO
TI
DO
RE
MI
Flat Solfege
WHAT IS DO?
F
MI
RE
DO
TI
DO
Flat Solfege
WHAT IS DO?
D-Flat
DO
TI
LA
TI
DO
Flat Solfege
WHAT IS DO?
C-Flat
DO
MI
SOL MI
DO
Quia
Level 1
Quarter 2
Week 5
Pick-up
Definition:
The note or set of notes that occur
in the measure before the phrase
actually starts.
Pick-up
Example:
If your director says to start at the PICKUP to measure 84, he's asking that we
start...
with the few notes (less than a measure)
BEFORE measure 84 that really starts the
phrase
Repeat Sign
Name of Symbol:
Repeat Sign
Repeat Sign
This sign means the section
should be repeated.
Practice drawing repeat signs three times

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