Chapter 1 Section 2: Earth*s Interior

Report
Chapter 1 Section 2: Earth’s
Interior
1. What are the 2 main types of evidence
that geologists use to learn about Earth’s
Interior?
Direct Evidence from Rock Samples
Indirect evidence from seismic
waves
2. What is pressure?
• Pressure results from a force pressing on an
area.
3. What causes the Earth’s magnetic
field?
• Scientists think that the movements in the
liquid outer core create Earth’s magnetic field.
4. Directions: Label the layers of Earth
by writing the name of the layer in the
blank.
Directions: If the statement is true, write true. If the statement
is false, change the sentence to make it true.
• 5. The deeper down inside Earth, the greater the
pressure.
• True
• 6. The temperature inside Earth decreases as
depth increases.
• False. The temperature increases with depth.
• 7. The crust is the thinnest under mountains.
• False. The crust is the thickest under mountains.
Directions: Pick the type of rock that is being described.
8. Oceanic crust is typically
8. Basalt or Granite
9. Grain size is coarse
9. Basalt or Granite
10. Light in color
10. Basalt or Granite
11. Grain size is fine
11. Basalt or Granite
12. Dark in color
12. Basalt or Granite
13. Continental crust is typically
13. Basalt or Granite
Directions: Pick if each describes the crust, mantle, the outer core, or the
inner core.
14. A dense ball of solid iron and nickel
14.
15. A layer of hot, solid rock below the
crust
15.
16. Earth’s outer skin of rock
16.
17. The layer made up of molten iron and 17.
nickel
18. Solid metal, dense ball
18.
19. Molten metal, liquid layer
19.
20. Includes both dry land and the ocean
floor
20.
21. The lithosphere, asthenosphere, and
mesophere are part of this layer
21.
Directions: Pick if each describes the lithosphere, asthenosphere,
or mesosphere
22. Beneath the asthenosphere, it is is
hot, but more rigid
22.
23. Uppermost part of the mantle that
includes the crust
23.
24. Can bend like a metal spoon, the
lithosphere floats on top of it
24.

similar documents