STX LSC Stroke and Turn Clinic

Report
Updated 2015/06
1

Introduction to Officiating

Certification Process

Technical Rules

Logistics and Other Information

UIL Differences
2
Introduction to Officiating
3


National Governing Body for the sport
US divided into 59 local governing bodies,
called Local Swim Committees (LSC’s)
◦ We are in the South Texas (ST) LSC

Local officials certification responsibility of
local Officials Committee
◦ Documented in Policies and Procedures
Governing Officials (PPGO)

National officials certification governed by
USA Swimming
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Meet Director
Meet Referee
Administrative Referee
Deck Referee
Deck Marshal
Scorer
Announcer
Clerk of Course
Head Timer
Timers
Head Lane Timer
Starter
Chief Judge
Stroke and Turn Judges
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
To provide a safe, fair and
equitable condition for
competition
 Ensures there is an equal playing
field
 Protective of all swimmers
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Your objective is not to catch
violators, but to observe
swimmers and report
infractions
The swimmer always gets the
benefit of the doubt
Photo: YMCA Training
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Certification Process
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
Prerequisites
◦ Register with USA-S and South Texas
 USA-S registration fee is reimbursed
 http://www.stswim.org/szstxlsc/UserFiles/File/201
5-ST-Application-Non-athlete.doc
 http://www.stswim.org/szstxlsc/UserFiles/File/Sout
hTexas-OfficialsRegistrationForm-2014-09-10.pdf
◦ Complete USA-S Background Check (BGC) and
Athlete Protection Training (APT)
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
Training
◦ Attend the clinic and pass the Stroke & Turn/Timer
test
 Test is online and open book
 Test must be completed within 90 days of clinic
◦ Complete on-deck training
 10 sessions over 3 meets
 No requirement to work all sessions at a meet; you
choose
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Technical Rules
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Butterfly
Back
Breast
Free
IM
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Forward Start
Head surface by 15 meters after start and after each turn
Chest/shoulders past vertical to the breast after start/turn
One arm pull and as many kicks as desired after start and
turns
First arm pull must bring swimmer to surface of the water
Up and down motion of the legs must be simultaneous,
not necessary to be at same level, shall not alternate
Arms must pull and recover simultaneously, with forward
arm motions over the water
Some part of the arms must break the surface of the water
Simultaneous two hand touch on turns and finish at,
above or below water surface
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Start on the back, facing blocks
Toes cannot be above lip of gutter or curl gutter
Head must surface by 15 meter mark
Must be on back throughout the race except when turning.
 “On the back” means shoulders and chest past vertical to the back;
arms, hands and legs no special rules
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For backstroke turn CAN turn onto breast as long as
followed immediately by one single or simultaneous double
arm pull, which must be followed by turning motion/action
After turn, the swimmer’s shoulder must be at or past
vertical to the back when feet leave the wall
Must finish on the back
Can be fully submerged at (instant of) the finish
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Forward start
Chest/Shoulders past vertical to the breast
At start and after each turn the head must break the surface of
the water before the hands turn inward at the widest part of the
second stroke
Head must surface during each cycle
Stroke cycle is one arm pull first followed by a breaststroke
kick
ALL arm movements/pulls must be horizontal to water surface
and be simultaneous; being horizontal to the surface of the
water must be attained BEFORE the “first arm pull.”
Elbows remain under (forward position only) water except the
last stroke into the wall at turn or finish
Breaststroke is Continued on the next page…
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Leg motion must be simultaneous
Feet must be at the same horizontal and vertical plane with feet
turned outward during the propulsive part of the kick
Simultaneous two hand touch on turns and finish, at above or
below the water surface
Shoulders need not be parallel to the wall at turns and finishes
Head can be submerged after the last arm pull prior to the touch,
provided it breaks the surface of the water at some point during
the last complete or incomplete stroke cycle preceding the touch.
The feet can break surface of water unless followed by a
“downward” butterfly kick
After the start and at each turn 1 dolphin kick is permitted (BUT
NOT REQUIRED) anytime prior to the first breaststroke kick.
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Head must surface by 15 meter mark
Any style swimming allowed (exception IM and Medley Relay)
Must touch wall at completion of each length
Any part of body must touch wall at turn and finish
Can stand on bottom, but not walk or push off
Can hold lane line, but not pull on it
Cannot leave pool before conclusion of race (Actually applies
to ALL the strokes, including the IM)
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Order:
○
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Butterfly
Back
Breast
Free-can swim anything other than breast, back or fly
Intermediate turns must conform to TURN
RULES for the stroke
Transition turns must conform to FINISH
RULES for the completing stroke
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4 individual swimmers
◦ Swimmer order set before race-no switching order
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Medley Relay order
◦
◦
◦
◦
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Back
Breast
Butterfly
Free – Freesytle swimmer must swim anything other
than fly, back or breast
Stroke rules apply to Medley Relay
Exchange: swimmer on block can be in motion
◦ Watch the feet first and then verify the touch
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Logistics and Other Information
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.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Starter/D
eck Ref
15 meter mark
15 meter mark
Turn/Finish Officials
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◦ Freestyle
 Position yourself at 15 meter mark to judge heads up
◦ Backstroke
 Position yourself at 15 meter mark to judge heads up, then
walk toward finishing wall to judge completion of the race
◦ Butterfly
 Walk with swimmers
 Walk just behind the last swimmer
 For more advanced swimmers, start at 15 meter mark to
judge heads up
◦ Breaststroke
 Walk with swimmers
 Walk just behind the last swimmer
* Protocol can be changed by the Meet Referee.
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◦ Between assigned lanes
 At the start end, do not step forward until race starts
◦ Step forward when swimmers approach your
jurisdiction
◦ Step back after swimmers have left your
jurisdiction
◦ Stand with one foot forward and one foot back at
the edge of the pool
◦ Jurisdiction will be defined by your Meet Referee
◦ Freestyle MAY be judged from the side - it will be
up to the Meet Referee
◦ Backstroke starts MAY be judged from the side,
based on the Meet Referee’s decision
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Hand up, palm out, immediately
Stay in position
Be ready to answer the 3 questions:
1.Where were you - Jurisdiction?
2.What did you see - Description?
3.What rule was broken - Infraction?
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DQ slip
◦ Stroke and Turn Judge, Chief Judge, or Referee
may fill out slip
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
One set of rules applies to all swimmers, no
matter the age or ability level
◦ However, rules can be modified by the Meet Referee
for a swimmer with a permanent physical or
cognitive disability that substantially limits one or
more major life activities
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We do not judge style – we only determine if a
swimmer conforms to the rules
Give equal time to all lanes, including empty
lanes, so that no swimmer is watched more
than others
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Always look and act professionally
◦ No cell phones, food, extraneous material
◦ Maintain focus, stay in position (you will get wet)
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Be supportive but don’t cheer for one swimmer
or team
Just as a football official does not commit pass
interference and a basketball official does not
foul the shooter, swimmers disqualify themselves
– you are only recording it
Don’t argue with coaches or parents – let the
Referee do it for you
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Meet attire – Meet uniform will be indicated in the published Meet Information
 Standard in South Texas LSC is white shirt over khaki shorts, skirts or long
pants (finals for some meets require long pants).
 Keep shirt tucked in (some shirts made for women are cut to be left untucked
– check with Meet Referee).
 You also need to wear white shoes.
Officials name tag should be visible
What to bring to a meet
 Pen
 Rule book
Arrive early (an hour BEFORE the session is to begin) to the meet to attend the
officials meeting
You are always needed and welcome to work at meets, even if you have no
children swimming
Assignment, jurisdiction and limitations are given by the Meet Referee (and at his
discretion) – NEVER demand a particular assignment; however, you can always
make a request (to be a “walker”, for example) at the pre-session meeting
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
When do I work?
◦ Work the sessions you can
◦ Not required to work every session at a meet
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How do I get to work?
◦ If possible, ahead of time, let Meet Referee know
what meet sessions you will be able to work
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How do I document sessions worked
◦ Officials Tracking System (OTS)
 Meet Referee
 Individual
◦ Deck log
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UIL Differences
31

Go to http://www.uil.arbitersports.com
◦ Middle of page select Swimming/Diving

Go to testing to take test (closes Nov 1, 2015)
◦ 2014-2015 rulebook:
http://www.amazon.com/2014-15-SwimmingDiving-Water-Rulesebook/dp/B00NC4YM7S/ref=sr_1_1?s=digitaltext&ie=UTF8&qid=1414296674&sr=11&keywords=201415+NFHS+Swimming+%26+Diving+%26+Water+Po
lo+Rules
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
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One type of official
Stroke differences chart:
http://media.wix.com/ugd/8c869c_809f250
b7b6645af901e62d8da71b2d8.pdf
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Backstroke
◦ Kick/glide permitted before and after turning action
(once head passes backstroke flags)
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Breaststroke
◦ Two-hand simultaneous touch required (no rule
about separation
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Butterfly
◦ Two-hand simultaneous touch required (no rule
about separation
◦ Hands must be horizontal level in stroke
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