Youth Meat Quality Assurance… Colorado’s Commitment to Quality Putting Knowledge to Work Why are we here? To think about Meat Quality and the consumer and because you would like to produce a safer and healthier product. Purpose of the MQA Program Define your responsibilities as a 4-H or FFA livestock producer. Increase use of production practices that relate to Meat Quality. Assist you in providing a “safe” product. Your Responsibilities as Livestock Producers Provide safe, wholesome food to consumers. Understand and follow the labels carefully for every feed additive, medicine, or product used. Develop a close working relationship with your veterinarian. Poultry Sheep Good Production Practice #1 Identify and track all animals to which drugs were administered. Identify medicated animals by: Individual Pen Lot Methods of Animal Identification Identify all medicated animals in some way. Possible Identification Methods: - Tattoo - Tag - Brand - Paint Brand - Retinal Scan - Ear Notch - Electronic ID - Leg band Animal ID Methods Tattoo Leg Bands Brands Electronic ID Tags Retinal Scan Scrapie ID Tags are required for all intact Sheep and Goats at Fairs Recommended for all show wethers. When you purchase your lambs or goats be sure they have premises ID tags in them from the producer. Ear Notching Identification Right Ear Left Ear Test Your Ear Notching Skills 9 3 1 9+3 =12 1 1+1 =2 12-2 Good Production Practice #2 Maintain medication and treatment records. Date of treatment Animal treated Product used (brand, serial and lot number of product; prescription?) Amount administered Route of administration Who gave the drug Withdrawal time Completed withdrawal date Project Medication Records You should keep written medication records for AT LEAST 12 MONTHS following marketing of the medicated livestock. Your project record book is the perfect place for this information. Good Production Practice #3 Properly store, label, and account for all drug products and medicated feeds. Storage, Handling and Disposal Avoid contamination of drugs. Identify those products that require refrigeration. Do not store medication in syringes. Dispose of used syringes and needles properly. - Special bags - Sharps containers - Collected as bio-hazardous materials Store leftover medications properly. Good Production Practice #4 Veterinarian/ Client/ Patient Relationship (VCPR). Know Your Veterinarian The veterinarian may assist you in making medical judgments regarding the health of your project(s) and the need for medical treatment. Extra Label Drug Use Only under the supervision of a veterinarian Veterinarian increase dosage beyond label Changes frequency of administration beyond label Changes duration of treatment Changes disease to be treated Changes species to be treated Prescribes any other non-label use of OTC or Rx drug Use Only FDA Approved Drugs Over-the counter does not require a prescription. Prescription - can only be used by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. Good Production Practice #5 Educate all family members about: Treating Animals Selling Animals Proper Administration Withdrawal Times Hauling Animals Knowledge of the Information Found on the Drug Label Read and follow the label. Pay close attention to withdrawal time, dosage rates, diseases treated, species and expiration dates. Disposable needles and syringes are sanitary and easy to use. Clean reusable syringes and needles properly. Always check for burrs on needles Change needles often to reduce tissue damage and reduce the chance of a broken needle. Types of Delivery Systems In the muscle (intramuscular - IM) - Use a spot on the neck (in front of shoulder). - Never inject in the rump, loin or quarter area. - Use the proper needle size. - Limit to 10cc or ml per injection site for cattle and swine. Limit to 5 cc or ml per injection site for sheep and goats. - Use smallest diameter needle that is practical (higher gauge =smaller needle diameter) Proper Injection Sites Proper Injection Sites Proper Injection Sites Subcutaneous In Inside Skin Of Flanks Other Types of Delivery Systems Under the skin (subcutaneous - SQ) - Inject only into clean, dry areas. In the abdominal cavity (intraperitoneal - IP) - Should be used only upon veterinary instructions and guidance as serious injury to the animal can occur. Other Types of Delivery Systems In the vein (intravenous - IV) - Should be used only upon veterinary instructions and guidance as serious injury to the animal can occur. In the nasal passages (intranasal - IN) - Nasal exposure allows for immediate product absorption. -Uses special application tip Sanitation is Essential Wipe off the top of vaccine bottles before inserting needles (not with a sanitizer). Don’t put the needles you’re using to vaccinate back into the vaccine bottle. Change needles every 10 to 15 uses. Discard any needle with a bend or burr. Use a clean injection site. Properly dispose of bottles and other packaging. Poor Sanitation Improper Injection site Types of Delivery Systems Oral Application Topical Application Drinking Water Application Feed Additive Application Good Production Practice #6 Use drug residue tests when appropriate. When breeding animals are culled. When animals receive extra label drug use treatment. When feeder livestock are harvested. When exhibiting at stock shows and fairs. Good Production Practice #7 Establish an efficient and effective herd health management plan. Involving the whole family makes it fun!! A Healthy Project Preventing a disease is cheaper than treating it. Many health problems can be controlled by management. Bio-security. Veterinarian/Client/Patient relationship Review production and financial records. Good Production Practice #8 Provide proper animal care. Comfortable animals perform better. Good Husbandry Practices Daily observation. Proper animal handling. Clean, comfortable, safe facilities. Clean water and a nutritionally balanced diet. Develop project health programs with veterinary advice. Transport your project without undue stress. Quality Management Keep facilities and equipment in good condition. Watch for nails, loose boards and other hazards that could tear the hide or skin or cause injuries that invite infection. Be sure there is good drainage to avoid standing water and excess manure. Good Production Practice #9 Follow appropriate on-farm feed and commercial feed processor procedures. Good housekeeping Clean and safe equipment Organized work areas Labeling Record keeping Animal Feeding The importance of quality feed to livestock project cannot be over emphasized. Prevent feed contamination. Provide reasonable assurance that the feed is prepared accurately. Facilities and Equipment Prevent accumulation of dust that could contaminate feeds. Pick up spills. Design storage areas to avoid accidental contamination of feed with toxic or other non-feed substances. Store feed secure from livestock - overeating! Good Production Practice #10 Complete Youth Quality Assurance checklist annually, then re-certify as required. Keep up to date with new industry practices. Evaluate production to ensure GPP’s are being met. Colorado Youth Meat Quality Assurance By making a commitment to producing quality meat products, you provide a service to your customers - and become a trusted supplier. Colorado Youth Meat Quality Assurance More importantly, it sets a standard for quality livestock production that upholds the tradition of 4-H FFA programs, and enhances the reputation of our products - essential ingredients for the continued success of the livestock industry.