Producing a Safe, Wholesome Meat Product With Your Meat

Youth Meat Quality Assurance…
Colorado’s Commitment to Quality
Putting Knowledge to Work
Why are we here?
 To
think about Meat Quality and the
consumer and because you would like
to produce a safer and healthier
Purpose of the MQA Program
Define your responsibilities as a 4-H or FFA
livestock producer.
Increase use of production practices that relate to
Meat Quality.
Assist you in providing a “safe” product.
Your Responsibilities as
Livestock Producers
Provide safe, wholesome food to consumers.
Understand and follow the labels carefully for
every feed additive, medicine, or product used.
Develop a close working relationship with your
 Poultry
 Sheep
Good Production Practice #1
Identify and track all animals to which drugs
were administered.
Identify medicated animals by:
Methods of Animal Identification
Identify all medicated animals in some way.
Possible Identification Methods:
- Tattoo
- Tag
- Brand
- Paint Brand
- Retinal Scan
- Ear Notch
- Electronic ID
- Leg band
Animal ID Methods
Leg Bands
Electronic ID Tags
Retinal Scan
Scrapie ID Tags are required
for all intact Sheep and
Goats at Fairs
Recommended for all show wethers.
 When
you purchase your
lambs or goats be sure
they have premises ID
tags in them from the
Ear Notching Identification
Right Ear
Left Ear
Test Your Ear Notching Skills
9+3 =12
1+1 =2
Good Production Practice #2
Maintain medication and
treatment records.
Date of treatment
Animal treated
Product used (brand, serial
and lot number of product;
Amount administered
Route of administration
Who gave the drug
Withdrawal time
Completed withdrawal date
Project Medication Records
You should keep written medication records
for AT LEAST 12 MONTHS following
marketing of the medicated livestock.
 Your project record book is the perfect place
for this information.
Good Production Practice #3
Properly store, label, and account for
all drug products and medicated feeds.
Storage, Handling and Disposal
Avoid contamination of drugs.
 Identify those products that require refrigeration.
 Do not store medication in syringes.
 Dispose of used syringes and needles properly.
- Special bags
- Sharps containers
- Collected as bio-hazardous materials
 Store leftover medications properly.
Good Production Practice #4
Veterinarian/ Client/ Patient Relationship (VCPR).
Know Your Veterinarian
The veterinarian may assist you in
making medical judgments regarding
the health of your project(s) and the
need for medical treatment.
Extra Label Drug Use
Only under the supervision of a
Veterinarian increase dosage beyond label
Changes frequency of administration beyond label
Changes duration of treatment
Changes disease to be treated
Changes species to be treated
Prescribes any other non-label use of OTC or Rx drug
Use Only FDA Approved Drugs
 Over-the
does not require a prescription.
 Prescription
- can only be used by or on the order of a
licensed veterinarian.
Good Production Practice #5
Educate all family members about:
Knowledge of the Information
Found on the Drug Label
Read and follow the label.
 Pay close attention to withdrawal time,
dosage rates, diseases treated, species and
expiration dates.
 Disposable needles and syringes are sanitary
and easy to use.
 Clean reusable syringes and needles properly.
 Always check for burrs on needles
 Change needles often to reduce tissue damage
and reduce the chance of a broken needle.
Types of Delivery Systems
In the muscle (intramuscular - IM)
- Use a spot on the neck (in front of shoulder).
- Never inject in the rump, loin or quarter area.
- Use the proper needle size.
- Limit to 10cc or ml per injection site for cattle and
Limit to 5 cc or ml per injection site for sheep and goats.
- Use smallest diameter needle that is practical
(higher gauge =smaller needle diameter)
Proper Injection Sites
Proper Injection Sites
Proper Injection Sites
In Inside Skin
Of Flanks
Other Types of Delivery Systems
Under the skin (subcutaneous - SQ)
- Inject only into clean, dry areas.
In the abdominal cavity (intraperitoneal - IP)
- Should be used only upon veterinary
instructions and guidance as serious injury
to the animal can occur.
Other Types of Delivery Systems
In the vein (intravenous - IV)
- Should be used only upon veterinary
instructions and guidance as serious injury
to the animal can occur.
In the nasal passages (intranasal - IN)
- Nasal exposure allows for immediate product
-Uses special application tip
Sanitation is Essential
Wipe off the top of vaccine bottles before inserting
needles (not with a sanitizer).
Don’t put the needles you’re using to vaccinate back
into the vaccine bottle.
Change needles every 10 to 15 uses.
Discard any needle with a bend or burr.
Use a clean injection site.
Properly dispose of bottles and other packaging.
Poor Sanitation
Improper Injection
Types of Delivery Systems
 Oral
 Topical Application
 Drinking Water Application
 Feed Additive Application
Good Production Practice #6
Use drug residue tests when appropriate.
When breeding animals are culled.
When animals receive extra label drug use treatment.
When feeder livestock are harvested.
When exhibiting at stock shows and fairs.
Good Production Practice #7
Establish an efficient and effective
herd health management plan.
Involving the whole family makes it fun!!
A Healthy Project
Preventing a disease is cheaper than treating it.
 Many health problems can be controlled by
 Bio-security.
 Veterinarian/Client/Patient relationship
 Review production and financial records.
Good Production Practice #8
Provide proper animal care.
Comfortable animals perform better.
Good Husbandry Practices
Daily observation.
 Proper animal handling.
 Clean, comfortable, safe facilities.
 Clean water and a nutritionally balanced diet.
 Develop project health programs with
veterinary advice.
 Transport your project without undue stress.
Quality Management
Keep facilities and equipment in good condition.
 Watch for nails, loose boards and other hazards
that could tear the hide or skin or cause
injuries that invite infection.
 Be sure there is good drainage to avoid standing
water and excess manure.
Good Production Practice #9
Follow appropriate on-farm feed and
commercial feed processor procedures.
Good housekeeping
Clean and safe equipment
Organized work areas
Record keeping
Animal Feeding
The importance of quality
feed to livestock project
cannot be over emphasized.
Prevent feed contamination.
 Provide reasonable assurance
that the feed is prepared
Facilities and Equipment
Prevent accumulation of dust that could
contaminate feeds.
 Pick up spills.
 Design storage areas to avoid accidental
contamination of feed with toxic or other
non-feed substances.
 Store feed secure from livestock - overeating!
Good Production Practice #10
Complete Youth Quality Assurance
checklist annually, then re-certify
as required.
Keep up to date with new industry practices.
Evaluate production to ensure GPP’s are being
Colorado Youth Meat Quality Assurance
By making a commitment to producing
quality meat products, you provide a
service to your customers - and become a
trusted supplier.
Colorado Youth Meat Quality Assurance
More importantly, it sets a standard for
quality livestock production
that upholds the tradition of
4-H FFA programs, and enhances
the reputation of our products - essential
ingredients for the continued success of
livestock industry.

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