Yukl's Leadership Behaviors

Greatest Threats to Survival
• Nuclear War
• Uncontrollable Virus/Disease
• Inability to Sustain a Healthy
• Integrity of Society’s Institutions
Leadership Falsehoods
• Leadership is Common Sense
• Determinism:
– Leaders are Born
– Leaders are Charismatic
– Leadership Cannot Be Learned
• Mechanization
– Leadership is Skill-Based
– Leadership takes Training
• Authoritarianism/Materialism
– Leadership Requires Possessions
• Position or Wealth
Leadership Theories: History
• 20’s control & centralization
• 30’s: away from control toward group
• 40’s: more group theory
• 50’s: Behaviorist theory was added
• 60’s: Behavior that influences people
toward shared goals
• 70’s: Transactional view of leadership,
• 80’s: Recast as “great person” theory
Some Definitions: Leadership is…
• Driving change and growth (a popular belief)
• An influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend
real changes that reflect their mutual purposes (Rost)
• Deliberately causing people-driven actions, in a planned fashion, for
the purpose of accomplishing the leader’s agenda (Crosby)
• About making sense together of the unknown (Weick)
• About making meaning in a community of practice (Droth & Palus)
• The illusory social construct that we use to describe the process of
accomplishment experienced through emergence (Woolf)
• The process of maximizing the capability of people to fulfill purpose
through the development of character (Jacobs)
• Committed to vision, reality, ethics and courage (Koestenbaum)
• To help people to face reality and to mobilize them to make change
• Inventing a new reality and creating new possibilities (Senge)
• Contributing to progress by attending to that which limits and stifles
the realization of potential (a new thought)
“Three Skills for Today’s Leaders”
• Learn to Be Comfortable with Ambiguity
– rapidly changing markets
– uncertain future
• Learn to Be Comfortable with Complexity
– organizations are non-linear networks
– holism vs reductionism
• Learn to Be Comfortable with Groups of
– authority not concentrated
– organization is a social system
Source: Harvard Management Update, Nov ‘99 Vol. 4, No. 11
Some Qualities of Martin Luther King
Adapt Message
Learn from Experience
Inclusionary in Vision
Utilized Principles Common to All
Risk Taker (Challenged “What Is”)
Always in Search of Knowledge
Some Qualities of Eleanor Roosevelt
Risk Taker (Challenged “What Is”)
Willing to Learn
Sincere & Sensitive
Some Qualities of Alfred P. Sloan
Creative & Innovative
Risk Taker (Challenged “What Is”)
Learned from Others & Led by Example
“In Touch”
Help Others to Better Themselves
(Mutual) Respect
Non-confrontational, Appropriate use of
Yukl’s Leadership Behaviors
• Task - Oriented
• Relations - Oriented
• Transformation - Oriented
Task - Oriented
• Organize Work for Efficiency
• Plan
• Clarify Role Expectations
• Facilitate Collection &
Dissemination of Information
• Resolve Immediate Work
Disrupting Problems
Relations - Oriented
• Listen Attentively to People
• Provide Support & Encouragement
• Socialize to Build Relationships
• Recognize Accomplishment &
• Coach & Mentor
• Consult w/ & Keep People Informed
About Decisions that Affect Them
Transformation - Oriented
• Model Behavior that is Desired
• Encourage Different Perspectives
• Encourage & Facilitate Learning
• Foresee the Possibilities
• Take Risks, Experiement
• Develop a Critical Mass for Change

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