Yukl's Leadership Behaviors

Report
Greatest Threats to Survival
• Nuclear War
• Uncontrollable Virus/Disease
• Inability to Sustain a Healthy
Environment
• Integrity of Society’s Institutions
Leadership Falsehoods
• Leadership is Common Sense
• Determinism:
– Leaders are Born
– Leaders are Charismatic
– Leadership Cannot Be Learned
• Mechanization
– Leadership is Skill-Based
– Leadership takes Training
• Authoritarianism/Materialism
– Leadership Requires Possessions
• Position or Wealth
Leadership Theories: History
• 20’s control & centralization
• 30’s: away from control toward group
influence
• 40’s: more group theory
• 50’s: Behaviorist theory was added
• 60’s: Behavior that influences people
toward shared goals
• 70’s: Transactional view of leadership,
behaviorist
• 80’s: Recast as “great person” theory
Some Definitions: Leadership is…
• Driving change and growth (a popular belief)
• An influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend
real changes that reflect their mutual purposes (Rost)
• Deliberately causing people-driven actions, in a planned fashion, for
the purpose of accomplishing the leader’s agenda (Crosby)
• About making sense together of the unknown (Weick)
• About making meaning in a community of practice (Droth & Palus)
• The illusory social construct that we use to describe the process of
accomplishment experienced through emergence (Woolf)
• The process of maximizing the capability of people to fulfill purpose
through the development of character (Jacobs)
• Committed to vision, reality, ethics and courage (Koestenbaum)
• To help people to face reality and to mobilize them to make change
(Heifetz)
• Inventing a new reality and creating new possibilities (Senge)
• Contributing to progress by attending to that which limits and stifles
the realization of potential (a new thought)
“Three Skills for Today’s Leaders”
• Learn to Be Comfortable with Ambiguity
– rapidly changing markets
– uncertain future
• Learn to Be Comfortable with Complexity
– organizations are non-linear networks
– holism vs reductionism
• Learn to Be Comfortable with Groups of
People
– authority not concentrated
– organization is a social system
Source: Harvard Management Update, Nov ‘99 Vol. 4, No. 11
Some Qualities of Martin Luther King
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Adapt Message
Learn from Experience
Inclusionary in Vision
Inspiring
Utilized Principles Common to All
Fair
Risk Taker (Challenged “What Is”)
Always in Search of Knowledge
Some Qualities of Eleanor Roosevelt
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Resourceful
Risk Taker (Challenged “What Is”)
Confident
Adaptable
Determined
Willing to Learn
Humble
Consistent
Sincere & Sensitive
Some Qualities of Alfred P. Sloan
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Creative & Innovative
Risk Taker (Challenged “What Is”)
Inspirational
Learned from Others & Led by Example
“In Touch”
Help Others to Better Themselves
(Mutual) Respect
Inclusive
Non-confrontational, Appropriate use of
Power
Yukl’s Leadership Behaviors
• Task - Oriented
• Relations - Oriented
• Transformation - Oriented
Task - Oriented
• Organize Work for Efficiency
• Plan
• Clarify Role Expectations
• Facilitate Collection &
Dissemination of Information
• Resolve Immediate Work
Disrupting Problems
Relations - Oriented
• Listen Attentively to People
• Provide Support & Encouragement
• Socialize to Build Relationships
• Recognize Accomplishment &
Contributions
• Coach & Mentor
• Consult w/ & Keep People Informed
About Decisions that Affect Them
Transformation - Oriented
• Model Behavior that is Desired
• Encourage Different Perspectives
• Encourage & Facilitate Learning
• Foresee the Possibilities
• Take Risks, Experiement
• Develop a Critical Mass for Change

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