Snímka 1

• 1.Tatras 1.1 Introduction
1.2 Location
1.3 Discerption
1.4 Relief
1.5 Tarns
1.7 Waterfalls
1.8 Climate
1.9 Fauna
1.10 Flora
1.11 Tourism 1.11.1 Sports
1.11.2 The most frequently visited place
1.11.3 Museums
The Tatra Mountains are the highest mountain
range in the Carpathian Mountains. Although
considerably smaller than the Alps, they are
classified as having an alpine landscape. Their
high mountain character, combined with great
accessibility, makes them popular with tourists
and scientists. The highest peak is Gerlach in
height 2655 m.
1.2 Location
• The High Tatras are situated in the north part
of Slovakia. It’s placed on the small area with
length 26 kilometers so the High Tatras are the
1.3 Discerption
The Tatras consist of:
• The Western Tatras
• The Eastern Tatras which consist of:
– High Tatras
– Belianske Tatras
TheWestern Tatras
The High Tatras
The Belianske Tatras (with name of some peaks)
1.4 Relief
• Tatras relief is the work of rivers and mountain
• There were together 41 mountain glaciers
which rolled down the valleys and created a
distinctive V-shaped valley, U. In several places
the moraine walls consisting of huge boulders,
gravel and clay.
Javorová valley
Liptovská valley
Tichá valley
Žiarska valley
1.5 Tarns
• In Quaternary the early warming was melting of
glaciers. In some places are glacial lakes- tarns. In
the Tatra Mountains is more than 200 lakes.
Largest in the territory of Slovakia is Large
Hincovo tarn in Mengus valley. They are also
known Nižné and Vyšné Tarn, Štrbské
tarn,Popradské tarn, Rocky and Green Tarn. The
territory of Tatras belongs to the Drainage area
Black Sea and Baltic Sea. Many famous rivers rise
in the Tatras. For example, Vah.
Štrbské tarn
Štrbské tarn
Popradské tarn
Big Hrincovo tarn (biggest one)
1.7 Waterfalls
• The best known are: A huge waterfall in the
mouth of Cold Creek and jump waterfall in
Mlynska Valley.
The Jump Waterfall
The Huge Waterfall
1.8 Climate
• The climate has more alpine character is so
cool and damp affected by the division of
individual relief. Snow cover in the Tatras
persists. In the valleys measured 180 cm in the
higher areas up to 250 cm. In difficult terrain
there is therefore a slide avalanches. For
Tatras is a typical windy weather 300 days per
a year. The average annual temperature for
1000m.n is 5 degrees Celsius in July 15
degrees Celsius.
1.9 Fauna
• The Tatra Mountains are home to many species
of animals: 54 tardigrades, 22 turbellarians, 100
rotifers, 22 copepods, 162 spiders, 81 molluscs,
43 mammals, 200 birds, 7 amphibians and 2
reptiles. The most notable mammals are the Tatra
chamois, marmot, snow vole, brown bear, wolf,
Eurasia lynx, red deer, roe deer, and wild boar.
Notable fish include the brook trout and
alpinebullhead. The endemic arthropod species
include a caddis fly, spider and a springtail.
Snow vole
1.10 Flora
• The Mountains have a diverse variety of plants. They
are home to more than 1,000 species of vascular
plants, about 450 mosses, 200 liverworts, 700 lichens,
900 fungi, and 70 slime moulds. There are five climaticvegetation belts in the Tatras:
• The distribution of plants depends on altitude:
• up to 1,300 m: Carpathian beech forest; almost no
shrub layer, herb layer occupies most of the forest floor
• to 1,550 m: Spruce forest; shrub layer poorly
developed, mosses are a major component
• to 1,800 m: Mountain Pine, numerous herbs
• to 2,300 m: high altitude grasslands
• from 2,300 m up: Subnivean - bare rock and almost no
vegetation (mostly lichens)
1.11 Tourism
• The region of the High Tatras is rich in natural
beauties . There are very good conditions for
mountain sports both in summer and in
winter . Due to their climate position and
altitude the mountains have very good
conditions for curing respiratory diseases.
1.11.1 Sports
• The High Tatras offer wide range of sports.
The main touristic centers are in the south of
the Tatras. People can choose from many
kinds of sports – skiing, alpine skiing, bungee
jumping, hang-gliding, but the most famous
are climbing and hiking
• Skiing- The region offers an ideal conditions
for skiing in top ski centers. (Podbanské,
Štrbské Pleso, Smokovce, Tatranská Lomnica,
Skalnaté pleso, Ždiar.)
• Climbing- It´s professional and one of the
most fascinating sports in the HT . The most
attractive hills are Volia veža, Žabí kôň,
Batizovský štít, Velická stena, Široká veža, or
Ľadový štít.
• Hiking- Most visitors come to the HT to hike.
In the High Tatras there is a good network of
hiking routes (297.5 km).
1.11.2 The most frequently visited
• Popradské pleso- it´s a starting-point for
important hiking tours. There is a symbolic
cementery where people can see memorial
boards of people who died in the HT
• Štrbské pleso- it´s a tourist and medical centre. It
is famous for its sports complex and one of the
world winter events is held there every year. The
area has six ski tows and chairlifts.
• Skalnaté pleso- it´s the ski resort with the highest
altitude and also the best downhill skiing resort.
• Lomnický štít- there is an observatory. People can
get there by a cable railroad
• Rysy- is a border peak between Slovakia and
Poland, it´s the highest peak in Poland
• Kriváň- is a symbol of Slovakia and freedom of
Slavs. We Slovaks believe that a true Slovak
patriot should climb Kriváň at least once in their
Lomnický Peak
1.11.3 Museums
• The museum of Liptovská dedina village was
opened when LM dam was constructed. Some
characteristic houses of the villages where
moved to the museum because the villages
were flooded during the construction of the
• The museum of TANAP pictures Tatra´s nature
and history of human relations to nature.

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