Module 9: Diversification and Income Earning Opportunities

The information contained in the nine (9) PowerPoint presentations is intended for general use to
assist qualified Extension Officers to communicate the material covered in the Manual “Managing
Indigenous Pastoral Lands” to Indigenous pastoralists and their advisors and other stakeholders. It
includes general statements based on scientific research. Extension officers are advised to seek
training in the delivery of the PowerPoints where necessary.
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PowerPoints. Before taking any action or decision based on the information in the PowerPoint
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WARNING: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander attendees should be aware that the following
presentations may contain images or names of people who have since passed away.
• Community members can earn income by
diversification away from the straight
running of their cattle stations:
o if owners of land do not have enough
o if members cannot find work on their
own land
• Use business strengths to:
o sub-lease or take in agistment for others to
run their cattle
o provide contract services and labour to
cattle stations
o earn incomes from mining, tourism, meat
processing, and carbon farming
• Make a business plan first, for income earning
Traditional Owners make written agreements for
others to use their property by subleasing or
granting grazing licences (in NT) for a fee
• longer terms 5+5 years or more
• may apply to all or part of the property
• multiple agreements can exist on one property
(properly identify cattle)
• remuneration can also include capital works,
training and employment
Traditional Owners can make written agreements
for others to agist cattle on their property for a fee
• Shorter terms, around one year
• May apply to all or part of the property
• Multiple agreements can exist on one
property but cattle need to be properly
• State whether stock are able to run together
or kept separate
Contracting Services
Contracting Services
Off farm income can be earned by contracting to
supply services to other pastoralists through
• Contract mustering
• Fencing and yard building
• Civil works contracts for earth moving and
road works
• Weed and feral animal control for stations
and parks
Establishing and Managing a
Contracting Business
• Apply for an Australian Business Number
• Obtain Public Liability Insurance
• Obtain a Workers Compensation policy
• Deduct Pay as You Go (PAYG) Taxation
• Control work done so there is no dispute with
property owner
Contracting Services
Example of Mustering Contract
• Quote as ‘price per head ’(for all cattle that come
through the yards)
• Supply all labour plant and equipment to complete the
job (may include helicopters)
• Deliver all weaners and sale cattle to main station yards
• Agree on husbandry practices (branding, dehorning,
• Keep an accurate account of cattle numbers, records,
descriptions and return cattle to original paddock
Contracting Services
Example of Mustering Contract
• Supply agreed chemicals and vaccines
• Supply gas for branding and all brands
and earmarks
• Provide all hay and feed for weaners and
sale cattle
Direct Employment in Cattle
Direct Employment in Cattle Industry
• Indigenous cattle stations (ILC and Non-ILC).
• Non Indigenous cattle stations
• Both Indigenous and Non-Indigenous stations
advertise nationally in rural newspapers and
• Contact ILC, ILS, IPP, your local Aboriginal
Corporation or cattle companies direct
• Training providers and institutes can also advise
of employment opportunities
Mining Royalties and Employment
Mining companies may
• Pay royalties and limited cash compensation
to communities if their activities affect
aboriginal land
• Offer employment and training under
corporate social responsibility policies
• Offer seed funding for small business
• Protect heritage
Tourism provides:
• Employment and income opportunities
o Ecotourism
o Creative artistic and cultural activities
• Training in tourism, hospitality, automotive,
mechanical and horticulture e.g. Home Valley,
East Kimberley
• General employment in Non-Indigenous
tourism ventures and in hospitality in the region
Home Valley Station with Tourist Complex
Bindoola Falls Home Valley
Home Valley
Small Scale Abattoirs
Small Scale Abattoirs
Abattoirs provide:
• Opportunities to kill and process own cattle
• Retail through local butcher shops and sell to
• Ability to sell beef to aboriginal tourism
• Training and employment in processing and
Carbon Farming
Carbon Farming Initiative (CFI)
• A carbon offset scheme to reduce greenhouse gas
pollution by storing carbon or reducing emissions
• Australian Carbon Credit Units created under the
CFI- sell to Australian industry to help meet their
regulatory requirements for pollution reduction
Carbon Farming
Savanna fires
• greatest source of greenhouse emissions in the NT
• management projects - create carbon credits by
strategic early dry season burning to reduce
wildfire emissions later in the year
• earn income, provide employment, strengthen ties
to culture and country, opportunity for Indigenous
people to stay on their ancestral lands
• check eligibility and contact ILC for assistance
with proposals
Diversification Summary
• Sub-let stations and others need staff to run stock (e.g.
contract muster), control weeds and feral animals,
build and repair fences, yards, waters and roads
• Expanding tourism and mining provide remote
pastoral communities with employment and income
• Prospects exist in meat processing, carbon farming
and as rangers
• Training will allow you to join the main stream in
providing goods and services to the cattle industry

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