BookThreeUnitThree

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Book Three
Unit Three
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What Did They Send to the Kids?
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Grammar
一般動詞有「及物動詞」 與「不及物動詞」之分別。
及物動詞+受詞 (受詞通常為名詞或代名詞)
例:I love you.
My mother needs my help.
He made a big cake for me.
句中 love,needs,made後面有受詞 you,my help,
a big cake,所以都是及物動詞。
不及物動詞+(介係詞+受詞)
例:I listen to music every night.
He looked at me happily.
My father walks to work every day.
句中 listen,looked,walks後面沒有直接加受詞 ,
所以都是不及物動詞。
授與動詞
授與動詞有兩個受詞,一個受詞是人(間接受詞),另
一個受詞是物(直接受詞)。
句型(一):主詞+授與動詞+人+物
例:I wrote my mother a letter last night.
He gave me a gift on my birthday.
Can you lend me some money?
Selina showed us her pictures during break.
I bought him a cake yesterday.
My sister brought me an umbrella after school.
I sent the little girl some dolls.
I asked my teacher a question.
句型(二):主詞+授與動詞+物+介係詞 +人
例:I wrote a letter to my mother last night.
He gave a gift to me on my birthday.
Can you lend some money to me?
Selina showed her pictures to us during break.
I bought a cake for him yesterday.
My sister brought an umbrella to me after school.
I sent some dolls to the little girl .
I asked a question of my teacher .
句型(三):主詞+授與動詞+物(代名詞)+介係詞 +人
例:I wrote a letter to my mother last night.
I wrote it to my mother last night.
I wrote my mother it last night. (╳)
例:He gave a gift to me on my birthday.
He gave it to me on my birthday.
He gave me it on my birthday. (╳)
例:Selina showed her pictures to us during break.
Selina showed them to us during break.
Selina showed us them during break. (╳)
當授與動詞的受詞物(直接受詞)為代名詞 it 或
them時 ,只能用物(代名詞)+介係詞 +人。
所有代名詞
 所有代名詞用來代替「所有格+名詞 」
人稱代名詞的所有代名詞
第一人稱
單數
mine(=my+名詞)
複數
ours(=our+名詞)
第二人稱
yours(=your+名詞)
yours(=your+名詞)
第三人稱 his (=his+名詞)
hers (=her+名詞)
theirs(=their+名詞)
人名的所有代名詞與其所有格相同
例:Mary 的所有代名詞Mary’s
一般名詞的所有代名詞與其所有格相同
例:the boy 的所有代名詞the boy’s
所有代名詞的功能
(一)代替前面提過的名詞,以避免重複。
例:This is my bike, not your bike.
This is my bike, not yours.
(二)形成「雙重所有格」
所有格不能和a、an、this、that、one、some、any
並用,需用「雙重所有格」表示所有的關係。
例:John is a friend of mine.
注意!!
所有代名詞是單數或複數,無法從字面判斷,
是根據取代的名詞來決定。
 例:My book is on the desk, but yours isn’t.
My books are on the desk, but yours aren’t.
英文講義
 P.44 翻譯
 1. He bought a box of chocolate for his son.
He bought his son a box of chocolate.
 2. Whose hat is that? It’s mine.
 P.45 翻譯
 1. Those cookies are hers, right?
 2. I bought two pairs of gloves.
 3. My family gave them to me on Christmas Eve.
 P.47 翻譯
 1. Thanks again for your visit.
Thank you again for your visit.
 2. Let’s say sorry to her in person.
 3. I sent the kids some toys and shoes.
I sent some toys and shoes to the kids.
 4. The little girl wants a doll, a bike, a pair of gloves,
and more.
 5. Thanks to Helen, we all had a great time last night.
 P.49 改寫句子:將直接受詞 (物)改成代名詞。
 1. Mrs. Lin bought them for him.
 2. My cousin wrote it to me.
 3. Please give it to her.
 4. Mark showed them to us.
 P.50 翻譯
 1. Mom made you a sandwich.
Mom made a sandwich for you.
 2. She sold her brother the car.
She sold the car to her brother.
 3. Andy sent his sister a box of oranges.
Andy sent a box of oranges to his sister.
 4. We sang those kids a Christmas song.
We sang a Christmas song to those kids.
 P.54 依提示作答
 1. Whose are the dolls?
Whose dolls are they?
 2. My sister gave it to him.
 3. Mrs. Carter bought her husband a sandwich.
Mrs. Carter bought a sandwich for her husband.
 4.The boy showed the coupon to his classmates.
 5. These drinks are all expensive.
 P.54 看圖詳答問題
 1. He sent a letter to his mom.
 2. She showed him a picture.
 P.55 翻譯
 1. This vest is yours, not mine.
 2. It’s very kind of your parents.
 3. She sent a belt to him from the USA.
 4. My aunt gave me a pair of gloves.
 5. They donated many toys to the children’s home.
 6. Let me guess. This baseball cap is Sue’s, right?

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