Book Three Unit Three W What Did They Send to the Kids? w Grammar 一般動詞有「及物動詞」 與「不及物動詞」之分別。 及物動詞＋受詞 (受詞通常為名詞或代名詞) 例：I love you. My mother needs my help. He made a big cake for me. 句中 love，needs，made後面有受詞 you，my help， a big cake，所以都是及物動詞。 不及物動詞＋(介係詞＋受詞) 例：I listen to music every night. He looked at me happily. My father walks to work every day. 句中 listen，looked，walks後面沒有直接加受詞 ， 所以都是不及物動詞。 授與動詞 授與動詞有兩個受詞，一個受詞是人(間接受詞)，另 一個受詞是物(直接受詞)。 句型(一)：主詞＋授與動詞＋人＋物 例：I wrote my mother a letter last night. He gave me a gift on my birthday. Can you lend me some money? Selina showed us her pictures during break. I bought him a cake yesterday. My sister brought me an umbrella after school. I sent the little girl some dolls. I asked my teacher a question. 句型(二)：主詞＋授與動詞＋物＋介係詞 ＋人 例：I wrote a letter to my mother last night. He gave a gift to me on my birthday. Can you lend some money to me? Selina showed her pictures to us during break. I bought a cake for him yesterday. My sister brought an umbrella to me after school. I sent some dolls to the little girl . I asked a question of my teacher . 句型(三)：主詞＋授與動詞＋物(代名詞)＋介係詞 ＋人 例：I wrote a letter to my mother last night. I wrote it to my mother last night. I wrote my mother it last night. (╳) 例：He gave a gift to me on my birthday. He gave it to me on my birthday. He gave me it on my birthday. (╳) 例：Selina showed her pictures to us during break. Selina showed them to us during break. Selina showed us them during break. (╳) 當授與動詞的受詞物(直接受詞)為代名詞 it 或 them時 ，只能用物(代名詞)＋介係詞 ＋人。 所有代名詞 所有代名詞用來代替「所有格＋名詞 」 人稱代名詞的所有代名詞 第一人稱 單數 mine(=my+名詞) 複數 ours(=our+名詞) 第二人稱 yours(=your+名詞) yours(=your+名詞) 第三人稱 his (=his+名詞) hers (=her+名詞) theirs(=their+名詞) 人名的所有代名詞與其所有格相同 例：Mary 的所有代名詞Mary’s 一般名詞的所有代名詞與其所有格相同 例：the boy 的所有代名詞the boy’s 所有代名詞的功能 (一)代替前面提過的名詞，以避免重複。 例：This is my bike, not your bike. This is my bike, not yours. (二)形成「雙重所有格」 所有格不能和a、an、this、that、one、some、any 並用，需用「雙重所有格」表示所有的關係。 例：John is a friend of mine. 注意!! 所有代名詞是單數或複數，無法從字面判斷， 是根據取代的名詞來決定。 例：My book is on the desk, but yours isn’t. My books are on the desk, but yours aren’t. 英文講義 P.44 翻譯 1. He bought a box of chocolate for his son. He bought his son a box of chocolate. 2. Whose hat is that? It’s mine. P.45 翻譯 1. Those cookies are hers, right? 2. I bought two pairs of gloves. 3. My family gave them to me on Christmas Eve. P.47 翻譯 1. Thanks again for your visit. Thank you again for your visit. 2. Let’s say sorry to her in person. 3. I sent the kids some toys and shoes. I sent some toys and shoes to the kids. 4. The little girl wants a doll, a bike, a pair of gloves, and more. 5. Thanks to Helen, we all had a great time last night. P.49 改寫句子：將直接受詞 (物)改成代名詞。 1. Mrs. Lin bought them for him. 2. My cousin wrote it to me. 3. Please give it to her. 4. Mark showed them to us. P.50 翻譯 1. Mom made you a sandwich. Mom made a sandwich for you. 2. She sold her brother the car. She sold the car to her brother. 3. Andy sent his sister a box of oranges. Andy sent a box of oranges to his sister. 4. We sang those kids a Christmas song. We sang a Christmas song to those kids. P.54 依提示作答 1. Whose are the dolls? Whose dolls are they? 2. My sister gave it to him. 3. Mrs. Carter bought her husband a sandwich. Mrs. Carter bought a sandwich for her husband. 4.The boy showed the coupon to his classmates. 5. These drinks are all expensive. P.54 看圖詳答問題 1. He sent a letter to his mom. 2. She showed him a picture. P.55 翻譯 1. This vest is yours, not mine. 2. It’s very kind of your parents. 3. She sent a belt to him from the USA. 4. My aunt gave me a pair of gloves. 5. They donated many toys to the children’s home. 6. Let me guess. This baseball cap is Sue’s, right?