Slide 1

Report
Francisco Sancho
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C-Neutrality (vision) should become a
conductive strategy (action): Roadmap for the
different sectors
Several development and CC initiatives are
converging with LEDS, but with a dispersion
of public and private efforts
LEDS approach can catalyze, enhance and
create synergy in public and private
investment, financing and international
cooperation
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The country has not a low emission
development pattern in key sectors
Source
2005
%
Energy
5.688.600
46%
Agriculture
4.603.900
37%
672.500
5%
1.320.900
11%
Industry
Waste Management
Sub Total
12.285.900
-3.506.700
Land Use Chance and Forestry
Total
Source: Instituto Meteorológico Nacional, MINAET. 2009
8.779.200
-29%
2030
2029
2028
2027
2026
2025
2024
2023
Otros
2022
2021
2020
Electricidad
2019
2018
2017
2016
Combustibles Fósiles
2015
2014
5.0
2013
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
6.0
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
Gg de CO2e
Projected emission
increases mostly on fossil
fuels
2000
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
1990
1989
1988
1987
1986
1985
1984
1983
1982
1981
1980
Millones de TM de CO2
7.0
CO2 Emissions from Fossil
Fuels
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
Desechos Sólidos
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
Source: NEEDS
5,000
0
Projected growth
pattern linked to
increase in fossil
fuels consumption
Fuente: Elaboración propia con datos de la DSE y el BCCR
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95% of generation and 80% of installed power is a
renewable park
Since 2033 hydroelectric potential depletion, requiring
alternative renewable sources
Projected electricity demand and supply by type of source
Source: MINAET-DSE
66% of N2O
emission related
to banana, sugar
and coffee
40% of total
emission related
to cattle
Fixation in forests
Fixation in wood
Source: FUNDECOR
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90% of construction based on cement and iron
Culture around these materials
Forestry needs to increase wood market
Development
goals
Environmental
goals
Investment &
employment
Climate change
finance
Climate and
development
related programs
Technology
adoption
Sustainable
growth

Strong leadership: government priority with national
entities and stakeholders commitment to action:
◦ Local champions and a strong team
◦ Stakeholder engagement (planning, analysis, requirements,
ownership and consensus)
◦ Capacity building
◦ Sharing of approaches and experiences
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Study to identifying base lines or reference scenario,
future evolution and mitigation options and associated
cost for low carbon emission scenario (bottom-up
approach)
Flexible (learning-by-doing) framework in adapting to a
variety of sectoral conditions (coordination, regulatory
capacity, resource availability, level of political support,
private sector investment)
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Effective integration of programs from
national institutions, private sector, NGOs
and international agencies
Integration of CC initiatives:
◦ National Economic, Environment and Development Study
(NEEDS)
◦ Market Readiness (PMR)
◦ Technology Needs Assessments (TNA)
◦ Reducing Emissions from Deforestation
and Forest Degradation (REDD+)
◦ Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)
◦ National Adaptation Plans of Actions (NAPAs)
◦ Bilateral programs
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Development of low-emissions strategies with
concrete economic and social benefits
◦ Effective plans with policy framework to establish an
enabling environment
◦ Capacity building programs
◦ Strategy for technology transference
◦ Conducting a barrier analysis and removal strategy
◦ Providing the necessary cohesive institutional arrangements
◦ Setting concrete results (metrics and MRV scheme)
◦ Assess financing needs and design financial architecture
◦ Continual monitoring
◦ Feedback and refinement
Fuente: NEEDS

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