EOG Preperation
Poetry Elements (1)
• Songs are poems.
• Poems on a printed page often have their own “music”
(rhyme, rhythm, rules on number of syllables, etc.)
• The first time you read through a poem, read for the
main idea. Reread the poem many times.
• Look for comparisons in the poem.
– Figurative language:
• Simile
• Metaphor
• Personification
• Hyperbole
Poetry Elements (2)
• Different kinds of poetry:
– Light verse
– Narrative poetry
– Haiku
– Sonnet
– Free verse
– Pattern poetry
– Limerick
– Concrete poems
Light Verse Poems
• A poem that is playful and
• Often feature “word play”
and puns
• Lots of rhyming
• Lots of alliteration
Light Verse Poem:
My Brother is a Quarterback by Jack Prelutsky
My brother is a quarterback,
I rarely catch a pass,
and he can run a marathon,
I soon run out of gas,
he pitches for his baseball team,
I pop up on his curve,
and he’s an ace at tennis,
I can’t return his serve.
My brother dunks the basketball,
I dribble like a mule,
he swims like a torpedo,
I flounder in the pool,
he’s accurate at archery,
I hardly ever score,
he boxes and he wrestles,
I wind up on the floor.
My brother catches lots of fish,
I haven’t any luck,
he’s captain of his hockey team,
I can’t control the puck,
his bowling’s unbelievable,
I bowl like a buffoon,
he says someday I’ll start to win…
I hope someday is soon.
Light Verse Poem:
When I Grow Up by Jack Prelutsky
When I grow up I think that I
may pilot rockets through the sky,
grow orchards full of apple trees,
or find a way to cure disease.
Perhaps I’ll run for president,
design a robot, or invent
unique computerized machines
or miniature submarines.
When I grow up, I’d like to be
the captain of a ship at sea,
an architect, a clown or cook,
the writer of a famous book.
I just might be the one to teach
a chimpanzee the art of speech…
but what I’ll really be, I’ll bet
I’ve not begun to think of yet.
Narrative Poems
• A poem that tells a story
• They have a plot, a setting, and
• It is always told by a narrator
• Stories can be serious or
humorous…it doesn’t matter as
long as it tells a story
• Casey at the Bat was a narrative
Narrative Poem: The Story of Augustus Who
Would Not have Any Soup? By Henrich Hoffmann
Augustus was a chubby lad;
Fat ruddy cheeks Augustus had:
And everybody saw with joy
The plump and hearty, healthy boy.
He ate and drank as he was told,
And never let his soup get cold.
But one day, one cold winter’s day,
He screamed out “Take the soup away!
O take the nasty soup away!
I won’t have any soup today.”
Next day, now look, the picture shows
How lank and lean Augustus grows!
Yet, though he feels so weak and ill,
The naughty fellow cries out still
“Not any soup for me, I say:
O take the nasty soup away!
I WON’T have any soup today.”
Look at him, now the fourth day’s come!
He scarcely weighs a sugar-plum;
He’s like a little bit of thread,
And, on the fifth day, he was – dead!
• Japanese form of poetry
• Combines form, content, and language
• 17 syllables in 3 lines with following pattern:
– First line: 5 syllables
– Second line: 7 syllables
– Third line: 5 syllables
• Usually has nature theme
• A haiku doesn’t rhyme
Haiku Poem
The Rose
The red blossom bends
and drips its dew to the ground.
Like a tear it falls.
A Rainbow
Curving up, then down.
Meeting blue sky and green
melding sun and rain.
What is a Sonnet?
• Content: must praise something or someone
• 14 lines
• Each line is an iambic pentameter (10
syllables; 5 stressed and 5 unstressed)
• Rhyming pattern is abab cdcd efef gg
Sonnet 18
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimmed;
And every fair from fair sometimes declines,
By chance, or nature’s changing course, untrimmed;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest,
Nor shall death brag thou wander’st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest;
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
What is a Free Verse Poem?
Does not have rules
Does not rhyme
Does not have a meter
It does have carefully chosen words
It can be compared to a song that
doesn’t rhyme
• You can decide when to break your
poem into stanzas (can be 2 or
more lines per stanza)
Free Verse Poem :
Fog by Carl Sandburg
The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on.
Pattern Poem: Cinquain
A 5-line poem following a pattern.
Based loosely on the Japanese Haiku.
They DO NOT have rhyming words in them.
The cinquain poem is all about description.
Cinquains do not have titles.
However, the first line serves
as the subject.
What is the Structure?
Line 1:
Line 2:
Line 3:
Line 4:
Line 5:
A one-word line. It should be a noun.
This is your subject. (1)
Two adjectives about the subject. (2)
Three verbs that end in –ing that are
about the subject. (3)
Four or five words that express your
feelings about the subject or a phrase
about the subject. (4-5)
One word synonym about the subject. (1)
Cinquain Poem
Hearty, healthy
Growing, falling, rolling
Ripening slowly on fruit trees
The Limerick
• Rhyming, humorous,
nonsensical 5-line poem
• Follows a specific rhythm
and pattern (aabba)
• Made popular in the
1800’s by Edward Lear
• Often begin with
There once was…
There was a…
There was an old man with a beard,
Who said, “It is just as I feared! –
Two owls and a hen,
Four larks and a wren,
Have all build their nests in my beard.”
by Edward Lear
There was a young lady from Niger,
Who smiled as she rode on a tiger;
They returned from the ride
With the lady inside,
And the smile on the face of the tiger.
Concrete Poems
• Also called “Shape Poems”
or “Visual Poetry”
• The poem requires the
arrangement of words to
be as important a message
as the poetry in the poem
Poetry Elements (3)
• Pay attention to sound effects.
– Rhyme (repetition of sound)
– Rhythm (the beat of a poem)
– Alliteration (repeat initial consonant)
– Assonance (repeat internal vowel)
– Dialect (regionalism)
Summing Up: Poetry Elements
1. The first time you read through
a poem, read for the main idea.
2. Look for comparisons in the
3. Read the poem again and again.
4. Understand different kinds of
5. Pay attention to sound effects.
Buckle Down Activity
(Put all of your answers on a separate piece of paper)
• Read “Old Dog Dreaming” on page 103 (big book).
Answer questions 1-8.
• Read “Turning Twelve” on page 13 of Form A.
Answer questions 21–25.
• Read “Autumn Dreams” on page 18 of Form A.
Answer questions 33-37.
• When you finish a selection, come up to get answers
checked. 100% gets a prize. You get ONE CHANCE to
correct errors and still win a prize.

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