CENSORSHIP • What is censorship? Look for image if sales if justice her http://libraries.luc.edu/about/exhibits/banned/index.shtml The act, process, or practice of examining books, films, or other materials and suppressing what is considered objectionable. Why are books challenged???? Books usually are challenged with the best intentions—to protect others, frequently children, from difficult ideas and information. Censorship can be subtle, almost imperceptible, as well as blatant and overt, but nonetheless, harmful. Reasons for a Challenge… •Materials are “sexually explicit”; •materials contain “offensive language”; and/or •materials are “unsuited to an age group.” Who challenges books??? Throughout history different kinds of people and groups, for all sorts of reasons, have attempted—and continue to attempt—to suppress anything that conflicts or disagrees with their own beliefs. Which single group of people do you believe challenges most often? Parent Challenges According to The 100 Most Frequently Challenged Books, Challenges by Initiator, Institution, Type and Year parents challenge materials more often than any other group. www.ala.org CHALLENGING VERSUS BANNING A CHALLENGE is an attempt to remove or restrict materials, based upon the objections of a person or group. A BANNING is the removal of those materials. Challenges do not simply involve a person expressing a point of view; rather, they are an attempt to remove material from the curriculum or library, thereby restricting the access of others. The Top 10 Most Challenged Books of 2008 And Tango Makes Three by Peter Parnell and Justin Richardson His Dark Materials Trilogy by Philip Pullman ttyl (series) by Lauren Myracle Scary Stories Boxed Set by Alvin Schwartz Bless Me, Ultima by Rudolfo Anaya The Perks of Being a Wallflower by Stephen Chbosky Gossip Girl #1 (Series) by Cecily Von Ziegesar Uncle Bobby’s Wedding by Sarah S. Brannen The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseni Flashcards of My Life by Charise Mericle Harper • Source The 10 Most “Challenged” Books of 2008 http://www.flashlightworthybooks.com/Ten-10-Most-ChallengedBanned-Censored-Books-of-2008/426 Do you recognize any of these people??? 1 Images 1. Robert Cormier http://www.carr.org/mae/cormier/cormier.htm 2. Lois Duncan http://www.carr.org/mae/duncan/duncan.htm 3. Judy Blume http://www.judyblume.com/jb-bio.html 4. S. E. Hinton http://www.carr.org/mae/hinton/hinton.htm 5. Robie Harris http://www.soemadison.wisc.edu/ccbc/friends/harris.htm 6. Gary Paulsen http://www.randomhouse.com/features/garypaulsen/about.html 7. J.K. Rowling http://www.kidsreads.com/harrypotter/jkrowling.html 8. Toni Morrison http://www.gsu.edu/~wwwtms/ 9. Lois Lowry http://www.scils.rutgers.edu/~kvander/lowry.html 10. Louise Rennison http://www.teenreads.com/authors/au-rennison-louise.asp 11. Walter Dean Myers http://www.scils.rutgers.edu/~kvander/myers.html Banned Books Week September 24 – October 1 Sponsored by The American Library Association What is Banned Books Week?? Banned Books Week emphasizes the freedom to choose or the freedom to express one's opinion even if that opinion might be considered unorthodox or unpopular and the importance of ensuring the availability of those unorthodox or unpopular viewpoints to all who wish to read them. The American Library Association Invites You!!!! The American Library Association has offered the use of The 2004 Banned Books Week Button to Libraries, schools, and individuals that would like to celebrate the freedom to read may freely. Either click this link or click on the image of the button at the top to visit the American Association’s website [ http://www.ala.org/bbooks/ ] References ALA. (2004) Banned Books Week. American Library Association 2004. Retrieved on August 8, 2004 from http://www.ala.org/ala/oif/bannedbooksweek/bannedbooksweek.htm. First Amendment of the Bill of Rights to the United States Constitution. (2004). American Library Association. Retrieved on August 8, 2004 from http://www.ala.org/ala/oif/firstamendment/courtcases/courtcases.htm . Learning Results Applications ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Process of Reading Secondary A. 2. Demonstrate an understanding that a single text will elicit a wide variety of responses, each of which may be the point of view of the individual reader or listener. A. 9. Identify the philosophical assumptions and basic beliefs underlying a particular text. ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Literature and Culture B. 1. Distinguish between the purpose of a literary work and the response of an individual reader. B. Make abstract connections between their own lives and the characters, events, and circumstances represented in various works. SOCIAL STUDIES Civics and Government C. 5. Demonstrate an understanding of the meaning and importance of traditional democratic assumptions such as individual rights, the common good, self-government, justice, equality, and patriotism.