A Seminar report On Electronic Resources :An Overview Presented by Nishi Handa Librarian, A.S.S.M. College, Mukandpur (Distt. Nawanshahr) Introduction Information technology has changed the world and acts as the important tool for retrieving information. Now a day, library collections are not limited to printed document but also electronic resources. Electronic resources have become the vital part of human life in 21st century. The availability of scholarly publications through electronic medium or internet has a greater impact on information requirements of the researcher. Introduction Now a days, majority of the print and Electronic scholarly publishers and information disseminators increasingly act globally to produce e-information includes full text database of journals, books, patents, standards or technical report, dissertations, theses, annual report etc of a particular publisher or a group of publishers. Need of Electronic resources: It is helpful in changing trends in publishing. It can be used by more than one user. Any change can be made available quickly with the help of electronic resources. Now the readers demanded more and more information in different format. They feel more convenient to access the scholarly information at their desktop. Need of Electronic resources: If libraries are not changed accordingly they will not get the benefit of globalization. So there is great need of globalization in libraries to provide maximum information to its users .By just pressing simply a button on keyboard, we can tell our user about the latest information available in his field. Uses of electronic resources: Electronic resources are very useful in changing habits of writers and readers . It is also helpful in changing the pattern of serving the library users, because now days libraries are using information and communication technologies such as bar codes, e-commerce, e-journals, CD-ROMS Due to globalisation, there is entire change in the concept of library activities. Access to electronic resources : Electronic resources are more readily available to users as there is no need of purchase and delivery cycle. The prime step for electronic resources is that in internet connectivity for web based resources. The access is by user ID or pass word. Types of Electronic resources :- The new information and communication technology helps to produce a large number of electronic resources. These are as described:- Electronic journals: Journals play a vital role in the research and development activities. The physical and hard volumes of journals are being replaced by Electronic media available in CD ROMs, DVDs etc. Electronic journals have helped the publishers and users to cope with accelerated growth of journals. A periodical that is available in an electronic or computerized form known as electronic journals. Electronic books: A book which is available in electronic format and which can be read using a computer or a special reader. It contains the latest and most updated information. It can be stored very easily and saves library space. Electronic newspapers: An Electronic newspaper is a self-contained, reusable and refreshable version of a traditional newspaper that acquires and holds all information in the newspaper electronically. Electronic zine: Electronic zine means Electronic magazine and it is also called web-zine. The articles that are stored on a file server may be distributed or accessed via a computer network. some sources of electronic zine are: www.indiatoday.com. www.musicindia.com. www.news.site.com. CD-ROM(compact disk read only memory): CD ROM is a silver plated disk of 1.2mm(0.047inches) thickness and 12 cm(4.72inches)diameter. A CD can store 650 megabytes of data that is equal to data of around 550 floppies or 3,00,000 typed pages. . Today a number of organisations are publishing scientific data, bibliographic and full text information on CD ROMs we can not only copies of rare and valuable literary works, scholarly studies, technical research but also out of print books. OPAC (On Line Public Access Cataloguing): Cataloguing of an increasing number of libraries are now available for searching on line. These are known as OPAC. OPAC is a access tool and resources guide to the collection of the library which provides bibliographical data in a machine readable form and can be searched interactively on computer terminal by user. Updating of catalogue can be done in a short period. Online database: A database is collection of data files integrated and organised in to single comprehensive file system. It is a collection of data with a given structure for accepting, storing and providing on demand, data for multiple users. Electronic theses and dissertation(ETD): Now a days, thesis is presented in an electronic medium which is called an ethesis. An Electronic theses and dissertation is an electronic document that explains the intellectual works or research of a researcher Advantages of electronic resources: International reach speed of communication unlimited capabilities convenience search ability linking Problems of electronic resources: Subscriptions to material in electronic forms are more expensive than subscription to material in traditional form. A major drawback of electronic resources is comprehensiveness. Electronic resources do not generally date back as far as their printed counter parts. Conclusion: In conclude we can say that the electronic resources have become the important part of today’s library. It has rapidly changed the way of seeking and disseminating information. The e-information has also influenced educational world tremendously. Many of the colleges and universities are using new information technology to provide e-information as an important part of their learning and teaching strategies.