The Iroquois Confederacy Created by, Kasha Mastrodomenico www.socialstudiesdifferentiatedinstruction.com Vocabulary • Confederacy: a group of people that are united in an alliance • League: a group of people in a compact or agreement with a common goal • Reservation: a tract of public land given to a group of people to set them apart from others • Clan: a group of people of common decent or common family line • Consensus: general agreement • Wampum: a string of beads that was used by the Iroquois for money, representation of treaties and history, and ornament • Representative Government: a ruling body over the people who rule based on the people’s will. Essential Questions • What nations are members of the Iroquois Confederacy? • What is the importance of clans? • What are the different roles of men and women in the Iroquois Confederacy? • What is the process of the Grand Council? What is the Iroquois Confederacy? • A league of 6 nations: Where was the Iroquois Confederacy? Where are the Iroquois Located Now? How was the Iroquois Confederacy Created? • Hiawatha (Onondaga then adopted as Mohawk as a chief) and Deganawidah known as the peace maker united the tribes and made the Great Law of Peace. • Tuscarora joined the Iroquois Confederacy in 1722 • video Hiawatha Deganawidah When and Why Did the Iroquois Confederacy Begin? • Approximately 1142 AD • Purpose: keep peace between tribes and settle conflicts Iroquois Clans • • • • • • • • The Peacemaker created the clans The clan system united the nations and ensured peace among them because they were considered to be family no matter what nation they were in. Clan members didn’t marry each other. Clan members lived together in a longhouse. Iroquois were matrilineal. Each clan had a common female ancestor. Husbands moved into the wife’s longhouse. When a child was born, he or she became part of the mother’s clan. Seneca Cayuga Onondaga Oneida Mohawk Older Brothers Keepers of the Western Door Younger Brothers Keepers of the Council Fire Younger Brothers Older Brothers keepers of the Eastern Door Wolf x x x x x Bear x x x x x Turtle x x x x x Snipe x x Deer x x Beaver x x Heron x Hawk x Iroquois Clans Eel x x x x Role of Women in the Iroquois Confederacy Clan Mothers Chose and advised the Hoyaneh (Chiefs) on the basis of the Women’s and Men’s Councils Had a strong indirect influence on decisions Position was hereditary Women Participated in Women’s Councils which advised the Clan Mothers Used consensus Role of Men in the Iroquois Confederacy Hoyaneh Men Made decisions for their nation Participated in Men’s Councils which advised the Clan Mothers Represented their nations and clans in the decision making of the Grand Council Participated in decision making for their nation using consensus Used consensus Hoyaneh (chiefs) were chosen from among them The Grand Council How are decisions made? Seneca & Mohawk reach consensus Cayuga and Oneida reach consensus Onondaga give a judgment If all nations agree a decision is made Process starts over until there is consensus What types of decisions are made? • Peace treaties • Trade agreements • War Decisions were recorded on wampum. Each Clan How is the Grand Council Chosen? Women’s Council 3 Clan Mothers Men’s Council Choose & advise Hoyaneh Represent Clan at Council How Many Representatives Does Each Nation Have? Essential Questions • What nations are members of the Iroquois Confederacy? • What is the importance of clans? • What are the different roles of men and women in the Iroquois Confederacy? • What is the process of the Grand Council?