Alberta Transportation: Searching for Excellence

Report
HOURS OF SERVICE
Presented by: Ms Kim Durdle
Director of Carrier Services
www.infratrans.gov.ab.ca
Discussion Topics
•
New federal Hours of Service
Regulations
• Introduction of new provincial
Hours of Service Regulations
for Alberta
Federal Hours of Service
Regulations
•
•
•
•
Federal Hours of Service Regulations
apply to drivers of extra provincial motor
carriers, regardless of country of origin
(e.g. United States)
Scope:
-Trucks weighing >4,500 kg
-Buses with a seating capacity of >10
Provinces/territories enforce the federal
Hours of Service Regulations
Similar regulations in
provinces/territories
Review Initiated
•
•
In mid 1990’s Canadian Council of
Motor Transport Administrators
(CCMTA) Hours of Service Committee
began reviewing the outdated rules to
improve safety and efficiency
Task was to revise National Safety
Code (NSC) Standard 9 so that it could
serve as template for new federal and
provincial regulations
Review Process
•
•
•
Involved significant collaborative research with U.S.
Process has been open and collaborative – involving
provinces/territories and stakeholders including safety
advocates, labor, industry, drivers associations, etc.
The House of Commons Standing Committee on
Transportation (SCOT) Review:
-Held public hearings
-Endorsed the proposed changes (June 2002)
a)recommend acceptance of the CTA/Teamsters
agreement
b)13 hours driving
c)14 hours on-duty
Regulatory Process
• On September 20, 2002 Federal/Provincial/Territorial
Ministers endorsed the revised NSC Standard 9 and
agreed to initiate regulatory action based on the
Standard
• On February 15, 2003 proposed federal regulations
were published in the Canada Gazette Part I
• On November 16, 2005 the regulations were published
in Canada Gazette Part II
• Implementation is targeted for early January 2007
Key Changes
• Some of the key changes are:
-Increasing minimum daily off-duty time by 25%
-Reducing daily on-duty time by 13%
-Reducing daily driving time by 18%
-Eliminating the “Off-duty Time Reduction” option
-Restricting the drivers work shift to 16 hours
Key Changes Continued
-Prohibiting cycle switching
-Tightening the rules for sleeper berths
-Requiring a mandatory 24 hours of consecutive
off-duty time in any 14 day period
-Allowing drivers to use a CMV for personal use
(with restrictions) and
-Requiring the operator to monitor the drivers
compliance
General Rules For the “Day”
• No driver shall drive after accumulating
-13 hours of driving time in a day
-14 hours of on-duty time in a day
• A driver must take 10 hours off in a day
• A “day” is defined as a 24 hour period
that begins at the hour designated by the
motor carrier and is maintained for the
duration of the cycle
Daily Off-Duty Time
• A driver must take 10 hours off in a day
• The total off-duty time must include at
least 2 hours of off-duty time that does
not form part of the required 8
consecutive hours of off-duty time
• Off-Duty time other than the required 8
consecutive hours may be taken in blocks
no less than 30 minutes each
Complying with Daily Rules
10 hours of off-duty time :
2 + 1 + 1 + 6 = 10
8 consecutive hours
off-duty
8 consecutive hours
off-duty
2
1
4.5
0.5
1
4
6
10
13
4.5
0.5
Off-duty ≥ 10
1
Driving ≤ 13
2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required
No driving after 14
period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.
hours on-duty
Complying With Daily Rules
10 hours of off-duty time :
2 + 1 + 1 + 6 = 10
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
Driving ≤ 13
No driving after
14 hours on-duty
2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of
8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.
Complying With Daily Rules
10 hours of off-duty time :
2 + 1 + 1 + 6 = 10
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
9 consecutive
hours off-duty
2
1
9
1
7
4
10
13
1
1
2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of
8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.
Complying With Daily Rules
10 hours of off-duty time :
Violation
2 + 0.75 + 1 + 6 = 9.75
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
2
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
1.5
0.5
0.75
0.25
3
1
4
6
0.25
1.5
2.75
0.5
10.25
12.75
1
1
Violation: Less than 2 hours (1.75) of off-duty time that does not form part
of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.
Complying With Daily Rules
10 hours of off-duty time :
2 +1 + 7 = 10
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
2
1
9
1
7
4
10
13
1
1
Violation: Less than 2 hours (only one) of off-duty time that does not form
part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.
General Rules For The “Work
Shift”
• No driver shall driver after accumulating
-13 hours of driving time
-14 hours of on-duty time
-16 hours of elapsed time from the end of the
last off-duty period of 8 hours or more unless
the driver takes at least 8 consecutive hours of
off-duty time
• A driver can re-start driving by taking at least
8 consecutive hours off-duty providing no other
limitations are violated
Complying With The Work Shift
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
2
0.5
Start of
Work Shift
1
4.5
1
4
4
4
3
No driving after
accumulating:
• 13 hours of driving time
• 14 hours of on-duty time
• 16 hours of elapsed time
End of
Work Shift
Violation: Driving after: 14 hours of on-duty time and 16 hours of elapsed time.
Complying With The Work Shift
8 consecutive hours
off-duty
8 consecutive hours
off-duty
Actual times:
 Driving = 13
 On-duty = 14
 Elapsed = 16
2
5
Actual Times:
 Driving = 13
 On-duty = 14
 Elapsed = 15
1
1
9 consecutive hours
off-duty
4
6
8
1
2
5
4
1
7
8
1
Day 1
Day 2
Off-duty: 10 h (2+1+1+6)
Off-duty: 10 h (2+1+7)
Driving: 13 h (5+4+4)
Driving: 13 h (5+8)
On-duty: 14 h (1+ 5+4+4)
On-duty: 14 h (1+ 5+8)
2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of
the required period of 8 consecutive hours of
off-duty time.
2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of
the required period of 8 consecutive hours of
off-duty time.
Over 2 days (show daily rules,
work shift, 10 hours off)
1 2
3
4
5 6 7
Daily Limits:
√ Off-duty ≥ 10
Daily Limits:
√ Off-duty ≥ 10 (8+2 = 10)
√ Driving ≤ 13 ( 4+4+2 = 10)
√ Driving ≤ 13 ( 4+4 = 8)
√ No driving after 14 hours on-
√ No driving after 14 hours on-duty
8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 2 3
4
5
6 7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Off Duty
Sleeper
Berth
Driving
On Duty
Work Shift - No driving after
accumulating:
√ 13 hours of driving time
√ 14 hours of on-duty time
√ 16 hours of elapsed time
Work Shift - No driving after
accumulating:
√ 13 hours of driving time
√ 14 hours of on-duty time
√ 16 hours of elapsed time
Over 2 Days (show daily rules,
work shift, 10 hours off)
Daily Limits:
√ Off-duty ≥ 10 (6+ 4= 10)
√ Driving ≤ 13 ( 0nly drove for
2 hours)
√ No driving after 14 hours
on-duty
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 2
8 consecutive hours
off-duty
Daily Limits:
√ Off-duty ≥ 10 (1 +8+1+1 =
11)
√ Driving ≤ 13 (3+4 = 7)
√ No driving after 14 hours
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Off Duty
Sleeper
Berth
Driving
On Duty
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
Work Shift - No driving after accumulating:
√ 13 hours of driving time
√ 14 hours of on-duty time
√ 16 hours of elapsed time
Work Shift - No driving after
accumulating:
√ 13 hours of driving time
√ 14 hours of on-duty time
√ 16 hours of elapsed time
Daily rules, work shift, 10 hours off
2 other hours of off-duty time not included in the 8
Violation
consecutive:
0.75 + 1 = 1.75
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
2
1.5
0.5
1
0.75
0.25
3
4
6.5
0.25
1.5
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
2.75
10.75
12.75
0.5
1
Violation: Off-duty time in a day does not include at least 2 hours
that do not form part of a period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty
time required by section 13.
Sleeper Berth (Single Driver)
• Off-Duty requirements can be met by accumulating offduty time in no more than 2 periods if:
-neither period is less than 2 hours
-the total of the 2 is at least 10 hours
-total driving time before and after each off-duty time
does not exceed 13 hours
-total on-duty time before and after each off-duty time
does not include any driving time after the 14th hour
-elapsed time before and after each period of off-duty
time does not include any driving time after the 16th
hour
The
th
16
Hour
• Excludes qualifying sleeper berth time
that when added to a subsequent sleeper
berth period totals at least 10 hours
• Includes:
-all on-duty time
-off-duty time not spent in the sleeper
-non-qualifying sleeper berth time
Sleeper Berth Single
Step 1: Rules for the Day
Day 1
8
3
11
2
≥ 10
driving ≤ 13
No driving after
14 hours on-duty
Day 2
10
14 violation
Sleeper Berth Single
Rules for the Work Shift
Step 2: Identify rest periods
A + B > 10
A
C + D > 10
B + C > 10
B
C
Sleeper Berth Single
Rules for the Work Shift
Step 3: Verify driving periods
A
B
C
 Work Shift:No driving after 16hours has elapsed
 Driving < 13
 No driving after 14 hours on duty
Sleeper Berth (Team Drivers)
• Off-Duty requirements can be met by accumulating offduty time in no more than 2 periods if:
-neither period is less than 4 hours
-the total of the 2 is at least 8 hours
-total driving time before and after each off-duty time
does not exceed 13 hours
-total on-duty time before and after each off-duty time
does not include any driving time after the 14th hour
-elapsed time before and after each period of off-duty
time does not include any driving time after the 16th
hour
-must take 10 hours off in a day
The
th
16
Hour
• Excludes qualifying sleeper berth time
that when added to a subsequent sleeper
berth period total at least 8 hours
• Includes:
-all on-duty time
-off-duty time not spent in the sleeper
-non-qualifying sleeper berth time
Sleeper Berth Team
Team Drivers
A+B >8
C+D>8
B+C>8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Off Duty
Sleeper
Berth
Driving
A
B
C
D
On Duty
Work Shift =
Work Shift = elapsed time - rest
B
Work Shift = elapsed time - rest
A
Work Shift = elapsed time - rest periodperiod
period C
Note: Driving a commercial vehicle is not permitted if
the length of the work shift exceeds 16 hours
Sleeper Berth Team
Sleeper Berth:
A (4 h) + B (4 h) = 8 h
Violation
Before / After:
Driving:
13 h
On-duty: 15 h
Elapsed: 16 h
8
Sleeper Berth:
B (4 h) + C (4 h) = 8 h
Before / After:
Driving:
12 h
On-duty: 14 h
Elapsed: 14 h
Before / After:
Driving:
10 h
On-duty: 11 h
Elapsed: 12 h
1
3
1
4
2 A
1
4
8
4
4
B
1
Day 1
4
4
C
6
1
Violation
Day 2
Off-duty: 13 h (8+1+4)
Off-duty: 9 h (4+4+1)
Driving:
9 h (3+2+4)
Driving:
14 h (4+4+6)
On-duty:
11 h (1+3+2+1+4)
On-duty:
15 h (4+1+4+6)
Deferral of Daily Off-Duty Time
• Driver can defer 2 hours of off-duty time to the
following day
• The off-duty time deferred is not part of the 8
consecutive hours
• Total off-duty time in 2 days is at least 20 hours
• The off-duty time deferred is added to the 8 consecutive
hours taken the second day
• Total driving time in the 2 days does not exceed 26
hours
• Must be noted in the “Remark” section
• Can not be used in conjunction with sleeper berth
provisions
Deferral Of Daily Off-Duty Time
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
• Elapsed:
16 h
• Driving:
13 h
• On-duty: 14 h
• Elapsed:
14 h
• Driving: 13 h
• On-duty: 14 h
1
8
1
13
10 consecutive
hours off-duty
1
1
1
2+8 =10
3
4
5
4
2 hours deferred
must be added to
core rest period of 8
Day 1
Day 2
Off-duty: 8 h
Off-duty: 12 h (1+1+10)
Driving:
14 h (13+1)
Driving:
12 h (3+5+4)
On-duty: 16 h (1+13+1+1)
On-duty: 12 h (3+5+4)
Verify that over 2 days:
a)
Deferred off-duty time is not part of mandatory 8 (Day 1)
b)
Off-duty  20 (8+1+1+10 = 20)
c)
Deferred time is added to the the 8 consecutive on day 2
d)
Driving time  26 (13+4+5+4 = 26)
Deferral Of Daily Off-Duty Time
• Elapsed: 16 h
• Elapsed: 16 h
• Driving: 13 h
• On-duty: 16 h
• Driving: 9 h
• On-duty: 12 h
8
1
10 consecutive
hours off-duty
1
8
2
2+8 = 10
1
13
2
2
Off-duty:
Driving:
On-duty:
Day 1
8h
13 h
16 h (1+13+2)
3
3
1
2
Off-duty:
Driving:
On-duty:
1
Day 2
12h (1+1+2+8)
9 h (2+3+3+1)
12 h (4+3+3+2)
Verify that over 2 days:
a)
Deferred off-duty time is not part of mandatory 8 (Day 1)
b)
Off-duty  20 (8+1+1+2+8 = 20)
c)
Deferred time is added to the the 8 consecutive on day 2
d)
Driving time  26 (13+2+3+3+1 = 21)
Deferral Of Daily Off-Duty Time
10 consecutive
hours off-duty
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
• Elapsed: 14 h
• Elapsed: 16 h
• Driving: 11 h
• On-duty: 14 h
• Driving:
• On-duty:
4
6
2
13 h
14 h
6
2
6+2 = 8
7
4
2+8 = 10
8
1
3
Off-duty:
Driving:
On-duty:
Day 1
10 h (4+6)
11 h (7+4)
14 h (7+3+4)
5
Off-duty:
Driving:
On-duty:
Day 2
10h (2+2+6)
13 h (8+5)
14 h (8+1+5)
Verify that over 2 days:
a)
Deferred off-duty time is not part of mandatory 8 (Day 1)
b)
Off-duty  20 (4+8+2+6 = 20)
c)
Deferred time is added to the the 8 consecutive on day 2
d)
Driving time  26 (7+4+8+5 = 24)
Deferral Of Daily Off-Duty Time
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
8 consecutive
hours off-duty
10 consecutive
hours off-duty
• Elapsed: 16 h
• Elapsed: 16 h
• Driving: 13 h
• On-duty: 16 h
• Driving: 13 h
• On-duty: 14 h
4
2
8
2+8 = 10
13
3
Off-duty:
Driving:
On-duty:
Day 1
8 h (4+4)
13 h
16 h (13+3)
8
Off-duty:
Driving:
On-duty:
1
5
Day 2
10h (4+2+4)
13 h (8+5)
14 h (8+1+5)
Verify that over 2 days:
a)
Deferred off-duty time is not part of mandatory 8 (Day 1)
b)
Off-duty  20 (4+8+2+4 = 18)
c)
Deferred time is added to the the 8 consecutive on day 2
d)
Driving time  26 (13+8+5 = 26)
Cycles
• A driver must follow one of 2 cycles:
-Cycle 1 – 70 hours in 7 days or
-Cycle 2 – 120 hours in 14 days
• A driver must declare the cycle on their log sheet
• A driver must take at least 24 consecutive hours of offduty time in the proceeding 14 days
• A driver following Cycle 2 must take at least 24
consecutive hours off-duty once the driver has
accumulated 70 hours of on-duty time (not upon
reaching the 70th hour on-duty)
Cycle Resets (Optional)
• A driver can reset the current cycle by
taking 36 hours off-duty for Cycle 1 and
72 hours off-duty for Cycle 2
• A driver can switch cycles by taking 36
hours off-duty to switch from Cycle 1 to 2
and 72 hours off-duty to switch from
Cycle 2 to Cycle 1
Permit – Oil Well Service
Vehicles
• A provincial director upon approval from other
provincial directors affected by the permit may
issue a permit if there is no reason to believe
that the safety or health of the public, the
driver or of the employees of the motor carrier
would be jeopardized.
• The driver of the permit is exempt from cycle
requirements
• The driver must take at least 3, 24 hour periods
of off-duty time consecutively or separated in
any period of 24 days
Permit-Oil Well Service Vehicles
(cont’d)
• The driver can not defer off-duty time to the
next day
• The driver must maintain daily logs for each
day even while operating within 160 km radius
of the home terminal
• The driver must carry at least 14 days of daily
logs and in addition daily logs for each of the
required 3 periods of 24 consecutive hours of
off-duty time
Stand-By Time
• Stand-by Time in the cab of the truck can
count towards the 2 hours off-duty
• Stand-by Time can not count towards the
8 hours consecutive off-duty requirement
• All Stand-by Time will count towards the
16 hour work shift
Other Requirements
• Rules are varied for North of 60
• Drivers are required to carry 14 days worth of daily
logs regardless of the cycle being followed
• The new regulation details sleeper berth specifications
• Motor carriers, shippers, consignees or any other
person is responsible for ensuring that a driver does not
drive if the driver appears fatigued
• A motor carrier is required to monitor driver
compliance to all regulatory requirements and to take
remedial action and to record all information related to
the incidents
Provincial Hours of Service
Regulation
• Alberta will be proposing a provincial
regulation that will reflect the principles
of the federal regulation
• Alberta will be conducting public
consultation on the proposed regulation
once the Interpretation Guide for the
federal regulation is complete

similar documents