2014 Annual Conference - Construction Industry Institute

Using Near Miss Reporting to
Enhance Safety Performance
Jeff Ruebesam, Fluor Corporation
RT 301, Using Near Miss Reporting to Enhance Safety Performance
2014 CII Annual Conference
July 21–23 • Indianapolis, Indiana
Research Team 301, Using Near Miss Reporting to
Enhance Safety Performance
Patricia Anthony, DTE Energy
Steve Holland, GE Energy
David Clark, SAIC Constructors, LLC
John Holliday, Georgia-Pacific Corporation
Glen Clement, ConocoPhillips
Eric Marks, Georgia Tech
Bryon Creech, CH2M HILL
Brian McKay, Bechtel/Fairweather
Dennis Cobb, Phillips 66
Sixto Mendez, SKEC USA, Inc
Bill Drust, Praxair
Anthony Miller, Parsons
Bob Fitzgerald, Southern Company
Wes Rimes, Yates Construction
Jason Fulton, Dresser-Rand Company
Jeff Ruebesam, Fluor Corporation
Larry Green, BP
Brandon Shell, ExxonMobil
Carroll Higdon, The Robins & Morton Group
Roger Smith, Zurich Services Corporation
Jimmie Hinze, University of Florida
Alicia Weber, Jacobs
RT 301: Building on Existing CII Safety Research
Near Miss Reporting (RT 301)
for Safety
Design for Safety
(RT 101) 1995
Hazard Recognition
(RT 293) 2003
Targeted Safety Programs
(RT 216) 2006
Managing Subcontractor
Safety (RT 13) 1990
Active Leading
(RT 284) 2012
Real-time ProActive Safety in
(RT 269) 2010
Safety Plus: Making Zero Accidents a
Reality (RT 160) 2002
Improved Workers’
Management (RT 45) 1995
Owner’s Role in
Construction Worker Safety
(RT 190) 2003
Zero Injury Techniques (RT 32) 1993
Organizational Commitment to Safety
Dr. Jimmie Hinze
CII RT 284
What is a Near Miss?
• Why near miss reporting?
– Motivate and empower the workforce to be a partner in safety
– Recognize and communicate unsafe conditions and close-calls
– Take action to reduce risk and prevent adverse outcomes
• Near miss definition:
– An unplanned event or unsafe condition that has the potential for
injury or illness to people, or damage to property, or the
Lagging vs. Leading Indicators
Lagging Indicators
First Aid
Cost and Severity
Near Miss
(including hazardous conditions)
At Risk
Heinrich’s Safety Pyramid
Leading Indicators
Research Methodology
Near Miss Reporting Process
Roll Out
Near Miss Implementation Resources
• Reporting flowchart
• Reporting card
• Database
• Evaluation Tool
Findings: Barriers and Enablers
• Fear of retaliation
• Communication
• Fear that reporting reflects
poorly on performance
• Leadership and motivation
• Absence of a trusting
• Near miss reporting training
• Lack of training
• Guidance and resources
• Reward strategy
• No follow-up
“If you see it, you own it” – Interviewed Safety Manager
Research Conclusions
• A strong safety foundation is a prerequisite, however…
• An effective near miss reporting program:
– Is the most effective leading indicator (CII RT 284)
– Helps overcome “fear” and builds “trust” with the workforce
– Is best measured by user feedback, not reporting quotas
– Enhances hazard awareness, lowers risk, and improves safety performance
– Only works if everyone (craft worker to senior management) buys in
– Can help us break the performance plateau
– Can help save lives
Implementation Session Agenda
• Detailed discussions
– Site interviews
– Monitoring and intervention
– Implementation strategies
• Demonstration of implementation tools
– Information flowchart/reporting card
– Reporting database template
– Program evaluation tool
• Panel Q & A
Visit the Implementation Sessions and
Product Display Table
Implementation Session 1
Grand Ballroom 7-8
today, 5:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m.
Implementation Session 2
Grand Ballroom 7-8
tomorrow, 8:35 a.m. – 9:35 a.m.
Dr. Jimmie Hinze

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