iii. Technology Options and HPMPs

Report
Technology Options and
HPMPs
Montreal Protocol and Chemicals Unit
UNDP
Technology Choice
 MOP Decision XIX/6 (2007): encourages Parties to promote
the selection of alternatives to HCFCs that minimise
environmental impacts, in particular impacts on climate, as
well as meeting other health, safety and economic
considerations.
1
Technology Options: PU Foam
 Wide list of alternatives
 Hydrocarbons
 HFCs
 H2O
 CO2
 Methylal
 Methyl Formate
 Emergent technologies: unsaturated HFCs (HFOs);
2
Polyurethane (PU) Foam Sector
 PU market is facing external demand from consumers
looking for “greener products” (i.e.: blowing agents that are not
HCFC-based and with the lowest GWP possible);
 ExCom’s decision to phase-out high-ODP HCFCs first, but
need to consider
 Size of PU Industry (HCFC consumption);
 Low-GWP alternatives commercially and technically available
within the country for the specific PU applications.
 Demonstration/Pilot Projects
3
Technology Options: Demonstration Projects
Foam Sector – Brazil and Mexico
Pilot project for validation of Methyl Formate in PU- Foam
Applications
 Approved at 56th ExCom in November 2008
 The objective is to develop, optimize and validate the
use of methyl formate as a blowing agent in PU
applications
 Brazil: 14 applications
 Mexico: 1 application (shoesoles)
4
Technology Options: Demonstration Projects
Foam Sector – Brazil and Mexico
Status as of today:
 Final report presented to 62nd ExCom.
 Alternative for SMEs
 Some issues with flammability at system house level.
 Availability depending on the national context.
 Acid proofing of equipment is needed.
 Not suitable for Domestic Refrigeration
 Included as one of the alternatives in approved MLF
projects for Mexico, Brazil, Jamaica, TT, Cameroon, etc.
5
Technology Options: Demonstration Projects
Foam Sector – Brazil
Pilot project for validation of Methylal in PU- Foam
Applications
 Approved at 58th ExCom in July 2009
 The objective is to develop, optimize and validate the
use of methylal as a blowing agent in PU applications
 Brazil: 14 applications
 Mexico: 1 application (shoesoles)
6
Technology Options: Demonstration Projects
Foam Sector – Brazil
Status as of today:
 interim report to be presented to 65th ExCom.
 Preliminary results look promising.
 Issues with flammability.
 Emission study needs to be finalized.
 Project to be completed by the end of 2011.
7
Technology Options: Demonstration Projects
Foam Sector - Egypt
 Low Cost Options for the Use of HC as Foaming Agent
in the Manufacture of PU Foam
 Approved at 58th ExCom in July 2009
 The objective of this project is to develop, optimize, and
disseminate low-cost systems for the use of hydrocarbons
in the manufacture of PU rigid insulation and integral skin
foams.
8
Technology Options: Demonstration Projects
Foam Sector - Egypt
Status as of today:
 Tests with direct injection and preblended polyols have
been carried out.
 An interim report summarizing achievements and
deficiencies was formulated;
 Need for additional optimization of HC blends to reach
commercial shelf lives.
 The final draft report is expected to be ready by end of
2011.”
9
Technology Options: Demonstration Projects
XPS Foam Sector – China
Demonstration project for conversion from HCFC-22 /
HCFC-142b technology to CO2 with methyl formate coblowing technology in the manufacture of extruded
polystyrene foam at Feininger (Nanjing)
 Approved at 64th ExCom in July 2011
Status as of today:
To be completed by mid-2013
10
Technology Options: Demonstration Projects
XPS Foam Sector – Turkey
Validation of the use of HFO-1234ze as Blowing Agent in
the Manufacture of Extruded Polystyrene Foam
Boardstock.
 Approved at 60th ExCom in April 2010
 Once completed, the technology is expected to
contribute to availability of cost-effective options to
implement HCFC phase-out in extruded polystyrene
boardstock.
11
Technology Options: Demonstration Projects
XPS Foam Sector - Turkey
Status as of today:
 Production tests have been done with supplied chemical
in February 2011.
 Technical visits took place for the trials and discussion
of results and foam properties.
 The next round of trials will be arranged in January
2012.
 An updated interim report will be provided after the trials
and foam property tests have been completed in 2012.
12
Demonstration Projects in Solvents
UNDP is implementing one demonstration project in China
 Iso-paraffin and siloxane (KC-6) for cleaning in the
manufacture of medical devices.
 Approved at 64th ExCom in July 2011
 To be completed by mid-2013.
13
HPMPs with RAC Components
 Countries with low HCFC141b consumption or
technology selection challenges had to prioritize the
RAC manufacturing sector to meet their phase-out
targets (2013-2015);
 In this case, countries may face opportunities and also
constrains to cope with the RAC sector challenges to
phase-out the HCFC-22;
14
RAC Sector: Technology Selection
 Perfect solution for HCFC-22 replacement difficult
 Selection of HCFCs alternatives involve commitments and
balanced analysis. Factors to look include:
 cost, availability, health, environment, performance
and safety.
 In relation to performance and safety, we believe that if
there are significant energy savings(a product with higher
EE) , the industry itself will find solutions for safety issues
in a satisfactory form.
15
RAC Technology Options
 Hydrocarbons, NH3, CO2 and HFCs.
 HFC-32 and HFOs(emerging) may have initial
commercial restrictions, such as:
 Production and availability, including of components
(compressors valves, heat exchangers, etc).
 Patents/licenses
 In the end, the Industry and their clients will lead the
technology choice/ according to the country’s reality.
 Demonstration Projects
16
Demonstration Projects in RAC
UNDP is implementing demonstration projects in China
RAC
 Ammonia/CO2 in the manufacture of two-stage
refrigeration systems for cold storage and freezing
applications at Yantai
 HFC-32 in the manufacture of commercial air-source
chillers/heat pumps at Tong Fang;
Approved at 60th ExCom
To be completed by Mid- 2012
17
Concern
 Expansion/relocation of plants for High-GWP HFC-based
products in A5 countries with rapid growth of servicing tail.
 The climate benefits obtained from the conversion of the
Foam Sector (HCFC-141b phase-out) may be potentially
overcome by the introduction of higher-GWP alternatives in
AC sector.
18
Important to have in mind…
 The reduction in the HCFC-22 consumption in
developing countries, without a clear legal/technological
positioning, may result in adverse impacts to the climate
regime;

e.g.: if the developing countries forbid the HCFC-22
based units (production and imports), the “automatic”
alternative for AC would be HFC-410A…
HCFC-22 (GWP: 1,810) ----- HFC-410A (GWP: 2,088)
* IPCC 4th Assessment Report
19
Technology Options: RAC Servicing
The RAC Servicing should be carefully analyzed:
 Growing use of HCFC and HFC blends (with higher GWP than
HCFC-22) for retrofit purposes;
 Future demand on HCFCs and HFCs to service units being
produced now;
 Training of technicians to handle different HCFC-alternatives
characteristics:
 Low, Mild and High flammability;
Toxicity;
High and super-critical pressures
Recovery, Recycling and Reuse (RRR) including the safe
storage and final disposal of alternatives
20
UNDP focusing on…
 Strengthening Regional and Country Teams to give
support to A-5 countries;
 Adopting new modalities of project implementation to
have faster delivery to meet 2015 obligations:
 Performance Based Contracts and Letters of Agreements
 Auditing and in situ verifications to ensure reductions were met;
 Project Steering Committees to guarantee activities are being
implemented in a sound way.
 Increasing A-5 access to expertise in all key sectors;
21
UNDP focusing on( cont)…
 Supporting the dissemination of information about lower
GWP alternatives;
 Implementing Pilot and Demonstration Projects to
assess recently developed technologies that maximize
climate benefits;
 Identifying and mobilizing multilateral and bilateral
finance and co-finance from multiple sources to support
A-5 countries;
22
THANK YOU!
Comments, suggestions and questions are welcome!
http://www.undp.org/chemicals/montrealprotocol.htm
[email protected]
23

similar documents