Day 4 Powerpoint

How does talking work?
What are different types of speech?
Speech communication is a
process and cannot occur with
a singular person.
 Talking to yourself is NOT communication
 Public speaking and conversations are not the
same types of communication
Difference between Public
Speaking & Conversations
 PS is more highly structured
 PS is a more formal process
 PS requires a different method of delivery
 Public Speakers do not necessarily receive
immediate feedback. They must however,
interpret nonverbal cues.
Components of the Speech Communication Process:
the process through which meaning is crafted,
sustained and communicated
1. Speaker: the person presenting an oral message to the listener
2. Message: whatever the speaker conveys to the auditors
3. Listener/Auditor: the person(s) receiving the message
4. Frame of Reference : the sum of a person’s knowledge,
experience, goals, values and attitudes
5. Feedback: the messages, usually nonverbal, that are sent from
the listener to the speaker
6. Interference : anything that effects the reception of the
speaker’s message
(Internal or External to the listener)
7. Situation : time and place in which the communication occurs
When a crafting a speech…
 You should keep all of these components
in mind:
Will I as a speaker be ready to speak?
Is my message prepared?
How will auditors receive it?
What types of nonverbal cues should I
watch for?
What might interfere?
Where will I be speaking?
there are different ways to organize a speech
 Chronologically: follow a time pattern
 Spatially: directional pattern
 Cause and Effect: first point explains a situation or idea
and the following points enumerate the effects or results
of the initial point
 Problem and Solution: first points explain a dilemma or
issue while the others propose or reject manners in which
to resolve the problem
 Topical: a main topic is subdivided into smaller
supporting topics
After you choose your focus for
your Speech of Introduction, you
must decide how to organize it.
Your introduction to ANY speech
 1. State and establish the importance of your
 2. Have a clear thesis that clearly conveys
your thesis
 3. Establish your credibility… (how?)
 4. Preview the rest of your speech
Within the body you need
examples and evidence that…
 Prove the importance of the topic
 Startle or interest the audience
 Arouse curiosity
You also must have a conclusion…
It should…
 Signal to the audience that you are about to
end the speech
 Reinforce the audience’s understanding of
the thesis
 Do NOT say “In conclusion…”
Let’s look at the rubric and
requirements for your first
 Go to Sharepoint and download the rubric for
the “Speech of Self Introduction”

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