17 March 2015
Caroline Bicknell, Deputy Director
Department for Education, 0-25 SEND Unit
 The aims and features of the
SEND reforms
 Implementation: progress and
 Current activities underway
Aims of the SEND reforms
We want all children and young people with SEND to achieve well in
their early years, at school and in college; find employment where
possible; lead happy, healthy and fulfilled lives; and have choice and
control over their support.
The SEND reforms join up support across education, health and
care, from birth to 25. Help will be offered at the earliest point,
and with children and young people and parents/carers fully
involved in decisions about their support and what the young
person wants to achieve. Measures of success include:
• Positive experience of the system for children, young
people and families
• Improved outcomes for children and young people
• Effective preparation for adulthood
From September 2014 new
requirements on LAs and Clinical
Commissioning Groups:
• Work with children and young people with SEND and
• Establish partnerships across education, health and care,
including early years, post-16 institutions and housing.
• Co-produce and publish the Local Offer
• Develop plans for joint commissioning
• Develop processes for assessment, planning and EHC plans
• Identify what could be provided through personal budgets
• Local mediation and disagreement resolution arrangements
New rights for young people and
 Young person or parent of a child has the right to
request that a particular institution, including a
college approved under section 41, is named in
an EHC plan
 The local authority must comply with that
preference and name the school or college in the
EHC plan unless it judges that:
 it would be unsuitable for the age, ability, aptitude or
SEN of the child or young person, or
 the attendance of the child or young person there
would be incompatible with the efficient education of
others, or the efficient use of resources
 Local authority to co-produce EHC plans, the Local
Offer etc
Education Health and Care Plans
From 1 September anyone, including a post-16
provider, can request an assessment of education,
health and care needs
• Young people with EHC plans can ask for a particular
college to be named in the plan
• Final EHC Plan must be shared with institution
named in Plan
• EHC plans must be reviewed annually and,
from age 13 (Yr9) must include preparing for
Section 41 and specialist
post-16 institutions
 Section 41 of the Children and Families Act 2014
allows the Secretary of State to publish a list of
approved independent special schools and
special post-16 institutions.
 The approved list allows independent
institutions to make themselves subject to
duties in Children and Families Act
 Young person has right to request that a S41
institution is named in their EHC Plan
 LA under a qualified duty to agree that request
Students aged 19-25
 Some 18 year old students will need longer to achieve the
outcomes in their EHC plans, so will need to continue in
education with plans up to a maximum age of 25.
 No automatic entitlement to continued support at age 19
 Nor can an LA cease an EHC plan simply because a young person
is aged 19 or over.
 In deciding that SEN provision is no longer required, the local
authority must have regard to whether the educational or
training outcomes in the EHC plan have been achieved.
 As you told us, a special school is not the best place for a student
of this age. DSG cannot be used to fund such places.
Preparing for
How can we make sure young people
are better prepared for adult life?
• Preparing for adulthood EHC reviews
from Year 9 onwards
• Better transition into post-16 education
and training
• High quality study programmes
including pathways to employment
such as supported internships
• Multi-agency approach
• Support for transition to adult services
Supported internships
Study programmes for young people with
LDAs or EHC plans
Extended work placement plus further study
in English and Maths
36% offered paid work in the pilot
Life changing transition into employment
£5m for LAs on supported internships and
other preparation for employment: just
Help on PfA’s website – supported internship
section with advice and link to Access to
Work funding
Progress since September 2014
 Delivery partners everywhere working hard to implement
reforms and good progress being made
 Independent Supporters in place and positively received.
 February LA implementation survey shows further
improvements since October
 Positive feedback from parents and young people
 Minister Timpson asked Ofsted/CQC to develop
inspection framework
 Other feedback positive too, though challenges with:
 Transitions from Statements and LDAs
 Meeting EHC timescales
 Building quality of Local Offers
Some challenges in post-16
Capacity for EHC assessment and
Placements and
funding relationships with
LAs and
commissioning of
Local Offer – work in
progress, particularly over
Dealing with
multiple LAs with
EHC plan transfers –
progress and
involvement of
DfE Action underway includes…
• DfE SEND Advisers – continuing support and challenge to LAs
• Joint workshops for LAs and FE sector – underway now
• Ofsted/CQC inspection proposals on SEND – likely to consult soon
• Joint action with DH to improve health engagement – Designated
Medical Officer conference 23 March
• SEND FE sector working group – NATSPEC member
• Call for Evidence on High Needs Funding – evidence being considered
• Extra £5 million for supported internships
• Future delivery support plans and VCS funding in 2015-16 – likely to
be announcement shortly

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