Comprehensive Safety Analysis (CSA) 2010 A New Way To

Report
CVEO 3 Larry Pasco
Spokane
Washington State Patrol
Commercial Vehicle Division
District Supervisor
1
WHY?
CMV Fatalities in Washington
2007
(60)
2008
(54)
2009
(30)
2010
(24)
2011(3 YTD May)
Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance
International not for profit organization
Compromised of law enforcement and industry
Goal is uniformity and reciprocity
CVSA Roadside Inspections
Level 1
Full Inspection
Level 2
Walk around
Level 3
Paperwork/driver only
Compliance, Safety,
Accountability
(CSA)
A New Way To Measure and Address
Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety
• Does CSA 2010 change the way we conduct
our enforcement?
• No.
• It will be business as usual. No laws have
changed, just the way safety scores are
calculated.
• Knowledge of how CSA 2010 works will help
you answer questions, head off rumors, and
handle complaints.
What Changed?
• The way FMCSA measures carrier safety
– Identifies unsafe carrier and driver behaviors that lead to
crashes
– Uses all safety-based roadside inspection violations
• How FMCSA addresses carrier safety issues
– Reaches more carriers earlier and more frequently
– Improves efficiency of investigations
• Focuses on specific unsafe behaviors
• Identifies root causes
• Defines and requires corrective actions
7
Methodology Overview
• Gather 24 months of on-road safety event data (i.e.,
inspections, crashes) to create a safety event history
• Place each carrier violation and/or crash into a BASIC
• Convert BASIC data into quantifiable measure/rate
• Develop a percentile rank for each BASIC based on each carrier
BASIC measure
Safety
Event
Data
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BASIC
Data
BASIC
Measures
Percentile
BASICs
BASICs focus on behaviors linked to crash risk
1. Unsafe Driving (Parts 392 & 397)
2. Fatigued Driving (Hours-of-Service);
Parts 392 & 395)
3. Driver Fitness (Parts 383 & 391)
4. Controlled Substances/Alcohol
(Parts 382 & 392)
5. Vehicle Maintenance (Parts 393 & 396)
6. Cargo-Related
(Parts 392, 393, 397 & HM)
7. Crash Indicator
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The Operational Model
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New Agency Plans for Drivers
• The new measurement system provides an internal tool to
address CMV drivers called the Driver Safety Measurement
System (DSMS):
– Provides enhanced information on individual drivers to
investigators to identify drivers with safety problems
– Allows for prioritizing driver sampling during carrier
investigation
– Supports investigator follow up on significant violations (Red
Flag Violations)
• Under CSA, individual drivers will not be assigned safety
ratings or safety fitness determinations
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Carrier Measurement: SMS Results
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Violation Details Provided in SMS
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Further Drilldown in SMS
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Further Drilldown in SMS
15
Further Drilldown in SMS
16
Further Drilldown in SMS
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How does a carrier improve and get out
of the intervention process?
• “Good” Inspections
• “Get Well” Rules
– Unsafe Driving and Controlled Substances/Alcohol BASICs
• No percentile assigned if no inspections with a violation in these BASICs in
the last year
– Crash Indicator
• No percentile assigned if no crashes in last year
– Fatigued Driving (HOS), Driver Fitness, Vehicle Maintenance and
Cargo-Related BASICs
• No percentile assigned if:
– No inspections with a violation in that BASIC within the past year; and
– Most recent relevant inspection does not have a violation of that BASIC
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Carrier Access to Measures and
Percentiles
• Carriers have access to full SMS results and BASIC
measurements
• Public has access to SMS results and BASIC measurements
except for percentile scores for the Crash Indicator and
Cargo-Related BASIC
– Cargo-Related violations are available to the public
• Decision regarding what to display was based on feedback
through out the field test and data preview
– List of Crashes are available to the public
• Similar to the Accident SEA in SafeStat
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New Agency Plans for Drivers (cont’d)
• Pre-employment Screening Program (PSP)
– PSP was mandated by Congress and is not a part of
CSA
– “Driver Profiles” from FMCSA’s Driver Information
Resource (DIR) are available to carriers through PSP
– Driver Profiles will only be released with driver
authorization
– PSP is currently available, access and additional
information can be found at www.psp.fmcsa.dot.gov
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FMCSA Data Quality
 Quality data is key to CSA 2010
 Current data is useful and meaningful;
improvements can always be made
 DataQs provides the public (including carriers
and drivers) the opportunity to challenge the
accuracy of federal and state reported data
U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
What is a DataQ?
 The DataQs system is an electronic means for
Carriers to file concerns about Federal and State
data
 Through this system, data concerns are
automatically forwarded to the appropriate office
for resolution (In Washington, CVD HQ)
 The system also allows carriers to monitor the
status of each filing.
 The DataQs program
(https://dataqs.fmcsa.dot.gov)
U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
Challenging Data= DataQ
 Improper Challenges:
 Driver fired, please remove all these violations
 Crash not our fault, please remove
 Driver caused the violation, please remove
 Violation was committed by an owner operator
or other carrier that was leased to our
operation when the violation occurred, please
remove
 Company with a valid lease agreement to an
owner operator challenges that the violation
should be assigned to the owner operator
Challenging Data= DataQ
 Proper Challenges:
 Driver not in violation
 Vehicle not in violation
 Believe the officer has incorrectly applied the
regulation to your operation
 The officer did not allow for an exemption
 Error in documentation from another
government/state agency
Challenging Data= DataQ
With respect to crash and roadside inspection
data, the MCMIS documents the occurrence
and results of these events as reported by the
States. Any challenges to data provided by State
agencies must be resolved by the appropriate
State agency. Once a State office makes a
determination on the validity of a challenge,
FMCSA considers that decision as the final
resolution of the challenge. FMCSA cannot
change State records without State consent.
CSA Rollout Schedule
April 12 – November 30, 2010
– Motor carriers were able to preview roadside inspections/violations and crash events by BASIC.
Summer 2010
– June 30th – The Operational Model Test (Op-Model Test) ended.
– July –July – The Test States partially applying the CSA 2010 Operational Model fully switched to CSA.
– August
• The SMS Methodology wasmodified to increase its effectiveness.
• Motor carriers were able to see an assessment of their violations based on the new SMS.
December 2010
– The SMS replaced SafeStat and made available to the public.
– FMCSA/States began to prioritize enforcement using the SMS.
– Roadside Inspectors began to use the SMS results to identify carriers for inspection.
– Transitional elements were introduced to enhance the effectiveness of the phased rollout.
2011
– In February, FMCSA began issuing warning letters to carriers with BASICs over the interventions threshold
– Safety Fitness Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking is scheduled to be released.
– Enforcement staff will be trained on the CSA enhanced investigation approach; later, new interventions
will be implemented state-by-state.
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 CVD Headquarters at 360-596-3800
 [email protected]
CVEO 3 Larry Pasco at
(509) 227-6561
[email protected]

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