Machine-to-Machine (M2M) Communication

Report
Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
Communication
Betty XU
Nov 27, 2014
It’s the Internet of Things
50 Billion Things
will be connected on the web by 2020,
changing the way we live and do business.
Forbes, “Gartner Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends.” October 23, 2012
Agenda
Introduction
Motivation
Technology
Challenges
Growth
Benefits
Introduction
• Communicate among machines, sensors, devices or
“things”
• Over wired or wireless communication network
• No human intervention whilst devices are
communicating end-to-end
Motivation
• Efficiency & Productivity
• Mature Technology
• Wireless Communication (e.g. 4G)
• Rise of Cloud
• Lower cost
• Electronic devices
• Connectivity
• Regulatory Mandates
Technology
M2M System Architecture
Layer
Key Components
Functions
Application Layer
Fleet Management/Health Care/Retail
Business Intelligence
Management Layer
Service Management, OSS/BSS/NMS
Data Analysis
Communication Layer
WiMax/2G/3G/LTE
Data Transmission
Sensing Layer
M2M device with Camera; RFID, GPS,
Sensors & Actuators
Data Collection
Technology
Source: ECN 2012
Sensing - Data Collection
Source: Harbor Research
Communication - Data Transmission
Communication - Data Transmission
Access Network
•
Wired Solution - dedicated cabling between sensor and gateway
(E.G. cable, xDSL, PLC, optical, etc.)
• Wireless Capillary Solution - short-range link
(E.G. Wi-Fi, RFID, Bluetooth, WLAN, ZigBee, etc.)
• Wireless Cellular Solution - cellular link
(E.G. GSM, GPRS, EDGE, 3G, LTE-M, WiMAX, etc.)
Communication - Data Transmission
Source: Harbor Research
Communication - Data Transmission
Gateway
•
•
•
Connect access and core networks
Network address translation
Packet fragmentation/defragmentation
Core Network
•
•
Connect to computer system
IPv6-enabled Internet
Management - Data Analysis
Data Assessment
•
•
Enterprise software application
Standalone system
Response
•
•
Automate a business process by automating the flow of data
Right data, right place, and right way
Example:
•
•
•
Data Normalization - Extract data and convert into standard format
Rules Engine - Apply rules to data for modelling
Device intelligence - Add intelligence to device for control
Cloud – Scalability, Flexibility & Security
End-to-End Architecture
End-to-End Communication
Source: Stratecast 2010
Applications
Healthcare
Utilities
Transporta
tion
• Telemedicine & home
healthcare
• Emergency services
management
• Remote meter reading
• Energy usage and
optimization
• Street light management
• Navigation and routing
• Route optimization
• Fleet Management
Manufactur
ing
Retail
Natural
Resources
• Remote Monitoring
• Remote asset
management
• Prototype testing
• Stock Control
• POS / Vending
Machine
• Digital signage
• Water and animal
control
• Environment
monitoring at sea
Benefits
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Increase operational efficiencies
Streamlined delivery processes
Greater control and management of assets
Better decision-making
Identify critical situations
Sustainability
Generate new revenue streams
Improve Customer experience
etc...
M2M is in a growing trend...
Connections
• Global M2M connections reached 195 million in 2013,
growing at almost 40% per year (38% CAGR)
• M2M connections now account for 2.8% of all global
mobile connections, double the 1.4% share recorded in
2010
Device
• 12.5 million M2M-capable devices by 2020
Revenue
• 23 percent annual growth rate, rising from $121 billion
in annually derived revenue in 2012 to become a $948
billion business by 2020
(GSMA Intelligence 2014)
M2M is in a growing trend...
Source: Berg Insight 2012
Challenges
• Lack of universal standards
• Network Scalability
• Large, distributed networks
• Congestion
• Complex data management
• Low latency and high reliability
• Power consumption of M2M devices
• Fragmented value chain
Reference
1. S.Kechiche, D.George and N.Jain, "From concept to delivery: the
M2M market today ", GSMA Intelligence, London, UK, Feb.2014
2. J.Easwaramony, "APAC M2M Outlook", Frost & Sullivan, New
York, June.2011
3. T.Ryberg, "The Global Wireless M2M Market", Berg Insight,
Sweden, April.2012
4. M.Cullinen, "Machine to machine technologies: unlocking the
potential of a $1 trillion industry", The Carbon War Room, 2013
5. A.Maedaer, P.Rost and D.Staehle, "The Challenge of M2M
Communications for the Cellular Radio Access Network",
EuroView2011, 2011
Q&A
Appendix
Link for the video on YouTube:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2MxwBcOIpE

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