The Anglo-Saxons 449-1066

Report
And sometimes a proud old soldier
Who had heard songs of the ancient heroes
And could sing them all through, story after story
Would weave a net of words
--Beowulf
The Anglo-Saxons
449-1066
Songs of Ancient Heroes
Essential Question:
How do we define heroes today?
Timeline Questions
Look at the timeline on pages 2-3 and be prepared to
discuss the following questions:
1. What four groups of people invaded Britain in the
Anglo-Saxon time period?
2. What effects might a series of invasions—one every
three hundred to five hundred years—have on
culture?
3. What else sticks out to you?
Political and Social
Milestones
•
Roman Occupation
•
•
•
•
Anglo-Saxon Invasion
•
•
•
•
Were first invited guests that were asked to help fight battles, and then never left
Known for their tight-knit communities and loyalty to religion
Big influence on British warrior culture
The Spread of Christianity
•
•
•
British Isles, most of Europe, Asia Minor, Middle East, and North Africa (Italy, France,
Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, Holland, Spain, Portugal, Armenia, parts of southern
Russia, western Romania, Greece, Turkey, Persia, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt, Tunisia,
Algeria, Morocco)
Romans claim they only fought “just wars’—meaning they were provoked
Romans withdrew completely and left Britain with no government, subject to invasion
Introduced by Romans
Became major religion in seventh century
The Norman Invasion
•
•
William the Conqueror (duke of Normandy) claimed his cousin, King Edward, promised him
the throne when he died
Ended the Anglo-Saxon culture in Britain
Background
Information
• Read pages 6-17 and think about the following
questions:
1. What specifically did America inherit from Britain?
(political system, law, language)
2. What was the influence of Christianity on Britain?
3. What was the heroic ideal of the Anglo-Saxons?
British Legacy
• Great Britain: England,
Scotland, Wales
• For and by the people
• Parliamentary government
• Emphasis on personal rights
and freedoms
• Invaded many times, British
culture is built on all of
them
The Celts
• Tall, blonde warriors who
lived on an island and were
discovered by the Greeks
(included the Britons)
• Practiced animism (saw
spirits every where)
• Priests were called Druids
• Spirits had to be constantly
satisfied and controlled all
experiences
• Stonehenge
• Skilled artisans—iron
workers
Celtic Mythology
• King Arthur (Sir Thomas
Malory)
• Full of strong women—tall
and fierce (Queen Maeve)
• Fantastic animals
• Love affairs
• Adventure
• Enchanted lands and magic
The Romans
• Invasion led by Julius Caesar
and Claudius– Celts were
conquered
• Provided armies
• Built roads and defensive
wall, villas, and public baths
• Christianity became prevalent
religion
• Had troubles at home so they
they pulled out of Great
Britain and left no
government
The Anglo-Saxons Sweep Ashore
• Came from Germanic
region (Angles and Saxons
from Germany, Jutes from
Denmark)
• Language became dominant
language
• Named the land Engla
land—England
• Celts put up a fight, but
retreated to Wales
Alfred the Great
• King Alfred of Wessex
• Led Anglo-Saxons against
invading Danes
• Helped unite Anglo-Saxons
with Christianity—common
faith, common system
• Christianity helped connect
England to Europe (world
religion)
The Anglo-Saxon Lifestyle
• Not barbarians
• Didn’t lead luxurious lives, didn’t
focus on the arts or education
• Loyalty to the leader was
important—success was
measured in gifts from the leader
• Women inherited property, in
order to marry a woman a man
had to offer a gift to his future
wife
• They lived close to their animals
in single-family homes—wooden
buildings that surrounded a
communal court and had a fence
Anglo-Saxon Religion
• Dark, fatalistic religion—
Norse or Scandinavian
mythology
• Odin—god of death, poetry,
and magic, had a somber
outlook on life
• Thumor—same as Thor, god
of thunder and lightning
• Dragon—protector of a
treasure
• Concerned with the earthly
virtues of bravery, loyalty,
generosity, and friendship
The Bards
• Skilled storytellers—sang of
gods and heroes
• Communal hall provided a
space for meetings and
storytellers/bards
• Called scops
• The bards were just as
important as fighters, hunters,
and farmers
• Used harps
• Sang tales of war, disease,
and old age
Ireland
• Since it was isolated it was
not overrun by Germanic
invaders
• Converted to Christianity
• While England sank in 432750, Ireland had a Golden
Age
The English Language
• Latin was the language of
study until ing Alfred
• Due to the Anglo-Saxon
Chronicle, English began to
gain respect as a language
and culture

similar documents