Ch.22 The New Deal (1932

Report
Ch.22 The New Deal
(1932-1941)
Mr. Dzicek
U.S. 11
Terms & People to Know
FDR
Eleanor Roosevelt
New Deal
Fireside chat
Federal Deposit Insurance
Corporation (FDIC)- insured
bank deposits
Terms & People to Know
Securities and Exchange
Commission (SEC)- designed to
regulate stock market and make
safer for investors.
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)designed to end overproduction of
crops and to raise prices.
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)built dams, controlled floods,
generated electricity.
Terms & People to Know
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)employed young men to build up
America’s infrastructure.
National Recovery Administration
(NRA)- established codes for
industry (min. wage, set prices)designed to increase wages to
workers could buy products.
Terms & People to Know
Public Works Administration (PWA)built up infrastructure (bridges,
roads, dams, power plants,
government buildings)- created
lots of jobs.
American Liberty LeagueConsisted of critics of FDR’s New
Deal.
Huey Long
Charles Coughlin
Terms & People to Know
Second New Deal- focused more
on general welfare of the people.
Works Progress Administration
(WPA)- similar to the CCC, but
employed more diverse group of
people.
John Maynard Keynes- British
economist; argued that deficit
spending was needed to get
America out of the depression.
Terms & People to Know
Pump priming- put money into
hands of consumers… they buy
more goods.
Social Security Act (1935)established a pension system for
retirees and provided
unemployment insurance. (Note:
Did not apply to African Americans.
Women and widows received
limited amounts)
Terms & People to Know
Rural Electrification Administrationprovided money to electrical
companies so that the companies
could provide electricity to farms.
Wagner Act- recognized the right
of employees to join labor unions
and gave workers collective
bargaining.
Terms & People to Know
Fair Labor Standards Act 91938)established min. wage, and max.
work week (44 hrs.)
Congress of Industrial Organizations
(CIO)- Union that appealed to
more groups of people than the
AFL.
United Automobile Workers Union
(UAW)- staged the sit-down strike in
Detroit. (1936).
Terms & People to Know
Court packing- FDR’s attempt to
place more judges in the U.S.
Supreme Court. (In order to get
more to agree on New Deal).
Black Cabinet- African American
leaders that helped advise FDR.
Mary McLeod Bethune- member of
Black Cabinent. Fought for racial
equality.
Indian New Deal- gave Native
American economic assistance
and greater control over their own
Terms & People to Know
New Deal Coalition- very diverse
group that supported FDR.
(southern whites, northern blue
collar workers, poor midwestern
farmers, African Americans).
Welfare state- government
assumes responsibility for providing
for the welfare of children, poor,
elderly, sick, disabled, unemployed.
Frank Capra- director. Movies
focused on ordinary Americans
struggling.
Terms & People to Know
Federal Art Project- offered
jobs to artists (murals, paintings,
folklores, guidebooks,
recorded oral histories of
slaves, etc.)
Questions to Consider
How did the New Deal attempt to
address the problems of the
depression?
What were the two major criticisms
of FDR’s New Deal economic
policies?
What major issues did the Second
New Deal address?
How did the New Deal affect trade
unions?
Questions to Consider
What setbacks did Roosevelt face
during his second term as
President?
What was the Court Packing
Scheme? Was it justified?
How did the New Deal change the
social, economic, and political
landscape of the United States for
future generations?
Questions to Consider
What impact did the New Deal
have on women?
How did the New Deal affect
African Americans? Native
Americans?
How did New Deal policies affect
ethnic and social divisions?
In what ways did the role of the
federal government grow during
FDR’s presidency?
Questions to Consider
How did the men and women
of the depression find relief
from their hardships in the
popular culture?
The BIG Question
How did the New Deal
respond to the ravages of the
depression and change the
role of the federal
government?

similar documents