Ch.22 The New Deal (1932-1941) Mr. Dzicek U.S. 11 Terms & People to Know FDR Eleanor Roosevelt New Deal Fireside chat Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)- insured bank deposits Terms & People to Know Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)- designed to regulate stock market and make safer for investors. Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)designed to end overproduction of crops and to raise prices. Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)built dams, controlled floods, generated electricity. Terms & People to Know Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)employed young men to build up America’s infrastructure. National Recovery Administration (NRA)- established codes for industry (min. wage, set prices)designed to increase wages to workers could buy products. Terms & People to Know Public Works Administration (PWA)built up infrastructure (bridges, roads, dams, power plants, government buildings)- created lots of jobs. American Liberty LeagueConsisted of critics of FDR’s New Deal. Huey Long Charles Coughlin Terms & People to Know Second New Deal- focused more on general welfare of the people. Works Progress Administration (WPA)- similar to the CCC, but employed more diverse group of people. John Maynard Keynes- British economist; argued that deficit spending was needed to get America out of the depression. Terms & People to Know Pump priming- put money into hands of consumers… they buy more goods. Social Security Act (1935)established a pension system for retirees and provided unemployment insurance. (Note: Did not apply to African Americans. Women and widows received limited amounts) Terms & People to Know Rural Electrification Administrationprovided money to electrical companies so that the companies could provide electricity to farms. Wagner Act- recognized the right of employees to join labor unions and gave workers collective bargaining. Terms & People to Know Fair Labor Standards Act 91938)established min. wage, and max. work week (44 hrs.) Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)- Union that appealed to more groups of people than the AFL. United Automobile Workers Union (UAW)- staged the sit-down strike in Detroit. (1936). Terms & People to Know Court packing- FDR’s attempt to place more judges in the U.S. Supreme Court. (In order to get more to agree on New Deal). Black Cabinet- African American leaders that helped advise FDR. Mary McLeod Bethune- member of Black Cabinent. Fought for racial equality. Indian New Deal- gave Native American economic assistance and greater control over their own Terms & People to Know New Deal Coalition- very diverse group that supported FDR. (southern whites, northern blue collar workers, poor midwestern farmers, African Americans). Welfare state- government assumes responsibility for providing for the welfare of children, poor, elderly, sick, disabled, unemployed. Frank Capra- director. Movies focused on ordinary Americans struggling. Terms & People to Know Federal Art Project- offered jobs to artists (murals, paintings, folklores, guidebooks, recorded oral histories of slaves, etc.) Questions to Consider How did the New Deal attempt to address the problems of the depression? What were the two major criticisms of FDR’s New Deal economic policies? What major issues did the Second New Deal address? How did the New Deal affect trade unions? Questions to Consider What setbacks did Roosevelt face during his second term as President? What was the Court Packing Scheme? Was it justified? How did the New Deal change the social, economic, and political landscape of the United States for future generations? Questions to Consider What impact did the New Deal have on women? How did the New Deal affect African Americans? Native Americans? How did New Deal policies affect ethnic and social divisions? In what ways did the role of the federal government grow during FDR’s presidency? Questions to Consider How did the men and women of the depression find relief from their hardships in the popular culture? The BIG Question How did the New Deal respond to the ravages of the depression and change the role of the federal government?