erik erikson powerpoint

Report
Presented By:
Tyler Andazola, Angela Price
Background
Born June 15 1902- May 12 1994
 Frankfurt Germany
 Jewish
 Moved to US 1933
 Taught @ Harvard Medical School, UC
Berkley, Yale, San Francisco
Psychoanalytic Institute, Austen Riggs
Center, Center for Advanced Studies

Background Cont.
Changed name- Erik Homberger to Erik
H. Erikson
 Private Practice- Child Psychoanalysis

Erikson’s Basic Theory

The world gets bigger as we go along

Failure is cumulative
8 Stages of Development from
Birth to Death


Infancy

Play age
 Birth-18 months
 3-5yrs
 Trust vs. Mistrust
 Initiative vs. Guilt
Early childhood:

School age
 18 month-3 yrs
 6-12 yrs
 autonomy vs. Shame
 Industry vs. Inferiority
8 Stages Cont.

Adolescence:

 12-18 yrs
 35-55 or 65 yrs
 Identity vs. Role
 Generativity vs. Self
confusion

Middle adulthood
Young adulthood:
Absorption

Late adulthood:
 18-5 yrs
 65-death
 Intimacy & solidarity
 Integrity vs. Despair
vs. isolation
Influences


Erickson was an anthropologist
society and human development.

Non-Freudians and Freudians.

social factors role and expanding the stages of development
beyond childhood

influential among professional clinical psychologists and
counselors.
Influences Cont.
•
Erickson and Jean Piaget
• Erickson theory on importance of child’s
development
• Piaget emphasis on cognitive
development
• Erickson emphasis on child’s
development is related to child’s
success.
Critique







Erickson and James Marcia(particularly regarding
adolescence)
Marcia’s work did show evidence and relates
adolescence and childhood.
If you resolve your childhood that will successfully
resolve crisis of adolescence
Marcia also questioned about Erickson theory.
He also questioned that if the stages only occurred
are within the age ranges Erickson suggests.
However Erickson theory occurs throughout a
lifetime.
Age groups best describe when conflicts become
most important.
Work Cited
"Erik Erikson." NNDB: Tracking the
Entire World. Web. 13 Feb. 2012.
<http://www.nndb.com/people/151/0000
97857/>.
 "Erik Erikson - Biography of Erik
Erikson." Psychology - Complete Guide
to Psychology for Students, Educators &
Enthusiasts. Web. 13 Feb. 2012.
<http://psychology.about.com/od/profiles
ofmajorthinkers/p/bio_erikson.htm>.


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