Presented By: Tyler Andazola, Angela Price Background Born June 15 1902- May 12 1994 Frankfurt Germany Jewish Moved to US 1933 Taught @ Harvard Medical School, UC Berkley, Yale, San Francisco Psychoanalytic Institute, Austen Riggs Center, Center for Advanced Studies Background Cont. Changed name- Erik Homberger to Erik H. Erikson Private Practice- Child Psychoanalysis Erikson’s Basic Theory The world gets bigger as we go along Failure is cumulative 8 Stages of Development from Birth to Death Infancy Play age Birth-18 months 3-5yrs Trust vs. Mistrust Initiative vs. Guilt Early childhood: School age 18 month-3 yrs 6-12 yrs autonomy vs. Shame Industry vs. Inferiority 8 Stages Cont. Adolescence: 12-18 yrs 35-55 or 65 yrs Identity vs. Role Generativity vs. Self confusion Middle adulthood Young adulthood: Absorption Late adulthood: 18-5 yrs 65-death Intimacy & solidarity Integrity vs. Despair vs. isolation Influences Erickson was an anthropologist society and human development. Non-Freudians and Freudians. social factors role and expanding the stages of development beyond childhood influential among professional clinical psychologists and counselors. Influences Cont. • Erickson and Jean Piaget • Erickson theory on importance of child’s development • Piaget emphasis on cognitive development • Erickson emphasis on child’s development is related to child’s success. Critique Erickson and James Marcia(particularly regarding adolescence) Marcia’s work did show evidence and relates adolescence and childhood. If you resolve your childhood that will successfully resolve crisis of adolescence Marcia also questioned about Erickson theory. He also questioned that if the stages only occurred are within the age ranges Erickson suggests. However Erickson theory occurs throughout a lifetime. Age groups best describe when conflicts become most important. Work Cited "Erik Erikson." NNDB: Tracking the Entire World. Web. 13 Feb. 2012. <http://www.nndb.com/people/151/0000 97857/>. "Erik Erikson - Biography of Erik Erikson." Psychology - Complete Guide to Psychology for Students, Educators & Enthusiasts. Web. 13 Feb. 2012. <http://psychology.about.com/od/profiles ofmajorthinkers/p/bio_erikson.htm>.