Powered Industrial Trucks Operator Training

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Powered Industrial Trucks Operator Training
29 CFR 1910.178
Definition
A mobile, power-propelled truck used to
carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materials.
 Commonly known as forklifts, pallet trucks,
rider trucks, forktrucks, or lift trucks.
 Can be powered through electric or
combustion engines.

Reasons for Training
Maintain a safe working environment.
 Required by OSHA 29 CFR 1910.178.
 Powered industrial truck accidents cause
approximately 100 fatalities and 36,340 serious
injuries in general industry and construction
annually.
 It is estimated that 20 - 25% of the accidents are,
at least in part, caused by inadequate training.

Stability Triangle
B
Vehicle Center of
Gravity (Unloaded)
A
C
Center of Gravity
of Vehicle and
Maximum Load
Notes:
1. When the vehicle is loaded, the combined center of gravity (CG) shifts toward line B-C.
Theoretically the maximum load will result in the CG at the line B-C. In actual practice, the
combined CG should never be at line B-C.
2. The addition of additional counterweight will cause the truck CG to shift toward point A and result
in a truck that is less stable laterally.
Stability
Travel with load uphill when ascending
or descending grades.
 Do not attempt to make a turn on a grade.
 Load pallets evenly; avoid building up unstable
loads which could collapse during movement.
 Never exceed the load capacity of the PIT.
 If a vehicle tips, do not attempt to jump clear.
Brace yourself, hold onto the steering wheel and
lean away form impact.

Safe Operation
Pedestrians always have the right-of-way.
 Stunt driving and horseplay are prohibited at all
times.
 No riders are allowed under any circumstances.
 Look in the direction of travel. Proceed in a
forward direction whenever possible. If driving
backwards, proceed slowly while looking in the
direction of travel.

Safe Operation
Be cautious of edges and open dock doors.
 The speed at which you travel is limited by the
area and conditions where you are traveling.
 If your view is blocked by the load you are
moving, travel with the load trailing.
 Lower forks near the floor while traveling with or
without a load.
 Wear safety belts or harnesses while operating
vehicle.

Intersections and Blind-Spots
Stop and sound horn at all blind spots and
intersections.
 Slow down and sound horn in high traffic areas.
 Do not enter areas of forklift restriction.

PIT Safety
Never block fire fighting equipment, emergency
exits or alarms with PIT or material.
 Lower forks to ground when parking vehicle.
 Set parking brake before exiting vehicle.
 Be aware of overhead clearances.
 Report any damage to racks, or other property to
supervisor.
 Never stand or walk under elevated forks.

PIT Inspection
Employees are required to complete a PIT
Inspection checklist for their vehicle prior to
operating at the start of each shift.
 Take the time to do a proper inspection of the
entire vehicle.
 Any vehicle that is not working properly must
be removed from service.
 Inform your Supervisor of any items that need
repaired.

Safe loading and unloading
procedure
Engage DOK-LOK and or chock trailer wheels.
 Inspect trailer floor before entering.
 The forklift driver is the only person that is
 Permitted to operate the DOK-LOK or
chock/unchock trailer wheels.
 If DOK-LOK’s are not working
you must use wheel chocks.


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