Powered Industrial Trucks Operator Training

Powered Industrial Trucks Operator Training
29 CFR 1910.178
A mobile, power-propelled truck used to
carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materials.
 Commonly known as forklifts, pallet trucks,
rider trucks, forktrucks, or lift trucks.
 Can be powered through electric or
combustion engines.
Reasons for Training
Maintain a safe working environment.
 Required by OSHA 29 CFR 1910.178.
 Powered industrial truck accidents cause
approximately 100 fatalities and 36,340 serious
injuries in general industry and construction
 It is estimated that 20 - 25% of the accidents are,
at least in part, caused by inadequate training.
Stability Triangle
Vehicle Center of
Gravity (Unloaded)
Center of Gravity
of Vehicle and
Maximum Load
1. When the vehicle is loaded, the combined center of gravity (CG) shifts toward line B-C.
Theoretically the maximum load will result in the CG at the line B-C. In actual practice, the
combined CG should never be at line B-C.
2. The addition of additional counterweight will cause the truck CG to shift toward point A and result
in a truck that is less stable laterally.
Travel with load uphill when ascending
or descending grades.
 Do not attempt to make a turn on a grade.
 Load pallets evenly; avoid building up unstable
loads which could collapse during movement.
 Never exceed the load capacity of the PIT.
 If a vehicle tips, do not attempt to jump clear.
Brace yourself, hold onto the steering wheel and
lean away form impact.
Safe Operation
Pedestrians always have the right-of-way.
 Stunt driving and horseplay are prohibited at all
 No riders are allowed under any circumstances.
 Look in the direction of travel. Proceed in a
forward direction whenever possible. If driving
backwards, proceed slowly while looking in the
direction of travel.
Safe Operation
Be cautious of edges and open dock doors.
 The speed at which you travel is limited by the
area and conditions where you are traveling.
 If your view is blocked by the load you are
moving, travel with the load trailing.
 Lower forks near the floor while traveling with or
without a load.
 Wear safety belts or harnesses while operating
Intersections and Blind-Spots
Stop and sound horn at all blind spots and
 Slow down and sound horn in high traffic areas.
 Do not enter areas of forklift restriction.
PIT Safety
Never block fire fighting equipment, emergency
exits or alarms with PIT or material.
 Lower forks to ground when parking vehicle.
 Set parking brake before exiting vehicle.
 Be aware of overhead clearances.
 Report any damage to racks, or other property to
 Never stand or walk under elevated forks.
PIT Inspection
Employees are required to complete a PIT
Inspection checklist for their vehicle prior to
operating at the start of each shift.
 Take the time to do a proper inspection of the
entire vehicle.
 Any vehicle that is not working properly must
be removed from service.
 Inform your Supervisor of any items that need
Safe loading and unloading
Engage DOK-LOK and or chock trailer wheels.
 Inspect trailer floor before entering.
 The forklift driver is the only person that is
 Permitted to operate the DOK-LOK or
chock/unchock trailer wheels.
 If DOK-LOK’s are not working
you must use wheel chocks.

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