Challenges

Report
European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Community-led local
development
Articles 28-31 of the Common
Provisions Regulation
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European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Community-led local
development
• Roots in LEADER (EAFRD) and Axis 4 of the EFF;
applicability of the method extended to ERDF and ESF
• At the moment, local action groups (EAFRD/EFF)
potentially benefit from different Funds, but not in a
coordinated way
• The common approach for all policies as set out in the
proposed provisions enable MS and territories/LAGs to
coordinate the integrated use of all CSF Funds
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European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Reminder
•
Background: The Common Strategic Framework (CSF) to
strengthen the coordination and integration of EU policies for the
delivery of the Europe 2020 strategy: Territorial development on
sub-regional level as a cross-cutting issue for inclusive growth
•
Legal proposals of the Commission for 2014-2020: A common
instrument/approach to support community-led local
development: based on a single set of rules with policy-specific
features
 Reinforcing multi level governance through „multi-funded“
local development strategies
•
Common goal of the different EU Policies (Cohesion, Rural
Development, Maritime & Fisheries) : To improve strategic choices
at Member State level regarding local development
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European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Definition – Art. 28 §1
(a) Focused on specific sub-regional territories, which can be
urban, rural, coastal, cross-border or a mix of several
(b) Community-led: implemented by the local community through
public-private partnerships - cannot be implemented by the
municipality alone
(c) Carried out through integrated and multi-sectoral area based
local development strategies: (selected jointly under the
responsibility of the relevant managing authorities; Art. 29.3)
(d) Takes into consideration local needs and potential, including
local innovation, networking, cooperation
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European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Guiding principle – Art. 28 §2
• Consistency and coordination of the support to
CLLD between the CSF Funds
 ensured through coordination of:
– Capacity building
– Selection and approval of the local development
strategies
– Funding of the implementation of the LDS
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European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Management at MS level
• Local development strategies are selected for EU
funding under the responsibility of the relevant
managing authorities (see Art. 29.3); can be
financed from several EU instruments in parallel
(see for example Art. 29.5) … “Multi-funding” as an
option!
• If the LDS are multi-fund, MS can designate a „lead
Fund“ (Art. 28.3 + 4) which covers all management
costs – simplification in management
• Choice of the “lead Fund” depends on the activities
foreseen and the area in question
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European Union
Example of a „multi-fund“ local development
strategy
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Project 1
ERDF
Running costs,
animation,
networking
Possibly
though „lead
Fund“
Project 2
ESF
ESF
EAFRD
LOCAL DEVELOPMENT
STRATEGY
ERDF
Project 3
EAFRD
EMFF
Project 3
EMFF
Local action group
Local governments
Local entrepreneurs
Local NGOs, civil society
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European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Local development strategies
Minimum requirements (Art. 29.1):
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
the definition of the area and population covered by the strategy
(subject to delegated acts, Art.29.6);
an analysis of the development needs and potential of the area,
including an analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and
threats;
a description of the strategy and its objectives, a description of the
integrated and innovative character of the strategy and a hierarchy of
objectives, including clear and measurable targets for outputs or
results.
a description of the process of community involvement in the
development of the strategy;
an action plan demonstrating how objectives are translated into
actions;
a description of the management and monitoring arrangements of
the strategy, demonstrating the capacity of the local action group to
implement the strategy and a description of specific arrangements for
evaluation;
the financial plan of the strategy, including the planned allocation of
each of the CSF Funds.
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European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
LDS selection/approval process
Art. 29 §2 to 5
• MS define selection criteria
• Selection undertaken under the responsibility of
relevant managing authorities (jointly)
• The decision to approve a local development strategy
by the managing authority should:
– set out the allocations of each CSF Fund
– set out the roles of the authorities responsible for the
implementation of the relevant programmes for all
implementation tasks relating to the strategy
• Decision on “Lead Fund” at the level of each LDS
(Art. 29.4)
• LDS should be approved by the end of 2015 to allow
sufficient time for implementation
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European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Local action groups – Art. 30
• Legally constituted structure or lead partner in administrative
and financial matters (Art. 30.2)
• Composition: no interest group should represent more than 49%
of voting rights (part of the CLLD principle; Art. 28.1)
• Project selection – at least 50% of the votes from non-public
sector partners
• Local action groups should at least:
– Carry out capacity building actions for local actors
– Draw up project selection criteria, assess and select
operations for financing under the local development
strategy (… role of the managing authority in the approval of
the projects remains an administrative and political choice in
each MS, see Art.30.3 f)
– Monitor the implementation of the local development
strategy and the operations supported, evaluation activities
• Local action groups can fulfil additional functions
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European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Interventions eligible under
community- led local development
(Art. 31)
The CSF Funds can cover:
• the costs of preparatory support
• implementation of operations under the local
development strategy (including physical investment)
• preparation and implementation of cooperation
activities of the local action group
• running costs and animation of the local development
strategy up to the limit of 25 % of the total public
expenditure incurred within the local development
strategy
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European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Community led local development under
cohesion policy
•
•
This local development approach is optional for ERDF and ESF.
Member State indicates in the OP whether and where community led
local development will be implemented - can be the entire territory
Incentives:
– where MS decides to create a separate priority axis for community
led local development the co-financing rate can be increased by 10%
points;
– Reimbursement of management costs for local actions groups who
apply for support from different EU instruments though the ”lead
Fund” as an option;
– In the case of ERDF, all actions under community led local
development can be financed under the thematic objective no 9:
promoting social inclusion and combating poverty, regardless of
the nature of interventions involved
– In the case of ESF, all actions under community led local
development can also be financed under the thematic objective 9
with a dedicated investment priority
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European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
LEADER - Community led local
development under the EAFRD
• LEADER is compulsory with 5% of the EAFRD funding per
MS. Member State indicates in the Rural Development
Programme where LEADER (CLLD under EAFRD) will be
implemented - can be the entire territory
• In accordance with Art. 28.5, LEADER is not restricted to any of
the EU priorities for rural development
• Incentives: maximum co-financing rates (Art. 65.4 EAFRD
Reg.):
• up to 80% in “other regions” (instead of 50%);
• up to 90% in the less developed regions (instead of
85%)
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European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
FARNET - Community led local
development under the EMFF
• Objectives: local development strategies shall :
– maximise the participation of the fisheries sector in the
sustainable development of fisheries areas;
– ensure that local communities fully exploit and benefit from
the opportunities offered by maritime and coastal
development.
• No ring-fencing but Axis 4 of current EFF is 13%
• MS to indicate in their OPs the fisheries areas (coastal,
inland) eligible for EMFF funding
• Example: Galicia
• http://ec.europa.eu/avservices/video/videoplayer.cfm?ref=I
071373&sitelang=en
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