Causes of WWI “The War to End All Wars”

Report
All Quiet On the Western Front:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SXtsiqrhqsU
Militarism

belief or desire of a government or
people that a country should
maintain a strong military capability
and be prepared to use it
aggressively to defend or promote
national interests.
 What is militarism:
 http://www.newprofile.org/english/node/215
 Nationalism
 a feeling that people have of being
loyal to and proud of their country
often with the belief that it is
better and more important than
other countries
 What is Nationalism
 “Improving Morale” by Brigadier General E.L.
Spears
 What is the purpose of discipline?
 Why was the victim in the story willing to die?
Militarism or Nationalism?
Why?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rSPj_G2yVz4
1879
The Dual Alliance
Germany and Austria-Hungary made an
alliance to protect themselves from Russia
1881
Austro-Serbian Alliance
1882
The Triple Alliance
Austria-Hungary made an alliance with
Serbia to stop Russia gaining control of
Serbia
Germany and Austria- Hungary made an
alliance with Italy to stop Italy from taking
sides with Russia
1894
Franco-Russian Alliance
1914
Triple Entente (no separate peace)
Russia formed an alliance with France to
protect herself against Germany and
Austria-Hungary
Britain, Russia and France agreed not to sign for
peaceseparately.
1907
Triple Entente
This was made between Russia, France
and Britain to counter the increasing threat
from Germany.
1907
Anglo-Russian Entente
1904
Entente Cordiale
This was an agreement between Britain
and Russia
This was an agreement, but not a formal
alliance, between France and Britain.
 By 1900 the British Empire extended over five continents
 France had control of large areas of Africa.
 Industrialism caused countries to need new markets
 When a country controlled a market they would control who could trade
there and how much goods cost
 All of this increased tensions
Colonial
Rivalries:
Africa
in
1914
Colonial Rivalries: Asia in 1914
The British Empire in 1914
The British Empire covered 20% of the globe and included almost 25% of
the world’s population.
The Balkans in 1878
 Controlled by the Muslim Ottoman
Empire
 1870 Greece and Rumania were able to
rebel
 1875 Serbia, Bosnia, and Bulgaria also
wanted freedom
 Russia supported this
 For support of the good of other Slavic peoples. To
free them from oppressive and corrupt leaders
OR
 For their own ambitions to gain a warm water port
on the Mediterranean
 Austria-Hungary Empire distrusted Russia
and wanted their own influence over the
region
 Britain and France wanted the Ottoman
Sultan to offer religious tolerance and
stop the abuses in the region. They also
didn’t want either Russia or AHE gaining
more land and power.
The Balkan Wars: 1912-1913
Treaty of Berlin
 Serbia would become independent
 Bulgaria – state under Ottoman
Empire
 Bosnia- state under AustriaHungary
 Rumania- part of their lands would
go to Russia
Tensions Created
 Balkan people did not get
anything, they were again divided
amongst bigger nations
 1908 Austria-Hungary annexed
Bosnia angering Serbia who
supported independence
 Russia supported Serbia
Video
Europe in 1914
 Assassination of Archduke
Ferdinand
 All Quiet on the Western Front

similar documents