Learning About Fiction and Nonfiction

Learning About
Fiction and Nonfiction
Fiction Writing
• Can be inspired by fact
• Can be based entirely on the fantastic
Elements of Fiction
• Characters – made-up people or
• Plot – made-up series of events
• Setting – time or location, which may
or may not be real
Elements of Fiction contd.
• Narrator – told by a speaker or
someone NOT in the story
• Theme – message about life
– Example: friendship, love,
Elements of Fiction contd.
• Point of View – certain perspective
– 1st Person – perspective of a character IN
the story
– 3rd Person – perspective of a narrator
OUTSIDE the story
Types of Fiction contd.
• Novels – long works of
– May contain one or more
subplots (independent or
related plots)
– Examples: Harry Potter and
the Sorcerer’s Stone, The
Lightening Thief, Diary of a
Wimpy Kid, Eragon
Types of Fiction contd.
• Novellas – shorter
than novels, but longer
than short stories
– Examples: Of Mice and
Men, War of the
Worlds, Coraline
Types of Fiction contd.
• Short Stories – brief works of fiction
– Meant to be read in one sitting
– Contain same basic elements
– Tend to focus on one plot around a
single conflict
Nonfiction Writing
• Deals only with real people, events, or
• Author’s Viewpoint = real person
• Presents facts or discusses ideas
• May reflect historical context –
references to major social and
cultural information
Types of Nonfiction
• Biographies –
another writer tells
the life story of
someone’s life
• More objective
• Based on research
Types of Nonfiction contd.
• Autobiographies –
reflects the thoughts
and feelings about the
events in his/her own
• More personal
• Based on memory and
Types of Nonfiction contd.
• Memoirs –
writing that
focuses only on a
short period in the
writer’s life instead
of the life span
Types of Nonfiction contd.
• Letters – written communication
from one person to another
– Might share information, thoughts, or
Types of Nonfiction contd.
• Journals and diaries –
written records of
daily events
– Include writer’s
feelings and thoughts
– May be public or
Types of Nonfiction contd.
• Essays and Articles – brief works
written about a specific topic
– Purpose might be to explain, persuade,
or inform
Types of Nonfiction contd.
• Informational Text – everyday life
written documents
– Examples: textbooks, applications,
instructions, articles, manuals

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